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World War I and the United States. Schlieffen Plan. The Western Front. Trench Warfare. New Weapons. Mass Participation. The. U.S. enters the war, April 6, 1917. Proximate causes: German resumption of unrestricted submarine warfare. Zimmerman telegram Woodrow Wilson sought grand goals

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World war i and the united states

World War Iand the United States







The u s enters the war april 6 1917
The. U.S. enters the war, April 6, 1917

  • Proximate causes:

    • German resumption of unrestricted submarine warfare.

    • Zimmerman telegram

  • Woodrow Wilson sought grand goals

    • Reshaping of international order (embodied in 14 points)


Mobilization issues
Mobilization Issues

  • Manpower

  • Industrial production

  • Organization


The selective service act may 1917
The Selective Service Act, May 1917

  • All males age 21-30 to register for draft:

    • Later extended to males aged 18-45

  • Local civilian boards selected draftees.

  • Equitable exemption & recruitment policy:

    • No bounties, substitutions or commutations.


1917 assessing the draft
1917: Assessing the Draft

  • 9-10 million men registered in June.

  • 3 million called to service.

  • 1 million rejected: physically unfit.

  • 1 million obtained other exemptions.

  • 500,000 enter military service by end of year.

  • 700,000 men volunteered for Army and National Guard.


How many men
How Many Men?

  • 1917: Army decides AEF should have 1.3 million men in 30 divisions by end of 1918.

  • July 1918: AEF to expand to

    • 80 divisions by May 1919

    • 52 by end of 1918.

  • AEF had 43 division at war’s end.


Sources for officers
Sources for Officers?

  • Regular Army enlisted ranks

  • R.O.T.C. (and related Student Army Training Corps).

  • Officer training schools camps/schools (for enlistees/volunteers)


Economic difficulties
Economic Difficulties

  • Competing markets

    • Foreign: military and civilian

    • U.S.: military and civilian

  • Growth of U.S. military sector

  • Ideological/bureaucratic impediments

  • Organizational discord


War organizations initiatives
War Organizations & Initiatives

  • War Industries Board (1917)

  • War Shipping Board & Emergency

    Fleet Corporation (1916)

  • Food Administration (1917)

  • War Trade Board (1917)

  • management of railroads

  • Liberty Bonds



Evaluation
Evaluation

  • The good:

    • cantonments

    • basic supplies

  • The bad:

    • arms production


U s navy and the atlantic
U.S. Navy and the Atlantic

  • Primary danger:

    U-boats.


The push for convoys
The push for convoys

  • William S. Sims


Requirements for asw
Requirements for ASW

  • Escort ships

    • Destroyers

    • “splinter fleet”

  • Merchant ships

  • Sailors


Technological fix
Technological Fix

  • North Sea Mine Barrage, 1918


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