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South Africa - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Past to Present. South Africa. Location. The country is located in the southern end of Africa. The country is five times larger than Great Britain and three times the size of Texas. Population of South Africa . Black: 71% White: 16% Coloured (mixture of races: black/white/Asian) 10%

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Presentation Transcript
location
Location
  • The country is located in the southern end of Africa.
  • The country is five times larger than Great Britain and three times the size of Texas.
population of south africa
Population of South Africa
  • Black: 71%
  • White: 16%
  • Coloured (mixture of races: black/white/Asian) 10%
  • Asian 3%
brief history
Brief History
  • Colonized by English and Dutch in 17th century despite the existence of native groups
  • English domination of Dutch (Afrikaners) led to Dutch creating new colonies in 1795
  • 1900-Diamonds found in colonies led to English invasion and Boer War (Dutch vs. English)
  • After gaining independence from England (1910), Afrikaner National Party gained majority in 1940s
brief history continued
Brief History (continued)
  • 1948-National Party-invented apartheid to establish white domination and separate races further
  • 1960s- “Grand Apartheid” established- “territorial separation and police repression”
  • 1990 & 1991 – Government repealed all apartheid laws under Willem de Klerk
apartheid
Apartheid
  • Means “apartness”
  • South African system of government from 1948-1994
  • White minority population controlled the country
conditions of apartheid
Conditions of apartheid
  • Strict laws:
    • Restricted movement (passbooks)
    • Inferior education for blacks
    • Ban on interracial marriages
    • Segregation
    • Prohibited strikes by blacks
african national congress anc
African National Congress (ANC)
  • They advocated open resistance in the form of strikes, acts of public disobedience, and protest marches
  • They adopted a Freedom charter, which had a vision of non-racial democratic state
sharpeville massacre
Sharpeville Massacre
  • 5,000-7,000 people were protesting pass laws
  • Police opened fire on protesters. Killed 69 people and injured 180.
  • African National Congress (ANC) was banned as a result
how did the world react to apartheid
How did the World react to Apartheid?
  • A lot of countries boycotted
  • South Africa during Apartheid:
  • they refused to buy its products.
  • Film and pop stars refused
  • to perform in South Africa
how did the world react to apartheid cont
How did the World react to Apartheid? (cont)
  • South Africa was absent from international sport events for

most of the apartheid era due to sanctions

  • A lot of teams and champions

refused to compete either in

South Africa or against

South Africa

end of apartheid
End of apartheid
  • Willem de Klerk – white South African leader repealed Apartheid laws in 1991
nelson mandela
Nelson Mandela
  • He was the most important

Anti-apartheid leader

  • He spent 27 years in prison

for his ideas

  • In 1994 he became the

first black president after

the first free elections in

South Africa: for the first time

the black people could vote in

their own country.

south africa today
South Africa Today
  • Although South Africa has not completely recovered from the effects of apartheid, the country is much better off than it was twenty years ago…
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