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Noun: A content work that qualifies the meaning of a noun or a verb. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Noun: A content work that qualifies the meaning of a noun or a verb. Looking under the bed, my birthday gift was spotted . -Looking under the bed, I spotted my birthday gift . Wrapped in silver foil, I ate my hamburger . -I ate my hamburger that had been wrapped in silver foil .

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  • Looking under the bed, my birthday gift was spotted a verb..

    -Looking under the bed, I spotted my birthday gift.

  • Wrapped in silver foil, I ate my hamburger.

    -I ate my hamburger that had been wrapped in silver foil.

  • Shining in the distance, I saw a star.

    -I saw a star shining in the distance.


Limiting Modifiers: a verb.

  • Only, Just, Even, Almost, and Nearly

    -Limiting modifiers should be before the word they modify.

  • Doctors in Buffalo, New Yorkjust recently conducted a study.

  • The doctors studied nearly50 students taking medication for procrastination.

  • A planner was given to only halfthe students.



  • The meaning, because the modifier is modifying another object.bartender served beer to the patrons in a glass.

  • -The bartender served beer in a glass to the patrons.

  • Johnny Knoxville ate tacos with dirty hands.

  • -With dirty hands, Johnny Knoxville ate burgers.


Awkwardly Placed Modifiers meaning, because the modifier is modifying another object.

Awkward sentence:

Harry, studying for his O.W.L.S., was interrupted by a dragon.

Studying for his O.W.L.S., Harry was interrupted by a dragon.

Keep it simple!


  • Subject+Verb+Modifier+Object meaning, because the modifier is modifying another object.

  • Ron received an embarrassing howler.

  • The modifier should always go right next to the object it’s modifying.

  • An adverb should NEVER separate a verb from its object!


  • What is an infinitive? meaning, because the modifier is modifying another object.

    An infinitive consists of “to” and the base form of a verb.

  • Examples: to laugh, to read, to think.




When both splitting infinitives and not splitting infinitives sound alright.

Alright: He asked to quickly go to the library.

Better: He asked to go to the library quickly.



  • Participial phrase sentence.

  • -Deciding to play college football, Mr. and Mrs. Wright hugged Andrew.

  • -When Andrew decided to play college football, Mr. and Mrs. Wright hugged him.

  • Preposition followed by a gerund phrase

  • -After becoming a princess, the paparazzi followed her.

  • -After becoming a princess, Diana was followed by paparazzi.


Common Kinds of Dangling Modifiers sentence.

  • Infinitive phrase

  • -To pass the test, the review should be completed.

  • -To pass the test, Abby had to complete the review.

  • Elliptical clause

  • -Though not an official member, the band welcomed Sally with open arms.

  • -Though Sally wasn’t an official member, the bank welcomed her with open arms.


  • Name the actor in the modifier sentence.

  • Name the actor in the subject of the sentence

    Don’t Forget: You can’t fix a dangling modifier just by moving it.


  • To pass the test, the review should be completed. sentence.

  • A) Split infinitive

  • B) Misplaced modifier

  • C) Dangling modifier – correct answer

  • D) Limiting modifier

  • He urged me to if possible visit the museum

  • A) Limiting modifier

  • B) Split infinitive – correct answer

  • C) Misplaced modifier

  • D) Dangling modifier


  • Wrapped in silver foil, I ate my hamburger sentence.

  • A) Misplaced modifier – correct answer

  • B) Split infinitive

  • C) Dangling modifier

  • D) Limiting modifier

  • A planner was given to only half the students.

  • A) Dangling modifier

  • B) Limiting modifier – correct answer

  • C) Split infinitive

  • D) Misplaced modifier


  • The fire fighter raced into the building, sweating profusely.

  • A) Misplaced modifier – correct answer

  • B) Limiting modifier

  • C) Dangling modifier

  • D) Split infinitive

  • After becoming a princess, the paparazzi followed her.

  • A) Limiting modifier

  • B) Split infinitive

  • C) Misplaced modifier

  • D) Dangling modifier – correct answer


  • Looking under the bed, my birthday gift was spotted profusely.

  • A) Dangling modifier

  • B) Limiting modifier

  • C) Split modifier

  • D) Misplaced modifier – correct answer

  • He asked to quickly go to the library.

  • A) Split infinitive – correct answer

  • B) Misplaced modifier

  • C) Dangling modifier

  • D) Limiting modifier


  • The bartender served beer to the patrons in a glass. profusely.

  • A) Dangling modifier

  • B) Limiting modifier

  • C) Misplaced modifier – correct answer

  • D) Split infinitive

  • Deciding to play college football, Mr. and Mrs. Wright hugged Andrew.

  • A) Split infinitive

  • B) Limiting modifier

  • C) Dangling modifier – correct answer

  • D) Misplaced modifier


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