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Micro processor. Ihsan Naskah [email protected] Istilah-istilah Processor. Clock Speed: Frekwensi kerja prosesor, dalam satuan MHz ( MegaHertz ). Bus Width: Lebar jalur bus data Bus Speed: Kecepatan transfer data pada bus system

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istilah istilah processor
Istilah-istilah Processor
  • Clock Speed: Frekwensi kerja prosesor, dalam satuan MHz (MegaHertz).
  • Bus Width: Lebar jalur bus data
  • Bus Speed: Kecepatan transfer data pada bus system
  • FSB: Front Side Bus, bus data yang menghubungkan processor Memory Utama
  • BSB: Back Side Bus, bus data yang menghubungkan processor dengan L2-Cache
  • L1-Cache:Cache Memory yang tergabung dalam processor
  • L2-Cache:Cache Memory yang berada di luar processor
l3 cache
L3-Cache
  • Kini semakin banyak processor keluaran terakhir yang memasukkan L2-Cache menjadi cache internal setelah L1-Cache (kini ada dua bagian cache internal L1 dan L2)
  • Maka Cache yang berada diluar processor kini disebut sebagai Cache Level 3 (L3-Cache)
istilah istilah processor1
Istilah-istilah Processor
  • MIPS: Million Instruction Per-Second (satu juta instruksi perdetik)
  • MMX: MultiMedia eXtension, kode program tambahan pada processor untuk optimasi multimedia
  • ECC: Error Correction Code, Kode khusus untuk mengoreksi kesalahan
  • SIMD: Single Instruction Multiple Data, mengerjakan sejumlah data sejenis dengan satu instruksi
  • SSE2: Streaming SIMD Extended
istilah kemasan processor
Istilah Kemasan Processor
  • PGA: Pin Grid Array
  • BGA: Ball Grid Array
  • PPGA: Plastic Pin Grid Array
  • SPGA: Staggered Pin Grid Array
  • DCPGA: Dual Cavity Pin Grid Array
  • FC-PGA: Flip-Chip Pin Grid Array
  • Micro-PGA: Micro Pin Grid Array
  • uFCPGA: Micro Flip Chip Pin Grid Array
  • TCP: Tape Carrier Package
  • SEPP: Single Edge Processor Package
  • SECC: Single Edge Contact Cartridge
slide6

