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Introduction. Define Global Warming Greenhouse Effect The Father of Global Warming Protagonist views Al Gore Research and Data Antagonist views Climate-gate. Global Warming. The worldwide rise in average surface temperatures Thought to be caused by the Greenhouse Effect.

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Introduction

Introduction

  • Define Global Warming

  • Greenhouse Effect

  • The Father of Global Warming

  • Protagonist views

  • Al Gore

  • Research and Data

  • Antagonist views

  • Climate-gate


Global warming

Global Warming

  • The worldwide rise in average surface temperatures

  • Thought to be caused by the Greenhouse Effect


The greenhouse effect

The Greenhouse Effect

The ability of gases in the atmosphere to slow down the release of heat into space at night


Greenhouse gases

Greenhouse Gases


The greenhouse effect1

The Greenhouse Effect

It is essential to life!

Other wise it would be 225°F in the day & -243°F at night.


The greenhouse effect2

The Greenhouse Effect

The burning of fossil fuels increases the concentration of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere


Other variables

Other variables


The father of global warming

The Father of Global Warming

Columbia University geochemist Wally Broecker is thought to be the father of Global Warming


Introduction

PROTAGONISTS


Al gore

Al Gore

  • Host of the film “An Inconvenient Truth”

  • Former Vice President of the United States

  • Two time Presidential Candidate (1988 and 2000)

  • Nobel Peace Prize Winner

  • Took the initiative in creating the Internet


Al gore on global warming

Al Gore on Global Warming

Global warming, along with the cutting and burning of forests and other critical habitats, is causing the loss of living species at a level comparable to the extinction event that wiped out the dinosaurs 65 million years ago. That event was believed to have been caused by a giant asteroid. This time it is not an asteroid colliding with the Earth and wreaking havoc: it is us." — Al Gore


Mapping out temperature change

Mapping out temperature change

From: http://www.global-greenhouse-warming.com/graphs-diagrams-of-global-warming-and-climate.html


Carbon dioxide

Carbon Dioxide

Allows sunlight and heat into the

atmosphere, but doesn't let it get

out, causing the Earth to heat up.

So what about the other gases?


Methane

Methane

  • That remains in the atmosphere for approximately 9-15 years.

  • Methane is over 20 times more effective in trapping heat in the atmosphere than carbon dioxide (CO2) over a 100-year period.

  • Emitted from a variety of natural and human-influenced sources.

With the planetary effects of long-term human negligence exposing itself more and more everyday, experts are now experimenting with cow farts and burps in an attempt to curb global warming.


Cows get them before they get you

Cows – get them before they get you!

It’s not animal cruelty if you are saving the planet.

Certain environmentalists want to tax farmers and ranchers for the total number of cattle they own to offset their Methane output.


Nitrous oxide

Nitrous Oxide

  • Nitrous Oxide (N20) is clear, colorless gas

  • Lifetime of N2O is 120 years

  • It’s heat trapping is 310% more than CO2

  • Removed by photolysis

  • N2O has natural and human-related sources

  • Some Sources include:

    • Agricultural soil management

    • Mobile and stationary combustion of fossil fuel

    • Adipic acid & nitric acid production

    • Biologically

    • 60% of N20 is natural


Introduction

ANTAGONISTS


Current views

Current Views

  • The global temperature has risen 0.6° ± 0.2 °C.

  • More evidence shows increase in CO2 and Methane.

  • If we continue the temperatures will increase 1.4°C to 5.8°C in the next 100 years and include more extreme weather.


Antagonistic views

Antagonistic Views

  • IPCC Data is inaccurate

  • Warming is natural

  • Cause of warming unknown

  • Warming has few negative effects


Ipcc data is inaccurate

IPCC data is inaccurate

Climate-Gate Controversy:

  • Unethical Graph

  • CRU’s data base was hacked in late 2009.

  • Included over 160 MB of emails, documents, and research.

  • Lacked research to create an accurate report.

Ethical Graph

Antonino Zichichi-- Emeritus professor of nuclear physics at the University of Bologna and president of the World Federation of Scientists


Responses

Responses

  • Email - “The fact is that we can’t account for the lack of warming at the moment and it is a travesty that we can’t.”(Revkin, A C.)

  • IPCC 2007 - ”Is one that holds under a variety of approaches, methods, models and assumptions, and is expected to be relatively unaffected by uncertainties.”(Henig, J.)

