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State of Happiness in Hong Kong 2006. An IHSS Study Lok Sang Ho Centre for Public Policy Studies Lingnan University. How happy are HK people?. Question: Overall, How happy are you? 0 indicates very unhappy 10 indicates very happy The score is then multiplied by100.

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State of happiness in hong kong 2006

State of Happiness in Hong Kong 2006

An IHSS Study

Lok Sang Ho

Centre for Public Policy Studies

Lingnan University


How happy are hk people
How happy are HK people?

Question:

Overall, How happy are you?

0 indicates very unhappy

10 indicates very happy

The score is then multiplied by100


Are you happier over the last 10 years
Are you happier over the last 10 years?

  • Question:

  • Are you happier over the last 10 years?

  • 0 ------------------------ 5 ----------------- 10

    (Happiness Decreased

    a lot) (No change) (Increased a lot)

    The score is then multiplied by 100



Happiness index by age groups 2006
Happiness Index by Age Groups 10years, 2005 & 062006


Main findings in 2006 survey
Main Findings in 2006 Survey 10years, 2005 & 06

  • Overall reading is 70.58, still a very good result by international standards. Working population happier than last year; non-working population less happy than last year.

  • Young people in their 20s clearly happier than last year, at 69.86, as compared to 67.39.



Inequality adjusted happiness index
Inequality-adjusted happiness index and 06

  • Adjusted with reference to the dispersion of happiness indices across groups

  • We have not done the adjustment; but disparity has narrowed across age groups in 2006






Sources of changes
Sources of and 06Changes?

  • Improving job market for young people (Compared with last year, more young people move to higher income category)

  • Happiness index for clerical staff and elementary occupation also increased significantly this year. This reflects the labour market in 2006 is much better.

  • Possible factors that trouble the elderly people and housewife :

    less company with family members busy with their work?






Happiness index by education and income
Happiness Index by Education and Income Practice

Low personal income = <$6999

High personal income = >$7000



Life goals
Life Goals Practice


Major concerns of hk people health quite a concern 10 denotes most worried 22 3
Major Concerns of HK People: PracticeHealth Quite A Concern : 10 denotes Most Worried (22.3%)

Mean=6.78

n=820


Health Care Expenses: Quite a Concern: Practice

10 denotes Most Worried (16.3%)










Regression analysis
Regression Analysis some 6.6 % most worried

Dependent variable: Happiness Index

* = 10% Sig. and *** = 1% Sig.



Conclusions
Conclusions Civic Liberties on Happiness

  • Hong Kong people are generally happy

  • Young people much happier over last year

  • Loving, caring people are the happiest;

  • Love starts from the family;

  • Spiritually inclined people happier than those after material gains;

  • Unemployment, medical spending, retirement concerns, relations with family members are key sources of unhappiness in HK: Policy relieving these worries will promote happiness

  • Educated people usually happier, but effect is mainly through the effects of education attainment on income


Conclusions1
Conclusions Civic Liberties on Happiness

  • Public policy should make a serious attempt to alleviate these worries;

  • Schools should teach students how to cope with life’s challenges; they do not seem to have done a good job in this regard;

  • Young people are much happier in 2006, benefiting from the brighter economic prospects;

  • Long work-hours probably are making non-working members of the family unhappy;

  • Hong Kong still a very attractive place to live in.


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