SECC

FC-PGA

FC-PGA

PPGA

vendor processor
Vendor Processor
  • Intel http://www.intel.com
  • AMD (Advanced Micro Device) http://www.amd.com
  • IBM http://www.ibm.com
  • Ciryx http://www.ciryx.com
processor intel
Processor Intel
  • 8080
    • Clock speed: 2 MHz
    • 0.64 MIPS
    • Bus Width: 8 bits
    • Addressable Memory: 64 Kbytes
    • 4.500 transistor (6 microns)
    • Digunakan sebagai komponen utama pada PC (Personal Computer) pertama, 1974.
processor intel1
Processor Intel
  • 8086
    • Clock speed: 5 MHz (0.66 MIPS), dan 10 MHz (0.75 MIPS)
    • Bus width: 16 bits
    • Addressable memory: 1 Megabyte
    • 29.000 transistor (3 microns)
    • 10 kali lebih cepat dari pada 8080, dan disebut dengan PC-XT (eXtended Technology)
processor intel2
Processor Intel
  • 8088
    • Clock speed: 5 MHz (0.33 MIPS), dan 8 MHz (0.75 MIPS)
    • Internal Architecture 16 bits
    • Exernal bus width: 8 bits
    • 29.000 transistor (3 microns)
    • Digunakan sebagai processor standard untuk IBM-PC dan kompatibelnya
processor intel3
Processor Intel
  • 80286
    • Clock speed: 6 Mhz (0.9 MIPS), 10 MHz (1.5 MIPS), dan 12 MHz (2.66 MIPS)
    • Bus width: 16 bits
    • Addressabe Memory 16 Megabytes
    • 134.000 transistor (1.5 micron)
    • Disebut sebagai PC-AT (Advanced Technology)
processor intel4
Processor Intel
  • Intel386 SX
    • Clock speed: 16 MHz (2.5 MIPS), 20 MHz (2.5 MIPS), 25 MHz (2.7 MIPS), dan 33 MHz (2.9 MIPS)
    • Internal Architecture: 32 bits
    • External bus width: 16 bits
    • Addressable memory: 16 Megabytes
    • 275.000 transistor (1.5 micron)
processor intel5
Processor Intel
  • Intel386 DX
    • Clock speed: 16 MHz (6 MIPS), 20 MHz (7 MIPS), 25 MHz (8.5 MIPS), dan 33 MHz (11.4 MIPS)
    • Bus width: 32 bits
    • Addressable Memory: 4 Gigabytes
    • 275.000 transistor (1.5 micron)
    • Math-co-processor optional
processor intel6
Processor Intel
  • Intel386 SL
    • Clock Speed: 20 MHz (4,21 MIPS), 20 MHz (5,3 MIPS)
    • Internal Architecture: 32 bits
    • External Bus width: 16 bits
    • Addressable Memory: 4 Gigabytes
    • 855.000 transistor (1 micron)
    • Didisain untuk komputer portable
processor intel7
Processor Intel
  • Intel486 SX
    • Clock Speed 16 MHz (13 MIPS), 20 MHz (16,5 MIPS), 25 MHz (20 MIPS), 33 MHz (27 MIPS)
    • Bus width: 32 bits
    • Addressable Memory: 4 Gigabytes
    • 1.185.000 transistor (1 micron)
    • Tanpa Math coprocesor
processor intel8
Processor Intel
  • Intel486 DX
    • Clock Speed 15 MHz (20 MIPS), 33 MHz (27 MIPS), 50 MHz (41 MIPS)
    • Bus width: 32 bits
    • Addressable Memory: 4 Gigabytes
    • 1.200.000 transistor (1 micron)
    • Math coprocesor terintegrasi
processor intel9
Processor Intel
  • Intel486 DX2
    • Clock Speed: 50 MHz (41 MIPS), 66 MHz (54 MIPS)
    • Bus width: 32 bits
    • Addressable Memory: 4 Gigabytes
    • 1.200.000 transistor (1 micron)
    • Math coprocesor terintegrasi
    • Menggunakan teknologi “Speed doubler” dimana processor bekerja dalam 2 kali kecepatan bus
processor intel10
Processor Intel
  • Intel486 SL
    • Clock Speed 20 MHz (15,4 MIPS), 25 MHz (19 MIPS), 33 MHz (27 MIPS)
    • Bus width: 32 bits
    • Addressable Memory: 64 Megabytes
    • 1.400.000 transistor (1 micron)
    • Tanpa Math coprocesor
    • Didisain untuk portable (notebook)
processor intel11
Processor Intel
  • Pentium 60 & 66
    • Clock Speed 60 MHz (100 MIPS), 66 MHz (112 MIPS)
    • Bus width: 64 bits external data bus, 32 nits address bus
    • Addressable Memory: 4 Gigabytes
    • 3.100.000 transistor (0,8 micron)
    • 273 pin (PGA)
