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Global foundations for reducing nutrient enrichment and oxygen depletion from land based pollution, in support of Global Nutrient Cycle. Anjan Datta UNEP. Recovering Systems. Sewage. Fertilizer. N 2 -fixation. Manure. From: Dumont, et al. 2005 GBC.

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anjan datta unep

Global foundations for reducing nutrient enrichment and oxygen depletion from land based pollution, in support of Global Nutrient Cycle

Anjan Datta

UNEP

slide2

Recovering Systems

Sewage

Fertilizer

N2-fixation

Manure

From: Dumont, et al. 2005 GBC

slide3

Increased N inputs are projected in response to increased global population

Grand Challenge of the 21st century:

How to feed 9 billion without N pollution?

UNEP. 2009

UNEP, 2009

slide4

The five key threats of excess nutrients

The WAGES of

too much or too little of nutrients

Water quality

Air quality

Greenhouse balance

Ecosystems

Soil quality

Modified from the European Nitrogen Assessment (2011)

slide5
The Project is designed to

Address the key Nutrient Challenges

  • Food security
  • Environmental sustainability
slide6

Project Objective

To provide the foundations (including partnerships, information, tools and policy mechanisms) for governments and other stakeholders to initiate comprehensive, effective and sustained programs addressing nutrient over-enrichment and oxygen depletion from land based pollution of coastal waters

slide7

Project Outcomes and Outputs

  • Development and application of quantitative modeling approaches to estimate and map sources and contributions of different nutrient sources to coastal nutrient loading and their effects; to indicate when nutrient over-enrichment problem areas are likely to occur; and to estimate the magnitude of expected effects of further nutrient loading on coastal systems under a range of scenarios.
  • Development of a “Policy Toolbox”, through which the decision-makers will have informed and interactive access, to cost effective, replicable tools and approaches to develop and implement nutrient reduction strategies
slide8
c.Execution of pilot projects in the Manila Bay watershed, Philippines and the Chilka Lake in India for the development and implementation of stakeholders owned, cost-effective and policy relevant nutrient reduction strategies, which can be subsequently mainstreamed into broader planning

d. A strong and vibrant global partnership on nutrient management to provide a necessary stimulus and framework for the effective development, replication, up-scaling and sharing of these key outcomes.

slide9

Project Partners

Governments: The Philippines, India, The Netherlands, USA

Science Community: International Nitrogen Initiative (INI), Institute of Oceans Management, India, National Centre for Sustainable Coastal Management, India, Environmental Research Laboratory of the Netherlands, The Energy Research Centre of the Netherlands, University of the Utrecht, Netherlands, Washington State University, University of the Philippines, Centre for Ecology and Hydrology, UK, International Fertilizer Development Centre, USA and the Indian Nitrogen Group

Industry: International Fertilizer Industry Association (IFA)/ International Plant Nutrition Institute (IPNI)

NGOs/CSOs: Global Environment and Technology Foundation, USA, Society for Conservation of Nature, India, World Resources Institute, USA

UN Agencies: FAO, UN-Habitat, UNDP, IOC/UNESCO, UNEP

Regional Projects: BOBLME, PEMSEA

Regional IGOs: SACEP, PEMSEA Resource Facility; CAR/RCU

slide10

Project Budget and funding sources

Total Budget US$ 4,116,347

Contribution of the GEF US$ 1,718,182

Contribution by the Partners US$ 2,398,165

Project Governance/institutional structure

PSC - Rep from governments, industry, science community and UN agencies

PCU – with the all component leaders

MEU - UNEP and GEF rules and procedures

Project Duration: April 2012 – March 2016 (4 Years)

slide11

GPNM: a multi stakeholders global partnership

    • Governments
    • Industry
    • Science community
    • NGOs
    • International organisations
    • Regional Projects
  • GPNM - an One UN initiative
  • Guided by a Steering Committee
  • UNEP is the Secretariat
slide12

Role of GPNM

Strategic advocacy and co-operation at the global and regional levels to build consensus in promoting NUE

Enhancing the capacities of various stakeholders to design and implement effective management policies

Work with stakeholders to develop guidance, strategies or policies on sustainable use of nutrients

slide13

A knowledge platform to support science policy interaction and translating science for policy making

Positioning of nutrient issues as part of international sustainable development agenda

Innovation and knowledge generation to reduce nutrient losses and improve overall NUE

slide14

GPNM Activities - to date

GPNM and CSD process

Participation in various global, regional and national meetings to raise awareness and mobilize actions

