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Noun: A content work that qualifies the meaning of a noun or a verb.

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Noun: A content work that qualifies the meaning of a noun or a verb. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Noun: A content work that qualifies the meaning of a noun or a verb. Looking under the bed, my birthday gift was spotted . -Looking under the bed, I spotted my birthday gift . Wrapped in silver foil, I ate my hamburger . -I ate my hamburger that had been wrapped in silver foil .

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Presentation Transcript
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Looking under the bed, my birthday gift was spotted.

-Looking under the bed, I spotted my birthday gift.

  • Wrapped in silver foil, I ate my hamburger.

-I ate my hamburger that had been wrapped in silver foil.

  • Shining in the distance, I saw a star.

-I saw a star shining in the distance.

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Limiting Modifiers:

  • Only, Just, Even, Almost, and Nearly

-Limiting modifiers should be before the word they modify.

  • Doctors in Buffalo, New Yorkjust recently conducted a study.
  • The doctors studied nearly50 students taking medication for procrastination.
  • A planner was given to only halfthe students.
slide5

A misplaced modifier can result in a completely different meaning, because the modifier is modifying another object.

-Example: The fire fighter raced into the building, sweating profusely.

Sweating profusely, the fire fighter raced into the building.

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The bartender served beer to the patrons in a glass.

  • -The bartender served beer in a glass to the patrons.
  • Johnny Knoxville ate tacos with dirty hands.
  • -With dirty hands, Johnny Knoxville ate burgers.
slide7

Awkwardly Placed Modifiers

Awkward sentence:

Harry, studying for his O.W.L.S., was interrupted by a dragon.

Studying for his O.W.L.S., Harry was interrupted by a dragon.

Keep it simple!

slide8

Subject+Verb+Modifier+Object

  • Ron received an embarrassing howler.
  • The modifier should always go right next to the object it’s modifying.
  • An adverb should NEVER separate a verb from its object!
slide9

What is an infinitive?

An infinitive consists of “to” and the base form of a verb.

  • Examples: to laugh, to read, to think.
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Splitting an infinitive occurs when a modifier is placed between “to” and the verb.

  • Awkward: He urged me to if possible visit the museum.
  • Better: He urged me to visit the museum if possible.
slide11

Using split infinitives to avoid awkwardness

  • Awkward: We wanted actually to go to the park for once.
  • Better: We wanted to actually go to the park for once.
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When both splitting infinitives and not splitting infinitives sound alright.

Alright: He asked to quickly go to the library.

Better: He asked to go to the library quickly.

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A modifier that doesn’t refer to anything specific in the sentence.

  • They suggest but don’t name an actor.
  • Examples
  • -After going to the library, the essay was finished.
  • -Did the essay go to the library?
  • -While eating lunch, the electricity went out.
  • -Was the electricity eating lunch?
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Participial phrase

  • -Deciding to play college football, Mr. and Mrs. Wright hugged Andrew.
  • -When Andrew decided to play college football, Mr. and Mrs. Wright hugged him.
  • Preposition followed by a gerund phrase
  • -After becoming a princess, the paparazzi followed her.
  • -After becoming a princess, Diana was followed by paparazzi.
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Common Kinds of Dangling Modifiers

  • Infinitive phrase
  • -To pass the test, the review should be completed.
  • -To pass the test, Abby had to complete the review.
  • Elliptical clause
  • -Though not an official member, the band welcomed Sally with open arms.
  • -Though Sally wasn’t an official member, the bank welcomed her with open arms.
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Name the actor in the modifier

  • Name the actor in the subject of the sentence

Don’t Forget: You can’t fix a dangling modifier just by moving it.

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To pass the test, the review should be completed.

  • A) Split infinitive
  • B) Misplaced modifier
  • C) Dangling modifier – correct answer
  • D) Limiting modifier
  • He urged me to if possible visit the museum
  • A) Limiting modifier
  • B) Split infinitive – correct answer
  • C) Misplaced modifier
  • D) Dangling modifier
slide18

Wrapped in silver foil, I ate my hamburger

  • A) Misplaced modifier – correct answer
  • B) Split infinitive
  • C) Dangling modifier
  • D) Limiting modifier
  • A planner was given to only half the students.
  • A) Dangling modifier
  • B) Limiting modifier – correct answer
  • C) Split infinitive
  • D) Misplaced modifier
slide19

The fire fighter raced into the building, sweating profusely.

  • A) Misplaced modifier – correct answer
  • B) Limiting modifier
  • C) Dangling modifier
  • D) Split infinitive
  • After becoming a princess, the paparazzi followed her.
  • A) Limiting modifier
  • B) Split infinitive
  • C) Misplaced modifier
  • D) Dangling modifier – correct answer
slide20

Looking under the bed, my birthday gift was spotted

  • A) Dangling modifier
  • B) Limiting modifier
  • C) Split modifier
  • D) Misplaced modifier – correct answer
  • He asked to quickly go to the library.
  • A) Split infinitive – correct answer
  • B) Misplaced modifier
  • C) Dangling modifier
  • D) Limiting modifier
slide21

The bartender served beer to the patrons in a glass.

  • A) Dangling modifier
  • B) Limiting modifier
  • C) Misplaced modifier – correct answer
  • D) Split infinitive
  • Deciding to play college football, Mr. and Mrs. Wright hugged Andrew.
  • A) Split infinitive
  • B) Limiting modifier
  • C) Dangling modifier – correct answer
  • D) Misplaced modifier
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