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What’s Up With Infrastructure?. Interstate Pipeline Regulatory Committee Jeff Wright, Chief Energy Infrastructure Policy Group Office of Energy Projects Federal Energy Regulatory Commission Phoenix, Arizona October 9, 2003. FERC Helping Markets Work. Adequate Infrastructure. Standard

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What s up with infrastructure

What’s Up With Infrastructure?

Interstate Pipeline Regulatory Committee

Jeff Wright, Chief

Energy Infrastructure Policy Group

Office of Energy Projects

Federal Energy Regulatory Commission

Phoenix, Arizona

October 9, 2003


Ferc helping markets work

FERCHelping Markets Work

Adequate

Infrastructure

Standard

Market Rules

Competitive

Market

Market

Monitoring &

Oversight


Ferc oep tools

FERC/OEP Tools

  • Create a Forum for Discussion

    • Outreach Conferences

  • Advise

    • Study Existing Facilities

    • Meet with Stakeholder Groups

  • Our Process

    • Act on Certificate Filings


Why an infrastructure group

Why An InfrastructureGroup?

  • The Chairman wanted a group dedicated to infrastructure issues and wanted it located in OEP.

  • The convergence of gas and electric necessitates examinations of infrastructure dedicated to both as well as hydro, coal and oil issues.

  • Need to research and present findings, both publicly and in-house.


Mission statement

Mission Statement

The Energy Infrastructure Policy Group would apprise the Commission of the status of the national energy infrastructure providing timely and accurate guidance on how national energy infrastructure needs can be met


Objectives

Objectives

The Energy Infrastructure Policy Group would provide infrastructure guidance on measures before the Commission, prepare periodic regional reports on the status of national energy infrastructure, and, upon request, conduct special infrastructure studies.


Organization

Organization

  • EIPG is part of OEP’s front office staff.

  • Answers directly to the Director and Deputy Director.

  • Operates collegially.

  • Group leader serves as focal point for assignments


Staff

Staff

  • Five multidisciplinary people with strong oral and computer-based presentation skills.

  • Uses Commission-wide resource as required by the task.

  • Regularly work with representatives of OMTR, OMOI, and OGC.


Specific duties

Specific Duties

  • Regional Assessments

  • Regional Infrastructure Conferences

  • Reports to the Commission

    • Closed and Open Meetings

  • Convene Meetings with CRE and NEB

  • North American Energy Working Group

  • Other Duties As Assigned….


Ferc infrastructure conferences

FERC Infrastructure Conferences

  • Five Conferences Held

    • Seattle

    • New York City

    • Orlando

    • Chicago

    • Denver

  • Purpose

    • Bring together experts to discuss infrastructure issues in region


Infrastructure conferences

InfrastructureConferences

  • Discussion Issues Include:

    – Adequacy of Electric, Gas, Hydro and Other Infrastructure

    – Essential Energy Infrastructure


Topics addressed

TopicsAddressed

  • Adequacy of Existing Infrastructure

  • Necessary Additions of Infrastructure

  • Barriers to Expansion

  • Environmental and Landowner Concerns


Why conferences

Why Conferences?

  • To Explore How FERC Can Facilitate

  • How To Enhance A Comprehensive

    And Collaborative Approach

  • Development Of Reliable Energy Infrastructure


Advising on gas infrastructure needs

Advising on Gas Infrastructure Needs

  • Analyze What’s There

  • Supply New Generation & Markets

  • Security

  • Siting


Major pipeline projects certificated mmcf d january 2002 to oct 2003

Tuscarora

(96)

Major Pipeline Projects Certificated (MMcf/d)January 2002 to Oct 2003

Georgia Straits (96)

Northwest

(162)

Northwest

(224)

WBI

(80)

Iroquois(70)

NFS/DTI

(150)

1

Northwest

(191)

ANR

(220)

2

3

TETCO(223)

4

CIG

(282,92)

TETCO(250)

1. Algonquin (285)

2. Islander East (285)

3. Iroquois (85)

4. Columbia (135,270)

Kern River

(886)

Greenbrier (600)

El Paso (140)

East Tennessee (510)

Kern River (282)

North Baja (500)

TETCO (197)

SCG Pipeline (190)

Transco

(323)

El Paso (320)

Southern (330)

7.9 BCF/D Total

2,295 Miles

Tennessee (320)


Major pipeline projects pending mmcf d october 2003

Major Pipeline ProjectsPending (MMcf/d)October 2003

Northwest

(113)

Maritimes (400)

CIG

(118)

ANR

(107)

Cove Point

(445)

Cheyenne Plains

(560)

Calypso

(832)

Discovery

(150)

3.6 BCF/D Total

526 Miles

Ocean Express

(842)


Major pipeline projects in pre filing mmcf d october 2003

Major Pipeline Projectsin Pre-filing (MMcf/d)October 2003

Grasslands Expansion (120)

(WBI)

Weaver’s Cove Energy LNG

(400)

Sound Energy Solutions LNG (700)

