Commercial uses of cells
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 13

Commercial uses of cells PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 68 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

Commercial uses of cells. Intermediate 2 Biology Unit 1: Living Cells. Learning Objectives. To revise knowledge on cell variety and cell structure Revise the function of nucleus, cytoplasm, cell membrane, cell wall, chloroplasts and vacuole.

Download Presentation

Commercial uses of cells

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Commercial uses of cells

Commercial uses of cells

Intermediate 2 Biology

Unit 1: Living Cells


Learning objectives

Learning Objectives

  • To revise knowledge on cell variety and cell structure

  • Revise the function of nucleus, cytoplasm, cell membrane, cell wall, chloroplasts and vacuole.

  • To revise anaerobic respiration / fermentation in yeast

  • Revise the use of fungi to make antibiotics

  • Revise yoghurt production

  • Revise biogas and gasohol production


Cell structure and function

Cell Structure and Function

  • Why is the cell described as the basic unit of life?

  • Name three structural features that a typical plant cell and a typical animal cell have in common.

  • Name three structural features present in an Elodea leaf cell but absent from a cheek epithelial cell.

  • Give the function of each of the following structures: cell membrane, cell wall, nucleus.


Commercial and industrial uses of cells

Commercial and Industrial Uses of Cells

  • Give the word equations for aerobic and anaerobic respiration in yeast.

  • Describe the role of carbon dioxide in bread making

  • Write a simple word equation to summarise the process of malting in barley grains about to be used in the brewing of beer.

  • Copy the following sentences choosing the correct answer from each choice in brackets:

    • During the production of yoghurt, (bacteria/yeast) respire (aerobically/anaerobically) and convert (maltose/lactose) to (lactic acid/alcohol). This chemical brings about the coagulation of milk (proteins/sugars) and acts as (an antibiotic/a preservative).


Commercial use of micro organisms

Commercial use of Micro-organisms

  • Microbes used commercially and in industry are:

    • Fungi

      • bread making, brewing, gasohol (alternative fuel) and antibiotics

    • Bacteria

      • yoghurt production and biogas (methane gas)


Gasohol and yeast

GASOHOL AND YEAST

  • Alcohol and Gasohol are renewable fuels.

  • Alcohol is produced in fermentation

  • When yeast ferments sugar, alcohol is produced, but in small amounts.

  • The alcohol can be separated from the fermentation mixture by distillation. Alcohol is flammable and can be used as a fuel.

  • If Alcohol is mixed with petrol it produces gasohol


Gasohol production

Gasohol Production


Biogas and bacteria

BIOGAS AND BACTERIA

  • Some bacteria produce methane gas in conditions where oxygen concentrations are low.

  • This gas is rich in chemical energy and can be burned. This is biogas.

  • Biogas can be produced from organic waste and is a gas produced by decaying rubbish


Biogas production

Biogas Production


Commercial and industrial uses of cells yeast summary

Commercial and Industrial uses of cells – YEAST SUMMARY

  • Bread making

    • anaerobic respiration in yeast produces carbon dioxide which makes the dough rise.

  • Alcohol production

    • fermentation (anaerobic respiration) in yeast produces alcohol. The sugar comes from malted barley or fruit.

  • Alternative fuels

    • When alcohol is mixed with petrol it is gasohol


Commercial and industrial uses of cells bacteria summary

Commercial and Industrial uses of cells – BACTERIA SUMMARY

  • Yogurt production

    • bacteria convert the sugar (lactose) in milk into lactic acid. The lactic acid causes the milk to thicken and curdle.

  • Alternative fuels

    • Bacteria ferment (anaerobic respiration waste products and produce methane gas.

    • This is called Biogas


5 mark questions labelled diagrams may be included where appropriate

5 Mark QuestionsLabelled diagrams may be included where appropriate.

  • Describe how cells are used in the production of yoghurt and alternative fuel. Include in your answer for both, the type of cell used, the substrates and the products.( Int 2 2005)

  • Describe the function of yeast in bread making and the anaerobic pathway of respiration involved in this process. (Int 2 2008)


Question 5 marks

Question – 5 marks

  • The diagram below shows a container used for home wine production.

  • Describe the anaerobic pathway of respiration which results in wine production in this container.


  • Login