Nav Sci 421. The Battle of Marathon 490 B.C. Capt T. B. Pochop Marine Officer Instructor. Learning Objectives. Understand the battle of Marathon as it pertains to the Levels of War (Policy, Strategy, Operational, and Tactical).
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Nav Sci 421
The Battle of Marathon490 B.C.
Capt T. B. Pochop
Marine Officer Instructor
Hoplon 32-40” diam.
Leaf blade ~2’
Led by Miltiades & Callimachus
Shock Action/No firepower
Unbreakable front, vulnerable flanks.
Led by Darius
Datis - Army Cmdr
Artaphernes - Navy Cmdr
Missile power, no shock.
By land, supported logistically by the navy.
Persian strength - Army
Not limited on the number of troops
Long, difficult, time consuming route.
By sea, with an amphibious landing.
Persia is not a naval power.
Size of invasion force limited by transport capacity.
Sack Eretria first. (Amphib Raid)
Force the enemy to react to you.
Amphib Operations as a form of envelopment.
The influence of terrain and geography.
Landing is rarely the key problem
Seize the Initiative
Maneuver – put the enemy at a disadvantage.
Persians – Frontal Attack
Athenians – Double Envelopment