(Mitsubishi)

Picacho Pipeline (1,000)*

Pacific Texas

1.1 BCF/D Total Pipeline Capacity

1.1 BCF/D Deliverability Capacity

1,120 Miles

*Picacho’s pre-filing has been suspended

pending submission of required documents


Major pipeline projects on the horizon mmcf d october 2003

WIC (150,300,470)

Samoa Point (Calpine) (1,000)

Sun Devil Project(Transwestern) (450)

Advantage Southern (KM Interstate) (800)

Silver Canyon Project (KM Interstate) (750)

San Juan Lateral Exp. (Transwestern) (600)

KM West Texas (KM Interstate) (300)

Wheatland Expansion (KM Interstate) (80)

Western Frontier (So. Star)(540)

Kern River Expansion (500)

TransColorado (750,125)

Desert Crossing (500)

Coronado (500)

Major Pipeline Projects On The Horizon (MMcf/d)October 2003

Alaska Gas (4,500)

Lebanon Lateral (ANR) (250)

Bison Pipeline (Northern Border) (325)

Cheyenne Plains (170)

Trailblazer (100)

Enbridge (1,000)

Blue Atlantic (El Paso) (1,000)

Freedom Trail (Tennessee)

(150)

Northwinds Pipeline

(NFG) (570)

Transco (250)

Alabama-Georgia (Duke) (240)

Seafarer Pipeline (El Paso) (700)

Gulf Pines (Gulf South) (1,000)

16.9 BCF/D Total

6,306 Miles


Storage projects capacity in bcf october 2003

Storage Projects(Capacity in Bcf)October 2003

Wyckoff

(6.0)

Stagecoach

(13.6)

Bluewater

(27.0)

Seneca

(0.8)

KM

(6.5)

Questar

(5.0)

Tennessee

(5.0)

Midwest

(4.5)

Dominion

(5.6)

Desert Crossing

(10.0)

Sabine

(40.0)

NUI (11.6)

Copper Eagle

(3.2)

Caledonia

(10.0)

Natural

(10.7)

Falcon Gas

(20.0)

EnCana

(8.0)

SG

Resources

(6.0)

Certificated Since 2001

Egan Hub

(13.5)

Currently Pending

Copiah

(3.3)

On The Horizon

Gulf South

(18.5)


What s up with infrastructure

FERC

Existing Terminals with Expansions

A. Everett, MA : 1.035 Bcfd (Tractebel)

B. Cove Point, MD : 1.0 Bcfd (Dominion)

C. Elba Island, GA : 1.2 Bcfd (El Paso)

D. Lake Charles, LA : 1.2 Bcfd (Southern Union)

Approved Terminals

1. Hackberry, LA : 1.5 Bcfd, (Sempra Energy)

Proposed Terminals – FERC

2. Bahamas : 0.84 Bcfd, (AES Ocean Express)

3. Bahamas : 0.83 Bcfd, (Calypso Tractebel)

4. Freeport, TX : 1.5 Bcfd, (Cheniere / Freeport LNG Dev.)

5. Fall River, MA : 0.4 Bcfd, (Weaver's Cove Energy)

6. Long Beach, CA : 0.7 Bcfd, (Sound Energy Solutions/Mitsubishi)

Proposed Terminals – Coast Guard

8. Port Pelican: 1 Bcfd, (Chevron Texaco)

9. Gulf of Mexico: 0.5 Bcfd, (El Paso Global)

Planned Terminals

10. Brownsville, TX : n/a, (Cheniere LNG Partners)

11. Corpus Christi, TX : 2.6 Bcfd, (Cheniere LNG Partners)

12. Sabine, LA : 2.6 Bcfd (Cheniere LNG)

13. Humboldt Bay, CA : 0.5 Bcfd, (Calpine)

14. Undecided: 1.0+. Bcfd, (ExxonMobil)

15. Somerset, MA : 0.65 Bcfd (Somerset LNG)

16. Louisiana Offshore : 1.0 Bcfd (McMoRan Exp.)

17. Belmar, NJ Offshore : n/a, n/a (El Paso Global)

18. So. California Offshore : 0.5 Bcfd, (Chevron Texaco)

19. Bahamas : 0.5 Bcfd, (El Paso Sea Fare)

20. Altamira, Tamulipas : 1.12 Bcfd, (Shell)

21. Baja California : 1.3 Bcfd, (Sempra)

22. Baja California : 1.4 Bcfd, (Chevron Texaco)

23. Baja California : 0.85 Bcfd, (Marathon)

24. Baja California : 1.3 Bcfd, (Shell)

25. St. John, NB : 0.75 Bcfd, (Irving Oil & Chevron Canada)

26. California Offshore: 1.5 Bcfd, (BHP Billiton)

27. Point Tupper, NS 0.75 Bcf/d (Access Northeast Energy)

28. Harpswell, ME 0.5 Bcf/d (Fairwinds LNG – CP & TCPL)

Existing and Proposed

LNG Terminals

27

25

A

15

5

17

B

13

18

6

26

C

21

19

22

D

1

2

3

23

12

4

11

24

16

8

9

10

20

October 2003

Office of Energy Projects

19


Maximum lng deliverability growth bcf d

Maximum LNGDeliverability Growth (Bcf/d)


What have we been doing lately

What Have WeBeen Doing Lately?

