PAST PERFECT TENSE. PAST PERFECT TENSE. USE: When two action occurred in the past. Speak the first action in past perfect tense. Speak the second action in simple past. EXPLANATION. LET US LEARN The train had left before we reached the station
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PAST PERFECT TENSE
PAST PERFECT TENSE
LET US LEARN
The train had left before we reached the station
The patient had died before the doctor arrived.
In the above sentences 1. the first action = THE TRAIN HAD LEFT
2. The first action = THE PATIENT HAD DIED
NOTE: The action happened first is in PAST PERFECT TENSE and
the second action is in SIMPLE PAST
SUBJECT + HAD + PAST PARTCIPLE (The third form of the verb)
NEGATIVE FORM: HAD + NOT
CONTRACTION = HADN’T
STRUCTURE: SUB JECT + HAD NOT + PASTPARTICIPLE
EXAMPLE: The train had not arrived at the station when we reached
INTERROGATIVE IS FORMED BY PLACING HAD BEFORE THE SUBJECT
NOTE: Place a question mark at the end of interrogatives.
FORM: HAD + SUBJECT + PAST PARTICIPLE
Example: Had the train arrived before you reached?
NOTE: The helping verb had remains the same with first ,second or third person
singular or plural.
I had known him
He/ she had know n him
We/ you had known him.
Conjugate the verb in bracket in the past perfect tense
Expressions used in past perfect tense
‘Before’, ‘already’ , ‘for ‘and ‘by the time’
By THE TIME: 1. By the time he asked me, I had completed everything he
2. They had eaten by the time he walked into the room.
FOR: 1. Susan had worked as an assistant manager for five years before
she was promoted.
2. They had lived in that house for ten years before he moved in with
ALREADY: 1. They had already completed the work when he arrived. 2. She hadn't been able to eat lunch before he telephoned.
Choose the correct time or quantity expression used with the past perfect tense.