Noun a content work that qualifies the meaning of a noun or a verb
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Noun: A content work that qualifies the meaning of a noun or a verb. PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Noun: A content work that qualifies the meaning of a noun or a verb. Looking under the bed, my birthday gift was spotted . -Looking under the bed, I spotted my birthday gift . Wrapped in silver foil, I ate my hamburger . -I ate my hamburger that had been wrapped in silver foil .

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Noun: A content work that qualifies the meaning of a noun or a verb.

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Noun a content work that qualifies the meaning of a noun or a verb

  • Noun: A content work that qualifies the meaning of a noun or a verb.


Noun a content work that qualifies the meaning of a noun or a verb

  • Looking under the bed, my birthday gift was spotted.

    -Looking under the bed, I spotted my birthday gift.

  • Wrapped in silver foil, I ate my hamburger.

    -I ate my hamburger that had been wrapped in silver foil.

  • Shining in the distance, I saw a star.

    -I saw a star shining in the distance.


Noun a content work that qualifies the meaning of a noun or a verb

Limiting Modifiers:

  • Only, Just, Even, Almost, and Nearly

    -Limiting modifiers should be before the word they modify.

  • Doctors in Buffalo, New Yorkjust recently conducted a study.

  • The doctors studied nearly50 students taking medication for procrastination.

  • A planner was given to only halfthe students.


Noun a content work that qualifies the meaning of a noun or a verb

  • A misplaced modifier can result in a completely different meaning, because the modifier is modifying another object.

    -Example: The fire fighter raced into the building, sweating profusely.

    Sweating profusely, the fire fighter raced into the building.


Noun a content work that qualifies the meaning of a noun or a verb

  • The bartender served beer to the patrons in a glass.

  • -The bartender served beer in a glass to the patrons.

  • Johnny Knoxville ate tacos with dirty hands.

  • -With dirty hands, Johnny Knoxville ate burgers.


Noun a content work that qualifies the meaning of a noun or a verb

Awkwardly Placed Modifiers

Awkward sentence:

Harry, studying for his O.W.L.S., was interrupted by a dragon.

Studying for his O.W.L.S., Harry was interrupted by a dragon.

Keep it simple!


Noun a content work that qualifies the meaning of a noun or a verb

  • Subject+Verb+Modifier+Object

  • Ron received an embarrassing howler.

  • The modifier should always go right next to the object it’s modifying.

  • An adverb should NEVER separate a verb from its object!


Noun a content work that qualifies the meaning of a noun or a verb

  • What is an infinitive?

    An infinitive consists of “to” and the base form of a verb.

  • Examples: to laugh, to read, to think.


Noun a content work that qualifies the meaning of a noun or a verb

  • Splitting an infinitive occurs when a modifier is placed between “to” and the verb.

  • Awkward: He urged me to if possible visit the museum.

  • Better: He urged me to visit the museum if possible.


Noun a content work that qualifies the meaning of a noun or a verb

  • Using split infinitives to avoid awkwardness

  • Awkward: We wanted actually to go to the park for once.

  • Better: We wanted to actually go to the park for once.


Noun a content work that qualifies the meaning of a noun or a verb

When both splitting infinitives and not splitting infinitives sound alright.

Alright: He asked to quickly go to the library.

Better: He asked to go to the library quickly.


Noun a content work that qualifies the meaning of a noun or a verb

  • A modifier that doesn’t refer to anything specific in the sentence.

  • They suggest but don’t name an actor.

  • Examples

  • -After going to the library, the essay was finished.

  • -Did the essay go to the library?

  • -While eating lunch, the electricity went out.

  • -Was the electricity eating lunch?


Noun a content work that qualifies the meaning of a noun or a verb

  • Participial phrase

  • -Deciding to play college football, Mr. and Mrs. Wright hugged Andrew.

  • -When Andrew decided to play college football, Mr. and Mrs. Wright hugged him.

  • Preposition followed by a gerund phrase

  • -After becoming a princess, the paparazzi followed her.

  • -After becoming a princess, Diana was followed by paparazzi.


Noun a content work that qualifies the meaning of a noun or a verb

Common Kinds of Dangling Modifiers

  • Infinitive phrase

  • -To pass the test, the review should be completed.

  • -To pass the test, Abby had to complete the review.

  • Elliptical clause

  • -Though not an official member, the band welcomed Sally with open arms.

  • -Though Sally wasn’t an official member, the bank welcomed her with open arms.


Noun a content work that qualifies the meaning of a noun or a verb

  • Name the actor in the modifier

  • Name the actor in the subject of the sentence

    Don’t Forget: You can’t fix a dangling modifier just by moving it.


Noun a content work that qualifies the meaning of a noun or a verb

  • To pass the test, the review should be completed.

  • A)Split infinitive

  • B)Misplaced modifier

  • C)Dangling modifier – correct answer

  • D) Limiting modifier

  • He urged me to if possible visit the museum

  • A)Limiting modifier

  • B)Split infinitive – correct answer

  • C)Misplaced modifier

  • D)Dangling modifier


Noun a content work that qualifies the meaning of a noun or a verb

  • Wrapped in silver foil, I ate my hamburger

  • A)Misplaced modifier – correct answer

  • B)Split infinitive

  • C)Dangling modifier

  • D)Limiting modifier

  • A planner was given to only half the students.

  • A)Dangling modifier

  • B)Limiting modifier – correct answer

  • C)Split infinitive

  • D)Misplaced modifier


Noun a content work that qualifies the meaning of a noun or a verb

  • The fire fighter raced into the building, sweating profusely.

  • A)Misplaced modifier – correct answer

  • B)Limiting modifier

  • C)Dangling modifier

  • D)Split infinitive

  • After becoming a princess, the paparazzi followed her.

  • A)Limiting modifier

  • B)Split infinitive

  • C)Misplaced modifier

  • D)Dangling modifier – correct answer


Noun a content work that qualifies the meaning of a noun or a verb

  • Looking under the bed, my birthday gift was spotted

  • A)Dangling modifier

  • B)Limiting modifier

  • C)Split modifier

  • D)Misplaced modifier – correct answer

  • He asked to quickly go to the library.

  • A)Split infinitive – correct answer

  • B)Misplaced modifier

  • C)Dangling modifier

  • D)Limiting modifier


Noun a content work that qualifies the meaning of a noun or a verb

  • The bartender served beer to the patrons in a glass.

  • A)Dangling modifier

  • B)Limiting modifier

  • C)Misplaced modifier – correct answer

  • D)Split infinitive

  • Deciding to play college football, Mr. and Mrs. Wright hugged Andrew.

  • A)Split infinitive

  • B)Limiting modifier

  • C)Dangling modifier – correct answer

  • D)Misplaced modifier


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