A quick look at Western US Gas Infrastructure


The west is dependent on production from gas originating mainly in the rockies southwest and canada

The West is dependent on production from gas originating mainly in the Rockies, Southwest and Canada.

Western Gas

Facts - 2001

Source: EIA’s Natural Gas Annual 2001 and US Crude Oil, Natural Gas, and Natural Gas Liquid Reserves 2001 Annual Report

22

Office of Energy Projects


What s up with infrastructure

Over the past 10 years, the electric generation has been the fastest growing sector in the West and is now the largest gas consuming sector.

Source: EIA’s Natural Gas Annual 2001 with supporting data, and EIA’s Historical Consumption by State

23

Office of Energy Projects


What s up with infrastructure

Planned gas-fired electric plants in the west for the period 2003-2005 will be located along the major interstate natural gas pipelines, and along the intrastate natural gas pipelines in California.

Source: RDI’s Powermap and NewGen (May 2003 data)

24

Office of Energy Projects


What s up with infrastructure

Major Western Interstate Gas Pipelines

Colorado Interstate Gas Co.

El Paso Natural Gas Co.

Kern River Gas Transmission

Mojave Pipeline Co.

Northern Border Pipeline Co.

Northwest Pipeline Corp.

Paiute Pipeline Co.

PG&E Gas Transmission, Northwest

Questar Gas Co.

Southern Star Central Gas

Southern Trails Pipeline

Trailblazer Pipeline Co.

TransColorado Gas Transmission

Transwestern Pipeline Co.

Tuscarora Gas Transmission

Williston Basin Interstate

Wyoming Interstate Co., Ltd.

The West is dependent on pipeline capacity originating in Canada and the Southwest. As the Rocky Mountain basins develop, increased pipeline capacity will be required to transport this gas towards markets in the West and Midwest.

3.8 Bcf/d

0.4 Bcf/d

1.8 Bcf/d

1.1 Bcf/d

1.8 Bcf/d

0.5 Bcf/d

0.2 Bcf/d

Source: RDI’s Powermap and EEA’s April 2002 data base (Average Pipeline Capacity for 2002)

25

Office of Energy Projects


26 of total us gas reserves are located in the rocky mountain region

Big

Horn

Basin

Powder

River

Basin

Wind River

Basin

Overthrust

Belt

MT

WY

Green River

Basin

Denver

Basin

UT

CO

26% Of Total US Gas Reserves Are Located in the Rocky Mountain Region.

Rocky Mountains

Total Resources 209 Tcf

Conventional 29 Tcf

Non-Conventional 180 Tcf

(Coal Bed Methane 45 Tcf)

Wyoming

Southwestern Wyoming & Powder River Basin 101 Tcf

Powder River Basin – Coal Bed Methane 14.3 Tcf

Sources: Wyoming Energy Commission’s Website; Mr. Chris Schenk of USGS; USGS’ Assessment of Oil and Gas Resources in Priority Basins in the US; and Power Map


Proved gas reserves

Proved Gas Reserves

  • Wyoming and Colorado comprised 10% and 7%, respectively, of EIA’s estimated total proved US gas reserves of 183.5 Tcf as of 12/31/01.

  • Wyoming had the largest increase in proved reserves, by state or federal region, from 2000 to 2001 at 2.2 Tcf. (Total US reserves increased by 6 Tcf.)


Rocky mountain pipelines

Rocky Mountain Pipelines

Eleven interstate

pipelines are located

within the four states

that encompass the

Rocky Mountain region.

These 11 pipelines have

total average pipeline

capacity of

5,204 MMcf/d coming

out of the Rockies as of

May 2003.

Source: RDI Power Map and Capacity Volumes from Energy and Environmental Analysis Inc’s (EEA) April 2002 Base Case.


Interstate pipeline capacity out of wyoming

FERC

Interstate Pipeline Capacity Out of Wyoming

0.2 Bcf

Note: Williams Gas Pipelines Central Inc.

is now Southern Star Central Gas Pipeline.

Opal

Hub

2.2 Bcf

Cheyenne

Hub

3.1 Bcf

Source: RDI PowerMap and various flow diagrams on file at the FERC.

29


Productive capacity vs pipeline capacity

Productive Capacity vs.Pipeline Capacity

  • EIA shows that the Rockies could produce up to 6 Bcf per day through 2003.

  • Wyoming Energy Commission shows that the Rockies could produce up to almost 8.0 Bcf per day by 2005 and 11.0 Bcf per day by 2010.

  • Both of these totals are greater than the current pipeline capacity of the region.


Contact

Contact

JEFF WRIGHT

[email protected]

202-502-8617


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