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South Africa PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Past to Present. South Africa. Location. The country is located in the southern end of Africa. The country is five times larger than Great Britain and three times the size of Texas. Population of South Africa . Black: 71% White: 16% Coloured (mixture of races: black/white/Asian)10%

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South Africa

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Past to present

Past to Present

South Africa


Location

Location

  • The country is located in the southern end of Africa.

  • The country is five times larger than Great Britain and three times the size of Texas.


Population of south africa

Population of South Africa

  • Black: 71%

  • White: 16%

  • Coloured (mixture of races: black/white/Asian)10%

  • Asian 3%


Brief history

Brief History

  • Colonized by English and Dutch in 17th century despite the existence of native groups

  • English domination of Dutch (Afrikaners) led to Dutch creating new colonies in 1795

  • 1900-Diamonds found in colonies led to English invasion and Boer War (Dutch vs. English)

  • After gaining independence from England (1910), Afrikaner National Party gained majority in 1940s


Brief history continued

Brief History (continued)

  • 1948-National Party-invented apartheid to establish white domination and separate races further

  • 1960s- “Grand Apartheid” established- “territorial separation and police repression”

  • 1990 & 1991 – Government repealed all apartheid laws under Willem de Klerk


Apartheid

Apartheid

  • Means “apartness”

  • South African system of government from 1948-1994

  • White minority population controlled the country


Conditions of apartheid

Conditions of apartheid

  • Strict laws:

    • Restricted movement (passbooks)

    • Inferior education for blacks

    • Ban on interracial marriages

    • Segregation

    • Prohibited strikes by blacks


Preferential treatment for white south africans

Preferential treatment for white South Africans


African national congress anc

African National Congress (ANC)

  • They advocated open resistance in the form of strikes, acts of public disobedience, and protest marches

  • They adopted a Freedom charter, which had a vision of non-racial democratic state


Sharpeville massacre

Sharpeville Massacre

  • 5,000-7,000 people were protesting pass laws

  • Police opened fire on protesters. Killed 69 people and injured 180.

  • African National Congress (ANC) was banned as a result


How did the world react to apartheid

How did the World react to Apartheid?

  • A lot of countries boycotted

  • South Africa during Apartheid:

  • they refused to buy its products.

  • Film and pop stars refused

  • to perform in South Africa


How did the world react to apartheid cont

How did the World react to Apartheid? (cont)

  • South Africa was absent from international sport events for

    most of the apartheid era due to sanctions

  • A lot of teams and champions

    refused to compete either in

    South Africa or against

    South Africa


End of apartheid

End of apartheid

  • Willem de Klerk – white South African leader repealed Apartheid laws in 1991


South african apartheid and segregation in the us

South African apartheid and segregation in the US

  • South Africa

  • United States


Mandela and dr king

Mandela and Dr. King


Nelson mandela

Nelson Mandela

  • He was the most important

    Anti-apartheid leader

  • He spent 27 years in prison

    for his ideas

  • In 1994 he became the

    first black president after

    the first free elections in

    South Africa: for the first time

    the black people could vote in

    their own country.


South africa today

South Africa Today

  • Although South Africa has not completely recovered from the effects of apartheid, the country is much better off than it was twenty years ago…


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