Warm Up. The Transatlantic Slave Trade. Essential Questions : Why is it important to study the history of slavery? Why have humans throughout history enslaved one another?. Trans-Saharan Slave Trade.
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■Other captives were shipped north across the deserts of northwest Africa to the Mediterranean coast (to Morocco).
■Africans were purchased there to work as servants in Spain, Portugal, and other countries.
By the mid-1400’s, Portuguese ship captains were trading slaves along the west coast of Africa for working on sugar plantations.
What do you think “Trans-Saharan” refers to?
Between the 10th – 14th century, African captives were sold in Islamic markets around the area of present day Sudan.
Many of these slaves were female, sold for servants or concubines.
Spanish adventurers arrived in the following years, enslaving Native Americans to search for gold and silver.
As the journey typically took several months…15-20% of the slaves died on the ship
“Ankle deep or mid-leg in water which floats an oozy mud, and exposed to a burning sun which makes the air hotter than human blood; those poor wretches are in a furnace of stinking putrid vapor”