State of happiness in hong kong 2006
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State of Happiness in Hong Kong 2006. An IHSS Study Lok Sang Ho Centre for Public Policy Studies Lingnan University. How happy are HK people?. Question: Overall, How happy are you? 0 indicates very unhappy 10 indicates very happy The score is then multiplied by100.

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State of Happiness in Hong Kong 2006

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State of happiness in hong kong 2006

State of Happiness in Hong Kong 2006

An IHSS Study

Lok Sang Ho

Centre for Public Policy Studies

Lingnan University


How happy are hk people

How happy are HK people?

Question:

Overall, How happy are you?

0 indicates very unhappy

10 indicates very happy

The score is then multiplied by100


Are you happier over the last 10 years

Are you happier over the last 10 years?

  • Question:

  • Are you happier over the last 10 years?

  • 0 ------------------------ 5 ----------------- 10

    (Happiness Decreased

    a lot) (No change) (Increased a lot)

    The score is then multiplied by 100


Happiness index are hk people happier over the last 10years 2005 06

Happiness Index & Are HK people happier over the last 10years, 2005 & 06


Happiness index by age groups 2006

Happiness Index by Age Groups2006


Main findings in 2006 survey

Main Findings in 2006 Survey

  • Overall reading is 70.58, still a very good result by international standards. Working population happier than last year; non-working population less happy than last year.

  • Young people in their 20s clearly happier than last year, at 69.86, as compared to 67.39.


Happiness index by age groups working population only 2005 and 06

Happiness Index by Age Groups (Working Population only) 2005 and 06


Inequality adjusted happiness index

Inequality-adjusted happiness index

  • Adjusted with reference to the dispersion of happiness indices across groups

  • We have not done the adjustment; but disparity has narrowed across age groups in 2006


Personal income by age groups 2005

Personal Income by Age Groups 2005


Personal income by age groups 2006

Personal Income by Age Groups 2006


Happiness index by occupation 2005 06

Happiness Index by Occupation2005 & 06


Happiness index by occupation 2005 061

Happiness Index by Occupation2005 & 06


Sources of changes

Sources of Changes?

  • Improving job market for young people (Compared with last year, more young people move to higher income category)

  • Happiness index for clerical staff and elementary occupation also increased significantly this year. This reflects the labour market in 2006 is much better.

  • Possible factors that trouble the elderly people and housewife :

    less company with family members busy with their work?


Happiness by sex

Happiness by Sex


Happiness index by marital status

Happiness Index by Marital Status


Happiness index by spiritual practice vs no spiritual practice

Happiness Index by Spiritual Practice vs No Spiritual Practice


Happiness index by education 2006

Happiness Index by Education 2006


Happiness index by education and income

Happiness Index by Education and Income

Low personal income = <$6999

High personal income = >$7000


Happiness by industry in 2006

Happiness by Industry in 2006


Life goals

Life Goals


Major concerns of hk people health quite a concern 10 denotes most worried 22 3

Major Concerns of HK People:Health Quite A Concern : 10 denotes Most Worried (22.3%)

Mean=6.78

n=820


State of happiness in hong kong 2006

Health Care Expenses: Quite a Concern:

10 denotes Most Worried (16.3%)


State of happiness in hong kong 2006

Income Not Meeting Needs : Some 7.9% are most worried


State of happiness in hong kong 2006

Worries over Post Retirement Expenses: 13.3% Most Worried


State of happiness in hong kong 2006

Education Cost: A Major Concern for 8.5% of Families with Children


State of happiness in hong kong 2006

Relations with Family Members: 7.6% Most Worried


State of happiness in hong kong 2006

Relations with Colleagues: Usually not a concern


State of happiness in hong kong 2006

Relations with Superiors at Work: Generally Not a Concern


State of happiness in hong kong 2006

Worried about inadequate democracy: a significant minority- some 6.6 % most worried


State of happiness in hong kong 2006

Judicial Independence and Lawfulness: 11.2 % Most Worried


Regression analysis

Regression Analysis

Dependent variable: Happiness Index

* = 10% Sig. and *** = 1% Sig.


Importance of open election of hksar chief executive vs civic liberties on happiness

Importance of Open Election of HKSAR Chief Executive vs. Civic Liberties on Happiness


Conclusions

Conclusions

  • Hong Kong people are generally happy

  • Young people much happier over last year

  • Loving, caring people are the happiest;

  • Love starts from the family;

  • Spiritually inclined people happier than those after material gains;

  • Unemployment, medical spending, retirement concerns, relations with family members are key sources of unhappiness in HK: Policy relieving these worries will promote happiness

  • Educated people usually happier, but effect is mainly through the effects of education attainment on income


Conclusions1

Conclusions

  • Public policy should make a serious attempt to alleviate these worries;

  • Schools should teach students how to cope with life’s challenges; they do not seem to have done a good job in this regard;

  • Young people are much happier in 2006, benefiting from the brighter economic prospects;

  • Long work-hours probably are making non-working members of the family unhappy;

  • Hong Kong still a very attractive place to live in.


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