Nav Sci 421. The Battle of Marathon 490 B.C. Capt T. B. Pochop Marine Officer Instructor. Learning Objectives . Understand the battle of Marathon as it pertains to the Levels of War (Policy, Strategy, Operational, and Tactical).
Capt T. B. Pochop
Marine Officer Instructor
Hoplon 32-40” diam.
Leaf blade ~2’
Led by Miltiades & Callimachus
Shock Action/No firepower
Unbreakable front, vulnerable flanks.
Led by Darius
Datis - Army Cmdr
Artaphernes - Navy Cmdr
Missile power, no shock.Orientation
Persian strength - Army
Not limited on the number of troops
Long, difficult, time consuming route.
By sea, with an amphibious landing.
Persia is not a naval power.
Size of invasion force limited by transport capacity.How to get to the fight? Darius has 2 options:
Sack Eretria first. (Amphib Raid)
Force the enemy to react to you.
Amphib Operations as a form of envelopment.
The influence of terrain and geography.
Landing is rarely the key problem
Seize the Initiative
Maneuver – put the enemy at a disadvantage.
Persians – Frontal Attack
Athenians – Double Envelopment