  • NY Times - ”They seem so focused on winning the public-relations war that they exaggerate their certitude — and ultimately undermine their own cause.”(Tierney, J.)


Warming is natural

Warming is natural

  • Solar Cycle chart

Khabibullo Abdusamatov, -- Mathematician and astronomer at Pulkovo Observatory of the Russian Academy of Sciences


Unknown

Unknown

25

  • “Portrayed that there isn’t a major catastrophe or death knell hanging before the world, but rather a comparison of loosely based ideas of climate models and the changes in CO2 levels which are uncertain hypothesis.”

John Christy -- Professor of atmospheric science and director of the Earth System Science Center at the University of Alabama in Huntsville


Beneficial

Beneficial

26

  • “If there is global warming caused by the increase of CO2 level that it would be a good thing because it would allow food, timber, and temperatures to provide a greater quality of life. Warming has been shown to positively impact human health.”

Craig Idso -- Faculty researcher, Office of Climatology, Arizona State University and founder of the Center for the Study of Carbon Dioxide and Global Change


Conclusion

Conclusion

  • Pew Research Poll

Overall we can see that if you take a careful look at some of the factors you can rule out that man has had a nil effect when contributing to warming trend. One scientist stated that there has been a 0.12% increase in CO2 levels and then states,“ It’s miniscule It’s nothing.”(Dialog, T.)

August H. "Augie" Auer Jr. – Retired New Zealand MetService Meteorologist, past professor of atmospheric science at the University of Wyoming


Thanks for attending

Thanks for Attending!


Global warming1

Global Warming?!


Global warming2

Global Warming?!


Al gore on global warming1

Al Gore on Global Warming


References

References

  • Renig, J. (2009, December 10, Corrected 2009, December 22). http://www.factcheck.org/2009/12/climategate/. Retrieved March 14, 2011, from FactCheck.org

  • Revkin, A C. Hacked E-mail Is New Fodder for Climate Dispute. NY Times, 20 Nov. 2009. Web. 14 Mar. 2011. <http://www.nytimes.com/2009/11/21/science/earth/21climate.html?_r=1>.

  • Tierney, J. "E-Mail Fracas Shows Peril of Trying to Spin Science." NY Times 30 Nov. 2009, New York: D1. NY Times. Web. 14 Mar. 2011 <http://www.nytimes.com/2009/12/01/science/01tier.html?_r=3&n=Top/News/Science/Columns/Findings>

  • Phillips, T. "New Solar Cycle Prediction." New Solar Cycle Prediction - NASA Science. NASA.gov, 29 May 2009. Web. 14 Mar. 2011. <http://science.nasa.gov/science-news/science-at-nasa/2009/29may_noaaprediction/>

  • Abdusamatov, K. "Russian academic says CO2 not to blame for global warming." RIA Novosti, 15 Jan. 2007. Web. 14 Mar. 2011. <http://en.rian.ru/russia/20070115/59078992.html>


References1

References

  • Christy, J. "My Noble Moment." Wall Street Journal (2007): A19. Web. 13 Mar. 2011. <http://online.wsj.com/public/article/SB119387567378878423.html>.

  • Idso, Craig. A Science-Based Rebuttal To The Testimony of Al Gore before United States Senate Environment & Public Woks Committee. Washington, D.C.: Center for the Study of Carbon Dioxide and Global Change - Craig Idso, 2007. Web(PDF). 15 Mar. 2011.

  • Smithson, J. "Global Warming and public opinion." Charts and Graphs: Global Warming and public opinion(Pew Research). Mid Knight Graphs, 22 Oct. 2009. Web. 14 Mar. 2011. <http://midknightgraphs.blogspot.com/search/label/Global_Warming_and_public_opinion_Pew_Research>.

  • Dialog, T. (2006, April 30). Auer Explains Why He Backs Climate Science Coalition. Retrieved March 14, 2011, from New Zealand Press Association website: http://www.tmcnet.com/usubmit/2006/04/30/1626112.htm

  • Abby Gruen, AG. (2010, August 08). N.j. scientist who coined 'global warming' term tries to avoid the limelight 35 years later. Retrieved from http://www.nj.com/business/index.ssf/2010/08/bergen_county_scientist_who_co.html

  • Disvocery Channel, DC. (n.d.). Global warming. Retrieved from http://dsc.discovery.com/convergence/globalwarming/globalwarming.html


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