23.3 – THE OTHER SIDE OF AMERICAN LIFE. 1950s saw a growth in the middle class But…about 20% of Americans still lived below the poverty line Chronicled by Michael Harrington in his book The Other America Who were the poor?. 23.3 – DECLINE OF THE INNER CITY. Poverty was best seen in the city
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Poverty line depends on the size of the family (levels?) (poverty by groups)
By 1960 more than 3 million African Americans had migrated from the South to Northern cities in search of economic opportunity and to escape violence and racial intimidation. Long-standing patterns of discrimination in all areas of society kept many inner-city African Americans poor. In 1958 African American salaries were only 51% of what whites earned. Lorraine Hansberry’s play A Raisin in the Sun chronicled the story of a working class African American family struggling against poverty and racism.
Appalachia stretches from New York to Georgia and unemployment soared as the economy moved away from coal, which was the backbone of many communities in this region. 1.5 million people left this region in search of work. The standard of living was very low, for example, the region has fewer doctors per 1,000 people than anywhere else in the country. Schooling was worse that in the inner-city and there were high rates of infant mortality and nutritional deficiency.
- Targeted restaurants
WHAT IT DID
By the end of 1965 almost 250,000 new AAs had been registered
# of elected AA officials in the South increased
Now the 2 major goals of the CRM (outlawing of segregation and laws to prevent voting rights) had been legislated. The movement now started to shift towards acquiring full social and economic equality; focus on poverty and cities
Stokely Carmichael – leader of the SNCC in 1966