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EOC Reviews #2. Goals: 4, 5, 6. Goal 4 The Great West and the Rise of the Debtor. PI & BS – constant conflict trying to control SCM – killed Natives (mostly women and children) Fort Larm – tried to force to reservations SB – Refused reservations B LBH – Custer’s Last Stand

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eoc reviews 2

EOC Reviews #2

Goals: 4, 5, 6

western migration
PI & BS – constant conflict trying to control

SCM – killed Natives (mostly women and children)

Fort Larm – tried to force to reservations

SB – Refused reservations

B LBH – Custer’s Last Stand

B WK – Revenge for LBH NA’s surrender

HHJ – wrote Century of Dishonor (when we lied…)

As – act like us or move West

Western Migration
western migration1
WWS – glamorized Cowboy life

HA – 160 acres of free land after 5 years

Ex and Sod – AA’s moving out W & where they lived

RR – Central Pacifc/Union Pac

Chinese & Irish

Promontory Point Utah

Morril Land Act – gave land for agricultural Schools

OK – rush to get there sooner got best land

Western Migration
the gilded age
Inventors

Thomas Edison invented the light bulb

Alexander Graham Bell invented the phone

George Westinghouse – air brakes for RR

Henry Bessemer – cheaper steal

Christopher Scholes - typewriter

The Gilded Age
the gilded age1
Captains of Industry

Andrew Carnegie – Scottish immigrant who ran US Steel

John Rockefeller – controlled Standard Oil used vertical and horizontal integration

JP Morgan – leader in the finance industry

Vanderbilts – Controlled the RR industry

Drake – 1st to use a drill to look for oil

The Gilded Age

Or were they

Robber Barons??

the gilded age2
Key Principles

Monopoly – company controls all aspects

Trust – combination of companies under one big umbrella

Vertical Integration – control up the supply line

Horizontal Integration – buying out of your peers

Gospel of Wealth – rich is responsible to help the poor

Social Darwinism – the strongest survive

The Gilded Age
the gilded age3
Urbanization

Sweatshops – cities crowded, poor conditions

Tenements – cheap housing for immigrants

Settlement Home – helped urban poor

Americanization movement – places like the Hull House to “Americanize” immigrants

Trolleys – allowed for people to move away from job

Elevators – allowed for skyscrapers

The Gilded Age
the gilded age4
Immigration

Old vs New Immigration

Horation Alger – author, showed the American Dream

Melting Pot – belief that we should blend all cultures together

Ellis Island – gateway to America for Europeans

Nativism – favoring native born over immigrants

Chinese Exclusion Act – forbade Chinese immigrants

The Gilded Age
taking on business
Working conditions – crowded unsafe conditions

Children forced to work

Trade Unions set up like – Knights of Labor set up by Thomas Powderly

Haymarket Affair – bomb thrown into crowd hurt labor

American Federation of Labor – lead by Gompers largest union

Eugene Debs – leader of labor – socialist…

Great Strike of 1877 in RR

Taking on Business
taking on business1
Pullman Strike – people unhappy about rules so they strike

US Steel Strike – Carnegie steel plant strike

Sherman Anti- Trust Act – outlawed monopolies but hard to enforce

Pendleton Civil Service Act – required a test for govt. jobs

Collective Bargaining – negotiating between owners and labor

Taking on Business
taking on business2
Arbitration – ways to settle disputes with labor using a judge

Strike – a labor tactic for workers to get better rights

Yellow Dog Contract – people who sign this cannot join a union

Taking on Business
populist movement
Farmers Alliance – a union for farmers to protect their rights

Grange – 1st Farmers Union

WJB – Populist candidate for President gave the Cross of Gold Speech

Bimetallism – money should be backed by gold or silver

Goldbug - $$ backed by gold only

SB – method of voting

Ref – voting on issues

Recall – people get voted out

Populist Movement
politics in the gilded age
PM – recruited people offered services in exchange for votes

Corruption

Tammany Hall – stole money from the people of NY

Credit Mobilier – RR company lied to get more money from govt.

Whiskey Ring – Grant’s administration unfair treatment of different whiskey distillers

Thomas Nast – showed the public what was wrong through political cartoons

Politics in the Gilded Age
imperialism
Imperialism
  • Justification
    • Gold – Thirst for new markets
    • God – Belief that we were best Cultural Superiority
    • Glory – Military benefits
imperialism1
Imperialism
  • Alaska – William Seward purchases
    • Nicknamed Seward’s Foley or Icebox
    • Why – more land, close to Russia
  • Hawaii – US overthrew King and Queen
    • Allowed for Sugar to be imported
    • Military base in Pacific
slide17
Cuba
  • Spanish controlled
  • Grew Sugar and we wanted it in the US
  • Jose Marti – leads a revolution and gets the US involved
  • USS Maine – sent to pick up Americans but it blew up!
  • Pulitzer and Hearst – practiced yellow journalism to get us in the war
  • Teddy Roosevelt – lead a group known as Rough Riders in the Spanish American War in Cuba
  • Platt Amendment – Cuba wins freedom but limited because we add this to their constitution
spanish american war
Treaty of Paris

Platt Amendment added to Cuba

Guam, Puerto Rico, Philippines sold to US

Philippines wins independencebut we attempt to take them back over

Emilio Aquinaldo - leads the revolt – costs us 400 million

Spanish American War
china
China was called “sick man of Asia”

John Hay Issued the Open Door Notes so we could come into China

Spheres of Influence – areas controlled by countries

Boxer Rebellion – Chinese that attacked foreigners

China
panama canal
We completed a passage way through country of Panama

Tricked the government of Columbia to give us permission – Battleship Diplomacy

Roosevelt Corollary – “Speak softly but carry a big stick”

Panama Canal
us history reviews week 4 progressive era
Jane Addams – established the Hull House

Triangle Shirtwaist Factory – showed how bad labor were treated

Muckrackers

Ida M Tarbell – blew the whistle on Standard Oil

Upton Sinclair – wrote The Jungle

Lincoln Steffens – showed the poverty in cities

Jacob Riis – showed poor through photographs

US History Reviews Week 4Progressive Era
us history reviews week 4 progressive era1
Temperance Movt. – tried to get alcohol eliminated – ex. Carrie Nation

Women’s Movt. – fought for the right to vote – 19th Amendment

Ida B Wells – wrote to get anti-lynching laws

Plessy v Ferguson - allowed for legalized segregation

WEB DuBois – started the Niagra movement – immediate integrations

Booker T – needed education to get equal rights

NAACP – most influential civil rights organization (DuBois one of the founders)

US History Reviews Week 4Progressive Era
us history reviews week 4 political progressivism
Roosevelt

Regulated strikes, started the Square Deal

Conservatism – focused on saving the environment

Progressive party – created the Bull Moose party in 1912

Taft

Broke up many trusts

Angered many by signing Payne Aldrich (compromise)

Wilson

Underwood Act – 1st major reduction in tariffs

Federal Reserve System – federal bank for banks

US History Reviews Week 4Political Progressivism
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