Micro processor
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Micro processor. Ihsan Naskah [email protected] Istilah-istilah Processor. Clock Speed: Frekwensi kerja prosesor, dalam satuan MHz ( MegaHertz ). Bus Width: Lebar jalur bus data Bus Speed: Kecepatan transfer data pada bus system

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Micro processor

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Micro processor

Microprocessor

Ihsan Naskah

[email protected]


Istilah istilah processor

Istilah-istilah Processor

  • Clock Speed: Frekwensi kerja prosesor, dalam satuan MHz (MegaHertz).

  • Bus Width: Lebar jalur bus data

  • Bus Speed: Kecepatan transfer data pada bus system

  • FSB: Front Side Bus, bus data yang menghubungkan processor Memory Utama

  • BSB: Back Side Bus, bus data yang menghubungkan processor dengan L2-Cache

  • L1-Cache:Cache Memory yang tergabung dalam processor

  • L2-Cache:Cache Memory yang berada di luar processor


L3 cache

L3-Cache

  • Kini semakin banyak processor keluaran terakhir yang memasukkan L2-Cache menjadi cache internal setelah L1-Cache (kini ada dua bagian cache internal L1 dan L2)

  • Maka Cache yang berada diluar processor kini disebut sebagai Cache Level 3 (L3-Cache)


Istilah istilah processor1

Istilah-istilah Processor

  • MIPS: Million Instruction Per-Second (satu juta instruksi perdetik)

  • MMX: MultiMedia eXtension, kode program tambahan pada processor untuk optimasi multimedia

  • ECC: Error Correction Code, Kode khusus untuk mengoreksi kesalahan

  • SIMD: Single Instruction Multiple Data, mengerjakan sejumlah data sejenis dengan satu instruksi

  • SSE2: Streaming SIMD Extended


Istilah kemasan processor

Istilah Kemasan Processor

  • PGA: Pin Grid Array

  • BGA: Ball Grid Array

  • PPGA: Plastic Pin Grid Array

  • SPGA: Staggered Pin Grid Array

  • DCPGA: Dual Cavity Pin Grid Array

  • FC-PGA: Flip-Chip Pin Grid Array

  • Micro-PGA: Micro Pin Grid Array

  • uFCPGA: Micro Flip Chip Pin Grid Array

  • TCP: Tape Carrier Package

  • SEPP: Single Edge Processor Package

  • SECC: Single Edge Contact Cartridge


Micro processor

SECC

FC-PGA

FC-PGA

PPGA


Vendor processor

Vendor Processor

  • Intel http://www.intel.com

  • AMD (Advanced Micro Device) http://www.amd.com

  • IBM http://www.ibm.com

  • Ciryx http://www.ciryx.com


Processor intel

Processor Intel

  • 8080

    • Clock speed: 2 MHz

    • 0.64 MIPS

    • Bus Width: 8 bits

    • Addressable Memory: 64 Kbytes

    • 4.500 transistor (6 microns)

    • Digunakan sebagai komponen utama pada PC (Personal Computer) pertama, 1974.


Processor intel1

Processor Intel

  • 8086

    • Clock speed: 5 MHz (0.66 MIPS), dan 10 MHz (0.75 MIPS)

    • Bus width: 16 bits

    • Addressable memory: 1 Megabyte

    • 29.000 transistor (3 microns)

    • 10 kali lebih cepat dari pada 8080, dan disebut dengan PC-XT (eXtended Technology)


Processor intel2

Processor Intel

  • 8088

    • Clock speed: 5 MHz (0.33 MIPS), dan 8 MHz (0.75 MIPS)

    • Internal Architecture 16 bits

    • Exernal bus width: 8 bits

    • 29.000 transistor (3 microns)

    • Digunakan sebagai processor standard untuk IBM-PC dan kompatibelnya


Processor intel3

Processor Intel

  • 80286

    • Clock speed: 6 Mhz (0.9 MIPS), 10 MHz (1.5 MIPS), dan 12 MHz (2.66 MIPS)

    • Bus width: 16 bits

    • Addressabe Memory 16 Megabytes

    • 134.000 transistor (1.5 micron)

