John calvin 1509 1564
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John Calvin (1509-1564). FOUNDER of The Presbyterian Church (Switzerland, 1536 AD). A Number of Churches Teach His Fundamental Doctrine. Calvinism An Introduction. T U L I P. otal Hereditary Depravity. nconditional Election. imited Atonement. rresistible Grace.

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John Calvin (1509-1564)

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John calvin 1509 1564

John Calvin(1509-1564)

FOUNDERofThe Presbyterian Church(Switzerland, 1536 AD)

A Number of ChurchesTeachHis Fundamental Doctrine.


John calvin 1509 1564

CalvinismAn Introduction

T

U

L

I

P

otal Hereditary Depravity

nconditional Election

imited Atonement

rresistible Grace

erseverance of the Saints


John calvin 1509 1564

CalvinismAn Introduction

T

U

L

I

P

otal Hereditary Depravity

nconditional Election

imited Atonement

rresistible Grace

erseverance of the Saints


John calvin 1509 1564

CalvinismAn Introduction

THE FOUNDATION OF HIS DOCTRINE(Misconception of God’s Sovereignty)

  • “Scriptures clearly prove…that God by his eternal and immutable counsel determined once for all those who it was his pleasure one day to admit to salvation, and those whom, on the other hand, it was his pleasure to doom to destruction.”

  • John Calvin, Institutes of the Christian Religion


John calvin 1509 1564

CalvinismAn Introduction

THE FOUNDATION OF HIS DOCTRINE(Misconception of God’s Sovereignty)

Ezk. 33:11, “Say unto them, As I live, saith the Lord GOD, I have no pleasure in the death of the wicked; but that the wickedTURNfrom his way and live: TURN YE, TURN YEfrom your evil ways; for why will ye die, O house of Israel?” Cf. I Tim. 2:4 (Jn. 8:31-32); II Pet. 3:9

  • “Scriptures clearly prove…that God by his eternal and immutable counsel determined once for all those who it was his pleasure one day to admit to salvation, and those whom, on the other hand, it was his pleasure to doom to destruction.”

  • John Calvin, Institutes of the Christian Religion


John calvin 1509 1564

CalvinismAn Introduction

THE FOUNDATION OF HIS DOCTRINE(Misconception of God’s Sovereignty)

Deut. 30:19, “I call heaven and earth to record this day against you, that I HAVE SET BEFORE YOU LIFEandDEATH, BLESSINGandCURSING: therefore CHOOSE LIFE, that BOTH THOU and THY SEED MAY LIVE.”

Cf. Josh. 24:15; Rom. 6:16-18, 23 (Acts 10:34-35)

  • “Scriptures clearly prove…that God by his eternal and immutable counsel determined once for all those who it was his pleasure one day to admit to salvation, and those whom, on the other hand, it was his pleasure to doom to destruction.”

  • John Calvin, Institutes of the Christian Religion


John calvin 1509 1564

CalvinismAn Introduction

THE FOUNDATION OF HIS DOCTRINE(Misconception of God’s Sovereignty)

  • “God, from all eternity, did, by the most wise and holy counsel of his own will, freely and unchangeably ordain whatsoever comes to pass.”

  • Presbyterian Confession of Faith, Chapter 3, Section 1

Absolute Predestination of All Human Events


John calvin 1509 1564

CalvinismAn Introduction

Calvin’s Presumptions Answered

  • “Now, if the doctrine here set forth is true, we think it impossible for man to err. Whatever he does is in keeping with and brought about by God’s fore-ordination or decree, and therefore cannot be wrong. If he does anything—it matters not what—whether good or bad—if God has ordained every thing, He has ordained that thing. If it comes to pass that a man lies, God has not only ordained that he should lie, but He has unchangeably ordained it.”

  • T.W. Brents, Gospel Plan of Salvation, p. 8


John calvin 1509 1564

CalvinismAn Introduction

Calvin’s Presumptions Answered

  • God Ordained That Hezekiah Shall Die (II Kings 20:1), Yet Later Added 15 Years To His Life (II Kings 20:5-6).

  • Did God Deceive Hezekiah Knowing That He Had Really Pre-ordained That He Would NOT Die?

  • The Prayer and Tears of Hezekiah Changed the Decree of God. Does Prayer Make A Difference? Cf. Jas. 4:2


John calvin 1509 1564

CalvinismAn Introduction

Calvin’s Presumptions Answered

  • God Ordained That In 40 Days Nineveh Shall Be Overthrown (Jonah 3:4), But Changed His Mind (Jonah 3:10).

  • Did God Deceive Jonah Knowing That He Pre-ordained NOT To Destroy Nineveh?

  • Is It Not More Harmonious With The Text That God Was Going To Destroy Nineveh Unless By Free Will They Chose To Repent?


John calvin 1509 1564

CalvinismAn Introduction

Calvin’s “Proof” Texts

  • Eph. 1:3-7, 11, “Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who hath blessed us with all spiritual blessings in heavenly places IN CHRIST: 4 According as he hath chosenusINHIMbeforethefoundationoftheworld,thatwe should be holy and without blame before him IN LOVE: 5 HavingPREDESTINATEDUSuntotheadoptionofchildren by Jesus Christ to himself, according to the good pleasure of his will, 6 Tothe praise of the glory of his grace, whereinhehathmadeusACCEPTEDINTHEBELOVED. 7 IN WHOM we have redemption through his blood, the forgiveness of sins, according to the riches of his grace.”


