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Fundamentalism. From Secular to Sacred Psychosocial & Socioeconomic Perspective What Is To Be Done? By Tahir M. Qazi, MD. History & Definition. Protestants Conference in Niagara Falls, NY Scopes Trial (Monkey Trial) 1925 Theory of Natural Selection Under Fire

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Presentation Transcript
fundamentalism
Fundamentalism

From Secular to Sacred

Psychosocial & Socioeconomic Perspective

What Is To Be Done?

By

Tahir M. Qazi, MD

history definition
History & Definition
  • Protestants Conference in Niagara Falls, NY
  • Scopes Trial (Monkey Trial) 1925
  • Theory of Natural Selection Under Fire
  • Ideology & Use of Violent/Non-violent means
slide4

Modes of Human Thinking &

Corresponding Philosophic Conceptions

Dogmatic

Semi-Dogmatic

Rationalist

Fundamentalism

??

Humanism/Secularism

slide5

Fundamentalism As a Set of Values

  • Self Righteousness
  • Narcissism
  • Proselytizing
  • Dogmatic Thinking
slide6

An Unsocialized Horror

  • Destructive of Property
  • Unable to Share Possessions
  • Insistent & Demanding for Gratification
  • Violent & Uninhibited in Display of Feelings
  • Fundamentalist
  • Militant Fundamentalist
  • None of the Above
slide7

Personality Theories are NOT appropriate for understanding fundamentalism

Psycho-social Models hold better promise

For understanding Fundamentalism

slide8

Religious Fundamentalism Scale

Individual Behavior

Sociopolitical Behavior

  • Authoritarian Submission
  • Sanctioned Aggression
  • Commitment to Conventions

Altemeyers; Page 380

proselytizing
Proselytizing

Fundamentalist Parents to a teenager:

S/he had been raised in a non-religious Family.

Thinking to be religious. What would you advise?

Atheist Parents to a teenager:

S/he had been raised in a religious Family.

Thinking to become an atheist. What would you advise?

slide10

98% religious parents

Try to lead teen to their faith

________________________

18% Atheist Parents

Try to lead teen to their atheism

80% Atheist Parents Responded:

“They would encourage the teen to search among

Alternatives beliefs and decide for yourself”

slide11

Atheists are not insecure

  • Atheists are open to modern changes

Atheistic Fundamentalism is not a valid construct

slide12

Fundamentalism is an Attitude

Towards Belief (Ideology)

Role of Social Conditions in

Determination of Behavior

Learned Behavior

fundamentalism violence
Fundamentalism & Violence

Protestant fundamentalists in the US fought for their ideology in the court of law

Taliban in Afghanistan resorted to violence

Why?

slide15

Fundamentalist Values

vs

Secular Values

slide16

Self Expression

  • Gender Relations
  • Homosexuality
  • Civil Liberties
  • Political Structure
slide17

Cultural Theorists: Max Weber to Sam Huntington

“Cultural Values have enduring and

Autonomous influence on the society”

Economic Theorists: Karl Marx to Daniel Bell

“Socioeconomic development brings

pervasive changes in the society”

slide24

Sequence of Human Development

Existential Security

Economic Change

Self-Expression Values

Cultural Change

Democratic Institutions

Political Change

Modernism, Cultural Change & Democracy: Page 134

slide25

Value Change

Fundamentalism to Secularism?

Existential security

Economic Justice

Education

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