2014 overview national streamgage network design by usgs
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2014 OVERVIEW: National Streamgage Network Design by USGS . USGS Streamgage Network a n effective combination to achieve high quality science based on reliable measurements and shared investment guided to meet national priorities. USGS Streamgaging History.

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2014 OVERVIEW: National Streamgage Network Design by USGS

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2014 overview national streamgage network design by usgs

2014 OVERVIEW:NationalStreamgageNetwork Designby USGS


2014 overview national streamgage network design by usgs

USGS Streamgage Network

an effective combinationto achieve high quality science based on reliable measurements and shared investmentguided to meet national priorities


Usgs streamgaging history

USGS Streamgaging History

John Wesley Powell (USGS Director; 1881 – 1894) directed USGS to begin monitoring streamflow in the American west

First USGS gage installed 1889 to monitor the Rio Grande near Embudo, New Mexico

By 1895, streamflow was being monitored by USGS in 27 states/territories

Most stations in 1968 = 8,320 in operation

In 2012, USGS was operating 8,025 Streamgages


2014 overview national streamgage network design by usgs

National Streamgage Network

  • Cooperative Water ProgramCWP = 4,521 streamgages in 2012(+750 interpretive studies)

  • National Streamflow Information ProgramNSIP = 3,504 streamgages in 2012

    8,025 total USGS active streamgages

    an effective combinationto achieve high quality sciencebased on reliable measurementsand shared investmentguided to meet national priorities


2014 overview national streamgage network design by usgs

National Streamgage Network


Cooperative water program

Cooperative Water Program

CWP Mission: to provide reliable, impartial, and timely information needed to understand the Nation's water resources through a program of shared efforts and funding with state, tribal, and local partners to enable decision makers to wisely manage the Nation's water resources.


Cooperative water program1

Cooperative Water Program

  • CWP = hydrologic data+ investigative studies

  • Program started as a 50:50 cost-sharenot authorized by Congress, except for specific direction in annual federal appropriations legislation

  • Engages more than 1,500 cost-share “Cooperators”

  • Active in every state & most territories

  • Guided to meet national priorities


Cooperative water program2

Cooperative Water Program

  • CWP = hydrologic data + investigative studies

  • Data collection by USGS maintaining high QA/QCAccessible to all without chargeConsistent, Reliable & Available 24x7x365

  • Data & studies are limited by funding, but Cooperators are paying 2x the USGS funds

    • Competitive selection applying national priorities

    • USGS scientists get direct involvement in latest challenges

    • Cooperators get impartial science expertise from a national agency that has no regulatory function


National streamflow information program nsip

National Streamflow Information Program (NSIP)

  • Requested by Congress in 1998USGS design was reviewed by NAS/NRC in 2004NSIP was authorized by Congress in 2009

  • Program concept is to establish a reliablenational “backbone” streamgage network to meet 5 specific, national needs andprovide benchmark for monitoring by others

  • Design = Network of 4,759 streamgagesStrategic locations across America asFoundation for other streamgage networksReliable + Continuous  Federal Funded

    4,759 does not provide sufficient resolution to meet federalneeds and constrain uncertainty without CWP supplement to bring national streamgage network to more than 8,000


National research council review

National Research Council Review

  • 2004 review of USGS design for NSIP

  • 2007 review of USGS River Science

  • 2009 review of USGS Water Program

  • New science and more data are neededby federal, state, tribal, interstate and local officials to effectively manage watertowards sustainable ends

  • American water community needs anational leader in water sciences

  • Favorable review of USGS operations, science capabilities and NSIP design


National streamflow information program

National Streamflow Information Program

  • Reliable national streamgage network to meet5 specific, national needs

  • Design =network of 4,759 monitoring sitesreliable + continuous  federal fundedActual < 75% currently operating, and 87% of those 3,504 streamgages lack reliable funding (i.e., depend on CWP Cooperators & OFAs), which defeats the intended reliability of NSIP

  • A fully implemented NSIP would require$115 M to complete and $110 M/yr to operate