John calvin 1509 1564

CalvinismAn Introduction

Calvin’s “Proof” Texts

  • Eph. 1:3-7, 11, “Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who hath blessed us with all spiritual blessings in heavenly places IN CHRIST: 4 According as he hath chosenusINHIMbeforethefoundationoftheworld,thatwe should be holy and without blame before him IN LOVE: 5 HavingPREDESTINATEDUSuntotheadoptionofchildren by Jesus Christ to himself, according to the good pleasure of his will, 6 Tothe praise of the glory of his grace, whereinhehathmadeusACCEPTEDINTHEBELOVED. 7 IN WHOM we have redemption through his blood, the forgiveness of sins, according to the riches of his grace.”

v. 11, “IN WHOM also we have obtained an inheritance, being PREDESTINATED according to the purpose of him who worketh all things after the counsel of his own will.”


John calvin 1509 1564

CalvinismAn Introduction

Calvin’s “Proof” Texts

  • Rom. 8:29-30, “For WHOM HE DID FOREKNOW, he also did PREDESTINATETOBE CONFORMED TO THE IMAGE OF HIS SON, that he might be the firstborn among many brethren. 30 Moreover WHOM HE DIDPREDESTINATE, THEM he also CALLED: and whom hecalled,themhealsoJUSTIFIED:andwhomhejustified, themhealsoGLORIFIED.” Cf.IIThess.2:14(Rom.12:1-2)

This Is WHAT God Has Done - The Question Is HOW?


John calvin 1509 1564

CalvinismAn Introduction

Calvin’s “Proof” Texts Examined

  • I Cor. 2:7, “But we speak THE WISDOM OF GOD in a mystery, even the hidden wisdom, which God ordained before the worldUNTO OUR GLORY.” Cf. Eph. 3:3-5

  • IITim.1:9-10,“Whohathsavedus,andcalleduswithanholy calling,NOTaccordingtoourworks,BUTaccordingtohisownpurposeandgrace,whichwasgivenusINCHRISTJESUSbefore the world began, 10 But is now mademanifestbytheappearingofourSaviourJesusChrist,whohathabolisheddeath,andhathbroughtlifeandimmortalitytolightthroughthegospel.”Cf.Heb.5:9(Rev.22:17);Eph.2:8-10


John calvin 1509 1564

CalvinismAn Introduction

Calvin’s “Proof” Texts Examined

  • Eph. 3:8-11, “Unto me, who am less than the least of all saints, is this grace given, that I should preach among the Gentiles the unsearchable riches of Christ; 9 And to make all men SEE what is THE FELLOWSHIP of THE MYSTERY, which from the beginning of the world hath been hid in God, who created all things by Jesus Christ: 10 To the intent that NOW unto the principalities and powers in heavenly places might be known BY THE CHURCHthe manifold wisdom of God, 11 According to THE ETERNAL PURPOSE which HE PURPOSED IN CHRIST JESUS our Lord.” Cf. vv. 3-5 (I Jn. 1:5-7)


John calvin 1509 1564

CalvinismAn Introduction

Calvin’s “Proof” Texts Examined

  • I Pet. 1:2-5, “Electaccording to the foreknowledge of God the Father, through sanctification of the Spirit, unto obedience and sprinkling of the blood of Jesus Christ: Grace unto you, and peace, be multiplied. 3 Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, which according to his abundant mercy hath begotten us again unto a lively hope by the resurrection of Jesus Christ from the dead, 4 To an inheritance incorruptible, and undefiled, and that fadeth not away, reserved in heaven for you, 5 Who are KEPTby the power of Godthrough faithunto salvation ready to be revealed in the last time.” Cf. Rom. 1:16 (Jas. 1:18)


John calvin 1509 1564

CalvinismAn Introduction

Calvin’s “Proof” Texts Examined

  • I Pet. 1:18-23, “Forasmuch as YE KNOW that ye were NOTredeemed with corruptible things, as silver and gold, from your vain conversation received by tradition from your fathers; 19 BUT with the precious blood of Christ, as of a lamb without blemish and without spot: 20 Who verily was foreordained before the foundation of the world, but was manifest in these last times for you, 21 Who by him do believe in God, that raised him up from the dead, and gave him glory; that your faith and hope might be in God. 22 SeeingyehavepurifiedyoursoulsinOBEYINGthe truth through the Spirit unto unfeigned love of the brethren…”


John calvin 1509 1564

CalvinismAn Introduction

Calvin’s “Proof” Texts Examined

  • Mt. 25:34, “Then shall the King say unto them on his right hand, Come, ye blessed of my Father, inherit the kingdompreparedforyoufromthefoundationoftheworld.” Cf. v. 41

  • Eph. 1:4, “According as HE hath CHOSEN USIN HIMbefore the foundation of the world, that we shouldbe holy and without blame before him IN LOVE.”

  • Rev. 13:8, “And all that dwell upon the earth shall worship him, whose names are not written in the book of life of the LambSLAINfromthefoundationoftheworld.”Cf.Ex.32:33


John calvin 1509 1564

CalvinismAn Introduction

Calvin’s “Proof” Texts Examined

Gal. 3:24-29, “Wherefore the law was our schoolmaster to bring us unto Christ, that we might be JUSTIFIED by faith. 25 But after that faith is come, we are no longer under a schoolmaster. 26 For YE ARE ALL THE CHILDREN OF GOD BY FAITH IN CHRIST JESUS. 27 For as many of you as have been BAPTIZED INTO CHRIST have put on Christ. 28 There is neither Jew nor Greek, there is neither bond nor free, there is neither male nor female: for YE ARE ALL ONE IN CHRIST JESUS. 29 And if ye be Christ’s, then are ye Abraham’s seed, and HEIRS ACCORDING TO THE PROMISE.” Cf.Gen.22:18(Acts2:38-39;Rom.6:3)


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