Making Infrastructure Accessible and Principles of Universal Design. MENA: Including Persons with Disabilities in Development: Opportunities & Accessibility June 17, 2009. Charlotte McClain- Nhlapo Karen Peffley Disability & Development, HDNSP. Why the WB should address accessibility.
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MENA: Including Persons with Disabilities in Development:
Opportunities & Accessibility
June 17, 2009
Disability & Development, HDNSP
Since June 2005, USAID enforces a policy directive on accessible construction and reconstruction
IFC performance standards require considering the needs of vulnerable people, including individuals with disabilities
Bi-lateral donors (GTZ, DFID, AusAID) have introduced policies to include disability in their programs
EU Directive for Equal Treatment in Employment and Occupation (2000)
In a general sense, accessibility is a feature which allows an environment, object or instrument to be used safely and independently.
For technical use, it is a stringent set of standards that have been mandated nationally or internationally for the construction of the built environment for the use by persons with disabilities.
Entrance on grade allows access by all.
Step at entry prevents use by wheelchair users
Addressing barriers in the physical environment may be among the easiest barriers to resolve, and often a precursor to achieving parity for people with disabilities in other areas.
“The design of products and environments, programs and services to be usable by all people, to the greatest extent possible, without need for adaptation or specialized design.” (CRPD, Article 2)
Concept, approach, goal
Benefits entire population
Participatory and Local specific
Not an international/national standards
1. Equitable Use
2. Flexibility in Use
3. Simple and Intuitive Use
4. Perceptible Information
5. Tolerance for Error
6. Low Physical Effort
7. Size and Space for Approach and Use
The principle of accessibility is based on the principle of non-discrimination and the full participation of people with disabilities in all aspects of life.
The CRPD emphasizes that limited access or lack of accessibility in various ways often results in human rights violations.
Article 9 stipulates States must implement programs of action to make physical, social and technological environments more equitable and accessible.
Articles 21 and 24 further address accessibility in information and education.
World Bank lending for infrastructure-related programs and projects rose toUS$11.7 billion dollars during fiscal year 2008.
Further increases anticipated in public spending by governments on infrastructure in response to the fiscal crisis anticipated.
Consistent with the Sustainable Infrastructure Action Plan, 2007- 2011.
Transport Sector issued guidelines for inclusive transportation
HDNSP and SDV collaborated on a Social Analysis and Disability guidance note
Publication Design for All: Implication for Bank Operations
Forthcoming publication/training on Accessible BRT in LCR
HDN, SDN, LEG and OPCS (with input from the regions) produced an Action Plan to Introduce Universal Design in Bank-Financed Projects
Accessibility is primarily a project design and technical specifications matter, and indirectly a procurement one
By implementing UD, the Bank would be proactively aligning itself with the tenets of the CRPD and other development agencies.