Facilitation of GPNM regional platforms

Knowledge generation e.g., Foundation document, Our Nutrient World, Fact sheet

On the ground intervention – GEF supported GNC project

Outreach, advocacy, consensus building and agenda setting

slide15

Task Group: Policy development, policy advocacy and support policy reform/ development (Task Group Leader Prof. Mark Sutton)

  • Nutrient management SDG
  • Defining leverage points and entry strategy
  • Identification of barriers to change

Development of toolbox to support policy choices and investment decisions (Task Group Leader Prof. Tom Sims)

  • Development of policy toolbox and extension methodology including application of mobile tools

Defining nutrient performance indicator and nutrient use efficiency (Task Group Leader Dr. Amit Roy)

  • Defining base line of nutrient use efficiency at global as well as regional level as appropriate
  • Defining nutrient performance indicators
  • Establish NUE target for major crops

Strengthening of partnership (Task Group Leader Dr. Greg Crosby)

  • Secure engagement of: Business councils; Consumer groups; Retail marketing chains; International meat and poultry producers; NGOs and CSOs e.g., WWF, TNC, Oxfam etc. and Professional bodies working in the field of Food Security, Biodiversity and Climate Change
slide16

Global “Tool Box” Deliverables

  • A BMP inventory
  • A synthesis of report of policies & practices
  • Toolkits designed for key audiences
  • Five in depth case studies
  • A strategy document/template for replication and up-scaling
  • An operational policy toolbox – integrated w/Component B
  • Training of at least 30 regional and national scientists and policy experts
slide17

Outputs

  • 334 best practices have been logged to date from 60 countries
  • Nineteen case studies, additional learning modules developed
  • Initial training module developed
  • Initial synthesis
  • Engage & grow collaborations
  • ASA article published
  • Co-finance secured
slide18

Best Practices by Geography

60 countries represented in NMBPD

Oceania

Australia

New Zealand

North America

Canada

United States of America

Asia

Cambodia

China

India

Indonesia

Malaysia

Nepal

Philippines

Siberia

Thailand

Vietnam

Latin America

Brazil

Argentina

Colombia

Mexico

Europe

Albania

Austria

Bosnia

Bulgaria

Croatia

Czech Republic

Estonia

Italy

Germany

Herzegovina

Hungary

Africa

Benin

Burkina Faso

Cote d’Ivoire

DR Congo

Ethiopia

Ghana

Kenya

Madagascar

Mali

Mauritania

Latvia

Lithuania

Macedonia

Moldova

Poland

Romania

Russia

Serbia

Slovenia

Turkey

Ukraine

Mozambique

Niger

Nigeria

Senegal

Sudan

Tanzania

Togo

Uganda

Zambia

Zimbabwe

slide20

Best Practices Tools

Scalability Survey

  • Scalability and Transferability Rating Model
    • Two simple surveys created to give best practices a score ranging from 0 to 10 representing the practice’s ability to be scaled up or replicated in another context.
  • Comparative Efficiency Analysis
    • Based on work in efficiencies modeling by UMD and EPA.
    • Next steps identified in the process of modeling the comparative efficiencies of nutrient management best practices.

Transferability Survey

key next steps
Key Next Steps
  • Finalizing synthesis
  • Evaluating BMP efficiencies
  • Continue to engage countries to collect policies
  • Developing additional cases
  • Designing integration approach and interface
  • Develop toolkits for use of the inventory
  • Hold training in the field
indicators used in the report card
Indicatorsused in the Report Card
  • Chilika Lake Ecosystem Health will be defined as the progress of three water quality indicators (chlorophyll a, dissolved oxygen, and water clarity) and
  • three biotic indicators (aquatic grasses, phytoplankton community, and benthic community) toward scientifically derived ecological thresholds or goals.
  • The six indicators are combined into one overarching Bay Health Index, which is presented as the report card overall score.

Indicators and Indices

purpose of ecocheck
Purpose of EcoCheck
  • The areas that EcoCheck focuses on are:
    • Increased understanding of how climatology affects fish recruitment
    • Incorporation of spatially explicit data into current management tools.
    • Effective use of ecosystem health indicators.
    • Prediction of fisheries variability with forecast models.
data requirement for the planned outputs
Data Requirement for the Planned Outputs
  • Water Quality Index:
    • Secchi Disc data (not available until now)
    • Dissolved Oxygen (available – must be made available continuously)
    • Chlorophyll a (data available but usually less frequently analyzed)
  • Biotic Index:
    • a) Phytoplankton (species level data)
    • b) Zooplankton (numbers were given as averages but numbers per m3 or some relevant unit is requested)
    • c) Benthic data to include meiobenthos and macrobenthos
perspective
Perspective
  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nolsLLSpXeg
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