How Can Forces Affect Objects?. Stacking Robots. THINK ABOUT THIS?????? When the clowns are balanced, is their state of motion constant or changing? Did their speed or direction change?
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THINK ABOUT THIS??????
2. When the clowns are unbalanced, is their state of motion constant or changing? Did their speed or direction change?
“Imagine that you are floating in outer space, far from any planet, star, or other mass.
The only thing that you have other than your space suit is your pet rock, Wilson. One
day, you and Wilson have an argument, and you angrily fling him away from you. How
will he travel? Will he ever slow down or come back? Will you ever know the comfort of
holding your pet rock again?”
Balanced Forces= Constant speed AND direction.
When the clowns are balanced, they are stationary or stay at rest. Speed is zero and there is no change in the direction of the clowns’ motion.
Unbalanced Forces= Changing speed OR direction
The clowns initially speed up in a downward direction, then for a brief moment in time they move at the same speed and direction before they slow down in an upward direction upon making contact with the floor, table or desk.
3. When the clowns were balanced, was their velocity constant or changing?
Balanced Forces= Constant velocity
4. When the clowns were unbalanced, was their velocity constant or changing?
Unbalanced Forces= Changing velocity
True or False?
A force is necessary to keep object moving
Newton’s First Law of Motion states:
Objects in motion stay in motion in a straight line unless acted upon by an unbalanced force.
Outside forces such as friction, gravity, magnetic force, electrical, force, and air resistance slow/stop objects
If an object is at rest,
no forces are acting upon it
There are many forces acting on it
(gravity, air pressure, etc)
but they are all BALANCED
We call this NORMAL FORCE. The book is said to be at equilibrium since there are no unbalanced forces acting upon the book and it maintains its state of motion (it still sits on the table).
Lets say you are standing on the ground. Since the floor pushes upward on you and gravity is pulling down on you, you are at equilibrium.
The book goes temporarily into motion, but friction from the table and gravity doesn’t allow it to go far.
Centripetal force is directed to the axis of rotation
Makes an object follow a curved path
Free-body diagrams are used to show the relative magnitude and direction of all forces acting on an object.