Working Models of Attachment and Reactions to Different Forms of Caregiving. Jeffry A. Simpson University of Minnesota "The past is never dead; it's not even past." --Gavin Stevens, in William Faulkner's Requiem for a Nun
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Jeffry A. Simpson
University of Minnesota
"The past is never dead; it's not even past."
--Gavin Stevens, in William Faulkner's Requiem for a Nun
Collaborators: Heike Winterheld, Steven Rholes, & Minda Oriña; NIMH grant MH49599
Social support does not always alleviate distress:
Support recipients do not always benefit from or feel better after receiving support, and sometimes they actually feel worse (Taylor, 2007).
Bowlby (1969, 1973, 1980):
- Self: Am I worthy of love/support?
- Others: Are others willing to provide
love/support when I need it?
Simpson, Winterheld, Rholes, & Oriña(JPSP, in press): Studying long-term dating couples, we assessed the extent to which: (a) each individual offered emotional, instrumental/informational, and physical forms of caregiving when his/her partner appeared distressed during a conflict resolution task, and (b) how calmed/satisfied the care-recipient appeared following caregiving from his/her partner.
1. More secure individuals should be more calmed/satisfied if their partners offer more emotional forms of care (HO1a), particularly if they (care-recipients) are more distressed (HO1b).
2. More insecure (dismissive) individuals should be more calmed/satisfied if their partners offer more instrumental/informational forms of care (HO2a), especially if they (care-recipients) are more distressed (HO2b).
(1) The extent to which the care-recipient appeared calmed by care provision at time points when s/he appeared most distressed during the discussion.
(2) The extent to which the care-recipient appeared satisfied with the general resolution of the conflict.
Variable: Women: Men: t(187):
M: SD: M: SD:
AAI Security 4.31 1.84 3.94 2.00 -1.30, ns
Instrumental Care 4.19 1.20 3.91 1.06 -2.23, p< .03
Emotional Care 3.48 .95 3.33 .98 -1.26, ns
Physical Care 4.35 .91 4.53 1.02 1.50, ns
Calming Response 8.54 1.40 9.06 1.23 3.08, p < .01
Stress/Anxiety 25.02 1.73 24.77 1.83 -1.68, ns
Scale Ranges:AAI Security = 1-6; Instrumental/Informational, Emotional, and Physical Care = 1-9; Calming Response = 2-18; Stress/Anxiety =5-45.
Actor-Partner Interdependence Model (APIM) analyses revealed:
-- For men, the strongest links involve the reported frequency of greater emotional support received from partners; weaker effects exist for the reported frequency of instrumental support.