Ch 2 – European Colonies. Section 3 – Puritan New England. Plymouth Colony Massachusetts Bay Colony. Shortly after the settlement at Jamestown,. other individuals in England were feeling the need to make the journey across the Atlantic to the New World …. for far different reasons!!.
Section 3 – Puritan New England
Shortly after the settlement at Jamestown,
other individuals in England were feeling the need to make the journey across the Atlantic to the New World…
for far different reasons!!
These people were known as Puritans, because they possessed a desire to “purify” the Church of England and get rid of all traces of Roman Catholic methods.
However, their ideas were radical; many thought they “went too far” in their ideas…
So they were ridiculed, hated on, and got rotten vegetables thrown at them…
Many fled to Holland, but were persecuted there as well….
So the idea to separate themselves entirely from European religion and society became appealing to some Puritan families….
These early Separatists would soon be known as the original Pilgrims. By 1620, they sailed in ships like the Mayflower to settle…
Plymouth Colony (at Plymouth Rock)
These early colonists, in creating the 2nd successful settlement after Jamestown, would become famous for 2 major things:
about how to find food, fish
local rivers, & plant crops…
in such a new, foreign, cold, and
unexplored land like Massachusetts.
Many faced starvation and disease, until
local Native Americans bailed them out.
The Pilgrims developed the first local democratic government in the New World.
It was based on “just and equal laws…for the good of the colony…”
and very basic,
It would eventually
have an impact on
the Founding Fathers
of the United States,
when deciding upon
a U.S. government
over 150 years later.
After the first group of Puritans settled at Plymouth, other groups of Puritans decided to follow their example…
John Winthrop, a Puritan leader, petitioned the King for a royal charter, permitting him to create a joint-stock company.
This would be called the Massachusetts Bay Company.
During this time period, rich people in Europe (in this case England), decided to put their money into an investment(in this case a colony) with the hopes of making more profit.
Since colonies require a lot of people, supplies, and money, these companies were the reason Jamestown and Massachusetts Bay colonies could be created.
It required the King’s permission to create the
Virginia Company and Massachusetts Bay Co.
By 1630, John Winthrop and 17 ships full of Puritan families settled around what is today Boston. It would become the capital city.
John Winthrop wanted this colony to be like a “city upon a hill”. What he meant was:
Colony’s 1st governor
Winthrop’s ideas for a close-knit
religious colony had 3 major impacts:
the Salem Witch Trials of 1692) for behaving
differently than the established Puritan
majority of the villages.3 results of a strict society
Many view the Puritans as hypocrites, because they ran away from persecution and intolerance in Europe,
but ended up persecuting and being intolerant towards those different than them in the colony they created.
Anne Hutchinson3 results of a strict society
Several Puritans dissented, meaning they spoke out against or rebelled against the strict policies of the colony.
The most well-known were:
Bunch of morons, I’m getting out of here!
Look, I’m pregnant with my 15th kid, and all I’m gettin’ from you haters is bad vibes.
I be da original girl power!!!
Those local Native Americans who refused to convert to Christianity or sell their land to Puritans of the colony were met with hostility and violence.
The Pequot War and King Philip’s War
Between 1637 and 1675, these 2 wars saw savage attacks on Puritan settlements, and the destruction / burning of native villages.
In the end, natives were either killed off or forced West. The severed head of Metacom, Wampanoag chief, was displayed in Plymouth as a trophy for 20 years.
Happy Thanksgiving right?
1. How did the settlement of Massachusetts Bay Colony differ from Plymouth Colony?
2. What was John Winthrop’s goal and why?
3. Why did some individuals dissent from the colony?