National streamflow information program implementation s tatus

National Streamflow Information Program Implementation Status


2014 overview national streamgage network design by usgs

National Streamgage NetworkTotal NSIP + CWP Streamgages


2014 overview national streamgage network design by usgs

National Streamgage Network

effective combination to achieve high quality science based on reliable measurements and shared investmentguided to meet national priorities

Contact ICWP/Peter Evanswww.icwp.org (703) 243-7383 or [email protected]


2014 overview national streamgage network design by usgs

USGS Streamgage Network

An effective combinationto achieve high quality sciencebased on reliable measurementsand shared investmentguided to meet national priorities

  • Cooperative Water Programwithout the cost-share investmentfederal government would not have adequate coverage

  • National Streamflow Information Programwithout reliable funding for the set of “backbone” streamgagesfederal government loses long-term records needed toidentify trends and support interpretive science

    8,025 total USGS active streamgages providing the benchmark needed by USGS and other agencies


Stakeholder support coalition

Stakeholder Support Coalition

  • Organized by ICWPwith help from:

    • Western States Water Council

    • Association of State Floodplain Managers

    • American Society of Civil Engineers

    • National Water Resources Association

    • American Rivers

    • National Wildlife Federation


Stakeholder support coalition1

Stakeholder Support Coalition

  • Focused effort to inform the Administration (Interior & OMB) and Congress

  • 57 organizations endorsed the 2014 letters


2014 stakeholder coalition

2014 Stakeholder Coalition

  • Alabama Rivers Alliance

  • American Canoe Association

  • American Meteorological Society

  • American Rivers

  • American Society of Civil Engineers

  • American Water Resources Association

  • American Water Works Association

  • American Whitewater

  • Appalachian Mountain Club

  • Association of American State Geologists

  • Association of California Water Agencies

  • Association of Clean Water Administrators

  • Association of Fish and Wildlife Agencies

  • Association of Metropolitan Water Agencies

  • Association of State Dam Safety Officials

  • Association of State Floodplain Managers

  • Bear River Commission

  • California Sportfishing Protection Alliance

  • Coastal States Organization

  • Colorado River Basin Salinity Control Forum

  • Colorado Water Congress

  • Delaware River Basin Commission

  • Environmental Defense Fund

  • Farmington River Watershed Association

  • Great Lakes Commission

  • Hydropower Reform Coalition

  • Idaho Rivers United

  • Idaho Water Users Association

  • Interstate Commission on the Potomac River Basin

  • Interstate Council on Water Policy

  • Irrigation Association

  • Maryland Water Monitoring Council

  • Missouri River Association of States & Tribes

  • National Association of Clean Water Agencies

  • National Association of Flood& Stormwater Management Agencies

  • National Association of State Boating Law Administrators

  • National Drought Mitigation Center

  • National Hydrologic Warning Council

  • National Hydropower Association

  • National Water Resources Association

  • National Tribal Water Council

  • National Wildlife Federation

  • The Nature Conservancy

  • New England Interstate Water Pollution Control Commission

  • Ohio River Valley Water Sanitation Commission

  • Oregon Water Resources Congress

  • Red River Compact Commission

  • Susquehanna River Basin Commission

  • Texas Water Conservation Association

  • Trout Unlimited

  • Upper Colorado River Compact Commission

  • Upper Mississippi River Basin Association

  • Washington State Water Resources Association

  • Water Environment Federation

  • Western Landowners Alliance

  • Western States Water Council

  • Yellowstone River Compact Commission


36 states support

36 States Support

  • Alabama

  • Arkansas

  • California

  • Colorado

  • Connecticut

  • Idaho

  • Illinois

  • Iowa

  • Kansas

  • Kentucky

  • Maine

  • Maryland

  • Massachusetts

  • Minnesota

  • Missouri

  • Montana

  • Nevada

  • Nebraska

  • New Hampshire

  • New Jersey

  • New Mexico

  • New York

  • North Dakota

  • Oklahoma

  • Oregon

  • Rhode Island

  • Texas

  • South Carolina

  • South Dakota

  • Utah

  • Vermont

  • Virginia

  • Washington


2014 overview national streamgage network design by usgs

National Streamgage Networkby USGS

effective combinationto achieve high quality science based on reliable measurements and shared investmentguided by national priorities


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