MEDICINE IN MIDDLE AGES. Assist.Prof.Dr. Mehmet KARATAŞ Department of History of Medicine and Ethics. Medicine In Middle Ages. 500 AD-1500 AD First period Second period : Mostly philosophica , Under influence of ancient medicine ( Greek -Roma cultures )
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MEDICINE IN MIDDLE AGES
Assist.Prof.Dr. Mehmet KARATAŞ
Department of History of Medicine and Ethics
500 AD-1500 AD
Underinfluence of ancientmedicine
Christianity appeared as a monotheistic religion in Roman Empire and in 4rd century became a state religion.
Schools of medicine in theMiddleAgesItaly (9th century)
Whilereligionwasveryinfluential at first on theseschools,
itsinfluencestartedtodecrease in time and in 1130 practice
Evil could be everywhere and could challenge human beings. Psychiatric patients were believed to be in cooperation with evil and they were burned in public in town centers. Sometimes priests tried to take devil from their body. This called was exorcism and in fact, they applied serious torture procedures to those poor patients.
Monasticism was a part of the Middle Age culture. Following the hermitic tradition of separation from worldly society, monks lived in monasteries.
Through the Middle Ages leprosy and plague were important diseases. Leprosy people were stigmatized in western world and separated from the society. In fact, a variety of skin diseases were also identified as leprosy. Epidemics of typhus, smallpox, and other diseases spread with crusaders through the continent. Plague was the most horrible disease and was called as Black Death. Especially plague epidemics influenced societies so deeply. Many people died with this epidemic and those scenes were described place in the Western art later on.
Ortaçağ döneminde İtalya’da bulunan üç ünlü tıp okulu hangileriydi?
Cevap 1: Milano, Salerno, Padova
Orataçağ döneminde dünyada özellikle etkili olan hastalıklar nelerdi?
Cevap 2: Veba, lepra, çiçek, tifüs