processor intel12
Processor Intel
  • Pentium 90, 100, 120
    • Clock Speed 90 MHz (149.8 MIPS), 100 MHz (166,3 MIPS), 120 MHz (203 MIPS)
    • Bus width: 64 bits external data bus, 32 bits address bus
    • Addressable Memory: 4 Gigabytes
    • 3.200.000 transistor (0,6 micron)
    • 296 pin (PGA)
processor intel13
Processor Intel
  • Pentium 133, 150, 166, 200
    • Clock Speed 133 MHz (218,9 MIPS), 150 MHz, 166 MHz, 200 MHz
    • Bus width: 64 bits external data bus, 32 bits address bus
    • Addressable Memory: 4 Gigabytes
    • 3.300.000 transistor (0,35 micron)
    • 296 pin (PGA)
processor intel14
Processor Intel
  • Pentium 166, 200, 233 with MMX
    • Clock Speed 200 MHz, 233 MHz
    • Bus width: 64 bits external data bus, 32 bits address bus
    • Addressable Memory: 4 Gigabytes
    • 4.500.000 transistor (0,35 micron)
    • 296 pin (PPGA)
processor intel15
Processor Intel
  • Pentium Pro 150, 166, 180, 200
    • Clock Speed 150 MHz, 166 MHz, 180 MHz, 200 MHz
    • Integrated 256K - 512K L1-Cache
    • Bus width: 64 bits to L1-Cache
    • Addressable Memory: 64 Gigabytes
    • 5.500.000 transistor (0,35 micron)
    • 387 pin (DCPGA)
processor intel16
Processor Intel
  • Intel Celeron
    • Clock Speed 266 MHz, 300 MHz
    • Bus width: 64 bits system bus
    • Bus speed: 66 Mhz
    • Addressable Memory: 4 Gigabytes
    • 7.500.000 transistor (0,25 micron)
    • 242 pin (SEPP)
processor intel17
Processor Intel
  • Intel Celeron 333
    • Clock Speed 333 MHz
    • Bus width: 64 bits system bus
    • Bus speed: 66 Mhz
    • Addressable Memory: 4 Gigabytes
    • 19.000.000 transistor (0,25 micron)
    • 242 pin (SEPP)
processor intel18
Processor Intel
  • Intel Celeron
    • Clock Speed: 366 MHz, 400 MHz, 433 MHz, 466 MHz, 500 Mhz, 533 MHz
    • Bus width: 64 bits system bus
    • Bus speed: 66 Mhz
    • Addressable Memory: 4 Gigabytes
    • 19.000.000 transistor (0,25 micron)
    • 370 pin (PPGA), 242 pin (SEPP)
processor intel19
Processor Intel
  • Intel Celeron
    • Clock Speed: 566 MHz, 600 MHz, 633 MHz, 667 MHz, 700 Mhz, 733 MHz, 1 GHz, 1.1 GHz
    • 128 KB L1-Cache
    • Bus speed: 100 Mhz
    • Addressable Memory: 4 Gigabytes
    • 19.000.000 transistor (0,25 micron)
    • FCPGA
processor intel20
Processor Intel
  • Pentium II
    • Clock Speed: 333 MHz, 350 MHz, 400 MHz 450 MHz
    • 512 KB L1-Cache dengan ECC
    • Bus speed: 100 Mhz
    • Addressable Memory: 64 Gigabytes
    • 7.500.000 transistor (0,25 micron)
    • 242 pin (SEC)
processor intel21
Processor Intel
  • Pentium II Xeon
    • Clock Speed: 400 MHz 450 MHz
    • 512 KB, 1 MB, dan 2 MB L1-Cache
    • Bus speed: 100 Mhz
    • Addressable Memory: 64 Gigabytes
    • 7.500.000 transistor (0,25 micron)
    • 242 pin (SEC)
    • Didisain untuk server
processor intel22
Processor Intel
  • Pentium !!!
    • Clock Speed: 450 MHz, 500 MHz, 533 MHz, 550 MHz, 600 MHz, 650 MHz, 667 MHz, 700 MHz, 733 MHz, 866/850 MHz, 933 MHz, 1.0 GHz
    • 256 KB L1-Cache
    • Bus speed: 100 Mhz dan 133 MHz
    • Addressable Memory: 64 Gigabytes
    • 28.000.000 transistor (0,18 micron)
    • FCPGA
processor intel23
Processor Intel
  • Pentium 4
    • Clock Speed:
      • 533MHz system bus: 2.80 GHz, 2.66 GHz, 2.53 GHz, 2.40B GHz, 2.26 GHz
      • 400MHz system bus: 2.60 GHz, 2.50 GHz, 2.40 GHz, 2.20 GHz, 2A GHz, 2 GHz, 1.90 GHz, 1.80 GHz, 1.70 GHz
    • Hyper Pipelining
    • Rapid execution engine
    • Streaming SIMD Extentions 2
    • Enhanced floating point/multimedia
  • http://www4.tomshardware.com/cpu/00q4/001120/index.html
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