“HIV does not cause AIDS”
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“HIV does not cause AIDS” and why we should care about AIDS Denialism. Denial means many things. Denial… refusal to recognize or acknowledge a problem. Denial… assertion that something said, believed, alleged, etc., is false:. Denial…

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“HIV does not cause AIDS” and why we should care about AIDS Denialism

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“HIV does not cause AIDS” and why we should care about AIDS Denialism


Denial means many things


Denial…

refusal to recognize or acknowledge a problem


Denial…

assertion that something said, believed, alleged, etc., is false:


Denial…

defense mechanism to reduce anxiety by blocking intolerable thoughts and feelings


Mass Denial – social response to widespread trauma…war, genocide, disaster, plague


Denialism

Refusal to accept an empirically verifiable reality… propagates denial based on false pretenses and misinformation


“Our view is really simple…

HIV does not cause AIDS and HIV/AIDS may not exist at all.

The burden of proof should rest on the mainstream which is why the most important thing dissidents should be doing is merely asking questions.

It doesn't take long to realize that the mainstream can't answer our questions which proves their theories are full of holes.”

Source Maggiore, AIDS Myth Exposed, October 19, 2009


What are the AIDS Denialists saying?

….in their own words


Denialists undermine HIV Treatment


Denialists sell “non-toxic” AIDS cures

Gary Null, Vitamin Entrepreneur and AIDS denialist

“Zinc is necessary for preventing and fighting diseases ranging from the common cold to AIDS.”


Denialists propagate pseudoscience

Dr. Matthias RathVitamin Entrepreneur and AIDS denialist


Denialists try to influence public opinion

Earth Day Exhibit, Orlando, 2009


Denialists campaign against AIDS Charities


Are AIDS denialists really harming anyone?

AIDS Denialist Clark Baker with Karri Stokely, 2008


Kelly Landis

Died December 2007

“a SAME-SEX=SIN=SICKNESS mindset (has) lead to the unquestioned acceptance of the HIV=AIDS=DEATH paradigm”


Jerry Collinard

Died July 2009

Board member of San Diego HEAL. In 2001 he referred to himself as an ‘AIDS dissident’


Michael Bellefountaine

Died May 2007

David Pasquarelli

Died March 2004


Lambros Papantoniou

Died May 2009

“Lambros attracted the attention of Andrew Maniotis, a scientist and AIDS denialist. Instead of his prescribed medicine, he was convinced to consume Maniotis-promoted vitamins.”


Christine Maggiore

Died December 2008

Eliza Jane Scovill

Died May 2005


Denying the Death of Christine Maggiore

“It's horrible! Maggiore should never have watched it. Seeing this made the stress factor a much more stronger contributor to Maggiore's death. I used to think that a psychological stress factor wasn't really necessary to explain her recent death but now it appears inevitable to me that it played a significant role.”

Sadun Kal http://forums.aidsmythexposed.com


Official AIDS Denialism Report on

the Death of Christine Maggiore

Performed by Mohammed Ali Al-Bayati, PhD, DABT, DABVT

“Christine suffered fatal renal failure caused by antibiotics, antiviral, and calcium received

during the 9 days prior to her death.”

“Christine did not suffer from any AIDS indicator illness during the 2 years prior to her death and at the time of her death.”

Posted December 9, 2009, www.rethinkingaids.com


350,000 South Africans died and 35,000 infants infected as a result of failure to roll out HIV treatments between 2000 and 2005

Chigwedere et al., 2008, JAIDS

Former South African President Thabo Mbeki and Christine Maggiore, 2000


Reliability of AIDS Denialism’s Impact in South Africa

Nattrass, 2009, AIDS and Behavior


Why would anyone NOT listen to

AIDS denialists?

Why would anyone listen to

AIDS denialists?


“Rex always said Christine was his heroine; she called him in the hospital urging him to stay the dissident course and not take the drugs…Now reality was staring us in the face and he was willing to look at it... I didn’t want to look; I wanted to pretend Christine was right, and HIV doesn’t cause AIDS. I wanted to pretend Rex would live.

"Speaking in Tongues": An Essay on AIDS Denial by John Boucher


Model of AIDS Denialism Vulnerability

HIV-Related

Trauma

(unacceptable risk

HIV+ test result

treatment failure

network deaths)

Effective Coping

(engagement in care

Informed decision making)

Adequate Coping Resources

Psychological vulnerability

Malignant Denial

(encapsulated delusion

prolonged escape

disengagement

misinformed decisions)

Initial Coping Response

(Denial)

Exposure to Denialism

Social Context

AIDS Stigma, Internet,

Medical Mistrust

Science Illiteracy


Studies of AIDS Denialism Vulnerability


  • Wald et al., 2009

  • 149 African-American primary care HIV clinic patients

  • 17% endorse the belief, “HIV does not cause AIDS.”

  • Belief that HIV has not been proven to cause AIDS was associated with refusing ARV treatment, t = 2.57, p < .01


Kalichman et al., 2009

255 Men & 77 Women living with HIV in Atlanta

92% African-Amerian


Does holding AIDS denialist beliefs relate to demographic and health status?

Do not believe there is a debate among scientists regarding HIV causing AIDS (n=220, 64%)

Believe there is a debate among scientists regarding HIV causing AIDS (n=123, 36%)


Health status and believing there is a Debate on HIV causing AIDS

Note: * p < .05


Reasons why participants are not taking HIV treatments

Note: among 150 participants not on treatment; * p < .05


Is Internet use related to AIDS Denial beliefs?


Demographic and health characteristics of less and more frequent Internet users

Note: * p < .05


AIDS Denialist Beliefs among less and more frequent Internet users

Note: * p < .05


Participants read 3 Internet passages; 1 Control + 2 AIDS Denialist.

Indicated whether they planned to search for more information from the source.

Rated the passages for believability and trustworthiness (0-to-10 scale)

Does interest in AIDS Denialist websites relate to AIDS denialist beliefs?


Tufts School of Medicine “Choose Snacks that work for you”

Rath International: “Micronutrients Help Control AIDS”

Jonathan Campbell; “A Cure for AIDS?” “immune enhancing nutrients, vitamin C


Model of AIDS Denialism Vulnerability

HIV-Related

Trauma

(unacceptable risk

HIV+ test result

treatment failure

network deaths)

Effective Coping

(engagement in care

Informed decision making)

Adequate Coping Resources

Psychological vulnerability

Malignant Denial

(encapsulated delusion

prolonged escape

disengagement

misinformed decisions)

Initial Coping Response

(Denial)

Exposure to Denialism

Social Context

AIDS Stigma, Internet,

Medical Mistrust

Science Illiteracy


Points of Intervention

Highly Resourced Support & Follow-up

HIV-Related

Trauma

Coping Effectiveness Training

Psychological vulnerability

Initial Coping Response

Effective Coping

Exposure to Denialism

Critical Thinking Skills Builiding

Public Health Education

Academic Accountability

Social Context

AIDS Stigma, Internet,

Medical Mistrust

Science Illiteracy


Conclusions

AIDS denialist beliefs are prevalent among people living with HIV/AIDS

The Internet plays a critical role in disseminating AIDS denialism

Interventions are needed to address denialist beliefs and maladaptive coping


Denying AIDS

All royalties buy HIV treatments in Africa

Denying AIDS

Conspiracy Theories, Pseudoscience, and Human Tragedy

For more on AIDS Denial

http://denyingaids.blogspot.com

www.AIDSTruth.org


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