    • Disebut sebagai PC-AT (Advanced Technology)


Processor intel4

Processor Intel

  • Intel386 SX

    • Clock speed: 16 MHz (2.5 MIPS), 20 MHz (2.5 MIPS), 25 MHz (2.7 MIPS), dan 33 MHz (2.9 MIPS)

    • Internal Architecture: 32 bits

    • External bus width: 16 bits

    • Addressable memory: 16 Megabytes

    • 275.000 transistor (1.5 micron)


Processor intel5

Processor Intel

  • Intel386 DX

    • Clock speed: 16 MHz (6 MIPS), 20 MHz (7 MIPS), 25 MHz (8.5 MIPS), dan 33 MHz (11.4 MIPS)

    • Bus width: 32 bits

    • Addressable Memory: 4 Gigabytes

    • 275.000 transistor (1.5 micron)

    • Math-co-processor optional


Processor intel6

Processor Intel

  • Intel386 SL

    • Clock Speed: 20 MHz (4,21 MIPS), 20 MHz (5,3 MIPS)

    • Internal Architecture: 32 bits

    • External Bus width: 16 bits

    • Addressable Memory: 4 Gigabytes

    • 855.000 transistor (1 micron)

    • Didisain untuk komputer portable


Processor intel7

Processor Intel

  • Intel486 SX

    • Clock Speed 16 MHz (13 MIPS), 20 MHz (16,5 MIPS), 25 MHz (20 MIPS), 33 MHz (27 MIPS)

    • Bus width: 32 bits

    • Addressable Memory: 4 Gigabytes

    • 1.185.000 transistor (1 micron)

    • Tanpa Math coprocesor


Processor intel8

Processor Intel

  • Intel486 DX

    • Clock Speed 15 MHz (20 MIPS), 33 MHz (27 MIPS), 50 MHz (41 MIPS)

    • Bus width: 32 bits

    • Addressable Memory: 4 Gigabytes

    • 1.200.000 transistor (1 micron)

    • Math coprocesor terintegrasi


Processor intel9

Processor Intel

  • Intel486 DX2

    • Clock Speed: 50 MHz (41 MIPS), 66 MHz (54 MIPS)

    • Bus width: 32 bits

    • Addressable Memory: 4 Gigabytes

    • 1.200.000 transistor (1 micron)

    • Math coprocesor terintegrasi

    • Menggunakan teknologi “Speed doubler” dimana processor bekerja dalam 2 kali kecepatan bus


Processor intel10

Processor Intel

  • Intel486 SL

    • Clock Speed 20 MHz (15,4 MIPS), 25 MHz (19 MIPS), 33 MHz (27 MIPS)

    • Bus width: 32 bits

    • Addressable Memory: 64 Megabytes

    • 1.400.000 transistor (1 micron)

    • Tanpa Math coprocesor

    • Didisain untuk portable (notebook)


Processor intel11

Processor Intel

  • Pentium 60 & 66

    • Clock Speed 60 MHz (100 MIPS), 66 MHz (112 MIPS)

    • Bus width: 64 bits external data bus, 32 nits address bus

    • Addressable Memory: 4 Gigabytes

    • 3.100.000 transistor (0,8 micron)

    • 273 pin (PGA)


Processor intel12

Processor Intel

  • Pentium 90, 100, 120

    • Clock Speed 90 MHz (149.8 MIPS), 100 MHz (166,3 MIPS), 120 MHz (203 MIPS)

    • Bus width: 64 bits external data bus, 32 bits address bus

    • Addressable Memory: 4 Gigabytes

    • 3.200.000 transistor (0,6 micron)

    • 296 pin (PGA)


Processor intel13

Processor Intel

  • Pentium 133, 150, 166, 200

    • Clock Speed 133 MHz (218,9 MIPS), 150 MHz, 166 MHz, 200 MHz

    • Bus width: 64 bits external data bus, 32 bits address bus

    • Addressable Memory: 4 Gigabytes

    • 3.300.000 transistor (0,35 micron)

    • 296 pin (PGA)


