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Syntax. Aka: Sentence structure. 5 Kinds of Sentences. Declarative--makes statements Ms. Kitchens is a funny dresser. Imperative--makes commands; sometimes contains the understood you Papers in the tray. Exclamatory--communicates strong emotion or surprise I love Ms. Kitchens!.

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Syntax

Syntax

Aka: Sentence structure


5 kinds of sentences
5 Kinds of Sentences

  • Declarative--makes statements

    • Ms. Kitchens is a funny dresser.

  • Imperative--makes commands; sometimes contains the understood you

    • Papers in the tray.

  • Exclamatory--communicates strong emotion or surprise

    • I love Ms. Kitchens!


5 kinds of sentences1
5 Kinds of Sentences

  • Interrogative--asks questions

    • Why is Ms. Kitchens so strange?

  • Conditional--expresses wishes (if…then)

    • If Ms. Kitchens gives me an ‘A’, I will bring her non-fat lattes every Monday and Wednesday.


Loose sentences
Loose Sentences

  • A loose sentences expresses the main thought near the beginning and is followed by explanatory material.

  • Ex: English is my favorite subject because we get to read awesome books, do cool assignments like beat poetry and drink milk with cookies.

    • What is the main thought here?


Periodic sentences
Periodic Sentences

  • The main idea of a periodic sentence comes at the end of the sentence (near the period.)

  • Ex: In English, we get to read awesome books, do cool assignment like beat poetry and drink milk with cookies and that is why English is my favorite subject.


You practice
You practice

  • Here’s the main idea:

    • All beatniks were not drug addicts.

  • Write a loose sentence using this idea (remember, the main idea will come 1st)


Practice
Practice

  • Now, write a periodic sentence using the same main idea:

    • All beatniks were not drug addicts


Parallel sentences
Parallel Sentences

  • A sentence is parallel when words or phrases are stated in the same way, usually gramatically

  • Ex.: Ms. Kitchens likes to bake apple pie, eat with a fork and clean the kitchen.

    • What tense are all the verbs in?

    • What else is similar?


Parallel sentences1
Parallel Sentences

  • Repitition can also lead to parallelism in a sentence or a paragraph:

  • Ex: “It was the best of times; it was the worst of times.”

  • Ex: “I have a dream…I have a dream…”

    (This is repeated throughout King’s speech, making it parallel.)


Parallel sentences2
Parallel Sentences

  • Write a parallel sentence of your own, either using the idea of repitition or grammatical similarity.

  • Check your partner’s paper.


Mlk s i have a dream
MLK’s “I Have a Dream”

  • Write down what you know about Martin Luther King or the Civil Rights Movement…


Mlk s i have a dream1
MLK’s “I Have a Dream”

  • One of the most recognized symbols of Civil Rights Movement

  • Delivered August 28, 1963

  • Part of March on Washington

    • 200,000 people (listen for them in the background)

    • Anniversary of the Emancipation Proclamation


Mlk s i have a dream2
MLK’s “I Have a Dream”

  • King’s speech is full of parallelism and a variety of different syntax. Listen through the first time, keeping an ear attuned for parallelism.

  • When we’re done listening, I’ll ask you to find loose and/or periodic sentences, plus the 5 types of sentences.


Your dream
Your Dream

  • Here’s your chance to emulate Martin Luther King!

  • Using King’s “I Have Dream Speech,” write your own “I Have a Dream Speech.”


I have a dream
I Have a Dream

  • Your speech must:

    • Be at least 3/4 of a page (250-300 words)

    • Use some type of parallelism

    • Employ at least three different types of sentences (declarative, interrogative, conditional, etc.)

    • Must have at least one periodic sentence and one loose sentence


I have a dream analysis
“I Have a Dream” Analysis

  • What type of syntax does Martin Luther King employ in his “I Have a Dream Speech” and how does it further develop his purpose?

    • First, determine purpose

    • Next, figure out what kind of syntax he uses

    • Finally, how does that syntax help his purpose?


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