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“To live with the sea”. Towards community-centred marine conservation in Andavadoaka. Where is Andavadoaka?. 4 th largest reef system in the world Over 500 species of fish and coral Livelihood and cultural identity of Vezo people 70,000 people depend on marine resources

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To live with the sea

“To live with the sea”

Towards community-centred marine conservation in Andavadoaka



Southwest madagascar

4th largest reef system in the world

Over 500 species of fish and coral

Livelihood and cultural identity of Vezo people

70,000 people depend on marine resources

Biologically diverse yet least studied marine ecosystems

Southwest Madagascar


Unsustainable fishing

Population growth

Rapid expansion of fisheries and businesses

External fishing pressures

Destructive gear for fishing

Unsustainable fishing


Alternative livelihoods

Community Eco-lodge

Sea Cucumber Farming

Eco-guide Training

Fish Aggregation Devices

Artisanal crafts

Whale-watching platform

Alternative Livelihoods


Protected areas

Andavadoaka’s goal

Sustainable use and protection of marine resources:

Poverty reduction

Biodiversity conservation

Protected areas


Our first community run marine no take zone 2004 2005
Our first community-run marine no take zone (2004-2005)

Economic importance of Andavadoaka's octopus fishery


The first reserve

200 ha reef flat surrounding Nosy Fasy island

Closed for 7 months from Nov-2004

Local law ‘Dina’ created to protect NTZ

Guardian hired by fishers to prevent poaching

The first reserve


Initial conclusions and management implications

Short term closures = increase in the size and number of octopus

Increasing revenue for octopus fishers

Increasing reproductive output

Initial conclusions and management implications


Contribution to national policy
CONTRIBUTION TO NATIONAL POLICY octopus

  • Government introduced national NTZ’s for octopus.


Expansion evolution replication
Expansion; evolution; replication octopus

2004: 1 octopus no-take zone, 1 fishery, 1 village, 0.2 sq km

2007: 24 zones: multiple uses, multiple habitats, 23 villages, 800 sq km


Velondriake octopus‘to live with the sea’

- Maintain

ecosystem

functioning that

underpins vital

resources

- Promote

ecotourism

- Sustainable

fisheries

management

- Maintain or

Increase

catches

- Insure

against

management

failure

- Simplify

management


24 Villages octopus

3 Committees

Groupe Nord(Vezo Milagnoriake)

Groupe Centre (Milasoa)

Groupe Sud (Fagnemotse)


24 Villages octopus

3 Committees

Groupe Nord(Vezo Milagnoriake)

Groupe Centre (Milasoa)

Groupe Sud (Fagnemotse)

Nov 04 - May 05

1 NTZ:

- Nosy Fasy


24 Villages octopus

3 Committees

Groupe Nord(Vezo Milagnoriake)

Groupe Centre (Milasoa)

Groupe Sud (Fagnemotse)

Nov 05 to Apr 06

3 NTZs:

- Nosy Fasy

- Ampisorogna

- Nosy Masay


24 Villages octopus

3 Committees

Groupe Nord(Vezo Milagnoriake)

Groupe Centre (Milasoa)

Groupe Sud (Fagnemotse)

  • Post Oct 06:

  • NTZs


24 Villages octopus

3 Committees

Groupe Nord(Vezo Milagnoriake)

Groupe Centre (Milasoa)

Groupe Sud (Fagnemotse)

  • Post Oct 06:

  • NTZs

  • MPAs


24 Villages octopus

3 Committees

Groupe Nord(Vezo Milagnoriake)

Groupe Centre (Milasoa)

Groupe Sud (Fagnemotse)

  • Post Oct 06:

  • NTZs

  • MPAs

  • Special areas


Contribution to national policy1
CONTRIBUTION TO NATIONAL POLICY octopus

  • The velondriake protected area has been used as a model by the government for the implementation of the PACP project to support all fishing communities in 50 coastal villages in South West region of Madagascar.


Conclusion
Conclusion octopus

  • Andavadoaka has recognised environmental problems and is taking steps to manage its own resources

  • Focus on capacity building and education

  • Environmental education

  • Women’s Association

  • Technical management support


Our concerns

Enforcement & legislation octopus

Outside commercial interest in community natural resources beyond community control

Commercial trawlers

“Blue Reef” luxury hotel development project

Our concerns


Misaotra bevata
Misaotra Bevata! octopus

Blue Ventures Conservation

Institut Halieutique et des Sciences Marines, Universite de Toliara

Wildlife Conservation Society

Copefrito, Toliara


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