Processor intel14

Processor Intel

  • Pentium 166, 200, 233 with MMX

    • Clock Speed 200 MHz, 233 MHz

    • Bus width: 64 bits external data bus, 32 bits address bus

    • Addressable Memory: 4 Gigabytes

    • 4.500.000 transistor (0,35 micron)

    • 296 pin (PPGA)


Processor intel15

Processor Intel

  • Pentium Pro 150, 166, 180, 200

    • Clock Speed 150 MHz, 166 MHz, 180 MHz, 200 MHz

    • Integrated 256K - 512K L1-Cache

    • Bus width: 64 bits to L1-Cache

    • Addressable Memory: 64 Gigabytes

    • 5.500.000 transistor (0,35 micron)

    • 387 pin (DCPGA)


Processor intel16

Processor Intel

  • Intel Celeron

    • Clock Speed 266 MHz, 300 MHz

    • Bus width: 64 bits system bus

    • Bus speed: 66 Mhz

    • Addressable Memory: 4 Gigabytes

    • 7.500.000 transistor (0,25 micron)

    • 242 pin (SEPP)


Processor intel17

Processor Intel

  • Intel Celeron 333

    • Clock Speed 333 MHz

    • Bus width: 64 bits system bus

    • Bus speed: 66 Mhz

    • Addressable Memory: 4 Gigabytes

    • 19.000.000 transistor (0,25 micron)

    • 242 pin (SEPP)


Processor intel18

Processor Intel

  • Intel Celeron

    • Clock Speed: 366 MHz, 400 MHz, 433 MHz, 466 MHz, 500 Mhz, 533 MHz

    • Bus width: 64 bits system bus

    • Bus speed: 66 Mhz

    • Addressable Memory: 4 Gigabytes

    • 19.000.000 transistor (0,25 micron)

    • 370 pin (PPGA), 242 pin (SEPP)


Processor intel19

Processor Intel

  • Intel Celeron

    • Clock Speed: 566 MHz, 600 MHz, 633 MHz, 667 MHz, 700 Mhz, 733 MHz, 1 GHz, 1.1 GHz

    • 128 KB L1-Cache

    • Bus speed: 100 Mhz

    • Addressable Memory: 4 Gigabytes

    • 19.000.000 transistor (0,25 micron)

    • FCPGA


Processor intel20

Processor Intel

  • Pentium II

    • Clock Speed: 333 MHz, 350 MHz, 400 MHz 450 MHz

    • 512 KB L1-Cache dengan ECC

    • Bus speed: 100 Mhz

    • Addressable Memory: 64 Gigabytes

    • 7.500.000 transistor (0,25 micron)

    • 242 pin (SEC)


Processor intel21

Processor Intel

  • Pentium II Xeon

    • Clock Speed: 400 MHz 450 MHz

    • 512 KB, 1 MB, dan 2 MB L1-Cache

    • Bus speed: 100 Mhz

    • Addressable Memory: 64 Gigabytes

    • 7.500.000 transistor (0,25 micron)

    • 242 pin (SEC)

    • Didisain untuk server


Processor intel22

Processor Intel

  • Pentium !!!

    • Clock Speed: 450 MHz, 500 MHz, 533 MHz, 550 MHz, 600 MHz, 650 MHz, 667 MHz, 700 MHz, 733 MHz, 866/850 MHz, 933 MHz, 1.0 GHz

    • 256 KB L1-Cache

    • Bus speed: 100 Mhz dan 133 MHz

    • Addressable Memory: 64 Gigabytes

    • 28.000.000 transistor (0,18 micron)

    • FCPGA


Processor intel23

Processor Intel

  • Pentium 4

    • Clock Speed:

      • 533MHz system bus: 2.80 GHz, 2.66 GHz, 2.53 GHz, 2.40B GHz, 2.26 GHz

      • 400MHz system bus: 2.60 GHz, 2.50 GHz, 2.40 GHz, 2.20 GHz, 2A GHz, 2 GHz, 1.90 GHz, 1.80 GHz, 1.70 GHz

    • Hyper Pipelining

    • Rapid execution engine

    • Streaming SIMD Extentions 2

    • Enhanced floating point/multimedia

  • http://www4.tomshardware.com/cpu/00q4/001120/index.html


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