The climate change program in LAC. Use of the earth simulator Walter Vergara January 17, 2008. Climate change strategy in Latin America.
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The climate change program in LAC
Use of the earth simulator
January 17, 2008
Projected change in temperature* (1990-99) to (2090-99)
along the American Cordillera, from Alaska to Chile
*Mean of 8 GCM simulations from IPCC 4th Assessment
using scenario A2
Source: Bradley , Vuille, Diaz and Vergara, Science, 2006
Increased exposure to Malaria and Dengue
Trinidad (CF: E$2m; CCIG: $0.5 m).
efficient use of ES data
to interpret results
of results in scientific literature
future simulation at regional
The unified model utilizes:
• Semi-Lagrangian integration scheme
• Short-Wave Parameterization by Shibata & Uchiyama
• Long-Wave Parameterization by Shibata & Aoki
• Cumulous Parameterization by Arakawa & Schubert
• In clouds, consideration of large-scale condensation, cumulus, and stratocumulus
• Parameterization of the boundary layer: 2-level closed system of Mellor & Yamada
AGCM developed jointly by the Center for Cli-mate System Research (CCSR) of the University of Tokyo and the
Japanese National Institute for Environmental Sci-ences (NIES). The particular version of the CCSR/NIES AGCM
has been used for several international modeling ef-forts, including future projections for the Intergovernmental
Panel for Climate Change (IPCC, SRES) and the Atmos-pheric Model Intercomparison Project (AMIP).
Usando el simulador de la tierra, escenario A1B para finales de siglo XXI
Comparison of actual (average 1961-1990 data from 685 weather stations) vs modeled isothermals (run AM from the Earth Simulator) and future temperatures (2080-2099)
Source: (IDEAM report on activities under Partnership MRI-WB, 2006)