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In pursuit of livelihood security around Bwindi Impenetrable National Park, Uganda - The case of the Batwa minority. Róbert Hodosi, Norwegian University of Life Sciences, Ås Conference: AFRICA: 1960–2010–2060 A Century (Re)visited: What Next? Pécs, 27-29 May, 2010. About the project.

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In pursuit of livelihood security around Bwindi Impenetrable National Park, Uganda - The case of the Batwa minority

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In pursuit of livelihood security around bwindi impenetrable national park 2c uganda the case of the batwa minority

In pursuit of livelihood security around Bwindi Impenetrable National Park, Uganda - The case of the Batwa minority

Róbert Hodosi, Norwegian University of Life Sciences, Ås

Conference: AFRICA: 1960–2010–2060

A Century (Re)visited: What Next?

Pécs, 27-29 May, 2010


About the project

About the project

  • Papia (Protected Areas and Poverty In Africa)

  • Cooperation between Makerere University, Uganda and Norwegian University of Life Sciences

  • Understanding relationship between the protected area and poverty of local communities

  • Case: the Bwindi Impenetrable National Park, Uganda and the Batwa people


Bwindi impenetrable national park

Bwindi Impenetrable National Park

  • South-Western part of Uganda, 331km2

  • Established as a National Park in 1991

  • Rich fauna and flora, important water catchements area, home of the famous mountain gorilla population

  • Important tourism destination in Uganda

  • Political ecology narratives on preservation: Win-Win Approach vs. Fortress Approach


Bwindi impenetrable national park1

Bwindi Impenetrable National Park


The batwa people

The Batwa people

  • A former hunter-gatherer group

  • Living in Burundi, Rwanda, DRC, Uganda

  • The Batwa are the first inhabitants of the area

  • They were evicted from the territory of the park

  • Did not get compensation for eviction


The batwa

The Batwa


Problematisation of the situation

Problematisation of the situation

  • For Batwa: limited resources, high poverty levels, food insecurity, health and educational shortcomings

  • Dominant ethnicity (Bakiga) is agriculturalist

  • Limited access to forest products?

  • Income generating activities from the park?

  • Collaborative management of the national park


Research questions

Research questions

  • Assessment of the asset base and income generating activities?

  • Constraints on accessing assets and income sources?

  • How collaborative management can be useful for the local communities?

  • How could the forest be made more beneficial for local communities? (Environmental income)


Methods

Methods

  • Livelihoods analysis framework was applied

  • 122 household interviews were conducted in adjacent communities to the park

  • NGOs and local government officials were interviewed


Findings

Findings …

  • Very little asset base (no land, livestock)

  • Constrains (1. shocks and trends: drought, crop-raiding animals) (2. institutional: discrimination)

  • The Batwa and other communities have limited access to the forest – conservation is implemented

  • No tangible benefits from collaborative management (revenue sharing, multiple use zones)

  • More information on these instruments


Findings1

Findings

  • High diversification aptitude of income generating activities

  • Environmental income as safety net?

  • Useful forest: more access to forest products, more information on multiple use zones

  • Political ecology of conservation: refuting the Win-win approach?


In pursuit of livelihood security around bwindi impenetrable national park 2c uganda the case of the batwa minority

Thank you for the attention!

Róbert Hodosi

Norwegian University of Life Sciences, Noragric

www.umb.no/noragric

[email protected]


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