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Visual Arts Assessment A Review of the Following: *Art Vocabulary *Elements of Design *Principles of Design Art Vocabulary Collage - an artwork made by pasting pieces of paper or other materials to a flat surface

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visual arts assessment a review of the following

Visual Arts Assessment A Review of the Following:

*Art Vocabulary

*Elements of Design

*Principles of Design

art vocabulary
Art Vocabulary
  • Collage- an artwork made by pasting pieces of paper or other materials to a flat surface
  • Design- the way elements are put together in a work….also called composition
  • Original- artwork that looks different from other artwork: not copied
  • Portrait- painting or drawing of a person
  • SubjectMatter- the subject focused on in a work of art
elements of design
Elements of Design

The elements of design are things that an artist uses to make up a work of art…you need to know these in order to break an artwork down and analyze it.

They are:

line, shape, color, form, texture, space, and value

Let’s examine each element………

slide4
This drawing is made up of lines: curved ones, straight ones, broken ones, dark ones, light ones, etc.
  • Line is the dominant element in this artwork

Types of lines:

Diagonal, vertical, horizontal

Qualities of lines:

Jagged, curved, straight, dotted, thick, thin, broken, dark, light

slide5
Shape- made by closing an area with a line……….. Shape:

Not a Shape:

Geometric shape- square, circle, triangle, etc.

Shapes can be organic or geometric….this artist used both types of shapes.

Organic shape- natural shapes

slide6
Color- many artists use color to make their work stand out.
  • Knowing how to mix colors is essential…and using the color wheel helps us to learn to mix them:

Primary colors- red, blue, yellow…the “first” colors

Secondary colors- orange, green, violet….mix these by combining the primaries.

Intermediate colors- red-violet, blue-violet, red-orange, yellow-orange, blue-green, yellow-green….these are made by mixing the primary and secondary colors together.

slide7
Form- any type of artwork that has three dimensions (3-D) has form:

…and Sculpture

Like Architecture

slide8
Texture- it is the way something feels or looks like it feels; artists can create the illusion of texture (called visual texture) or they can actually create physical texture (called actual texture):

ACTUAL TEXTURE

VISUAL TEXTURE

slide9
Space- the area that an artist creates in an artwork; the artist places things in a way to use space wisely….like using positive or negative space to make the work interesting:

POSITIVE SPACE…THE SPACE TAKEN UP BY THE OBJECT

LOOK AT THIS NEGATIVE SPACE BEING USED AROUND THE POSITIVE SPACE

slide10
Space can also be used to make an artwork look as if it has depth. The following are ways to create depth in a picture:

Placement

-objects are placed higher on the page to

make them appear further

Linear perspective

- objects are drawn which seem to disappear

toward a vanishing point

Overlapping

-placing one object in front of another

to make one appear closer

slide11
Value- the lightness or darkness of a color

LIGHT VALUES OF BLUE

DARK VALUES OF BLUE

slide12

PRINCIPLES OF DESIGN

The principles of design are basically how we use the elements of design….in other words, the rules/principles that artists use to organize the elements (line, shape, color, form, texture, space, and value) to make an artwork look good.

The principles of design are:

Center of Interest, Contrast, Repetition, Rhythm, Balance, Movement, and Variety

slide13

CENTER OF INTEREST- the focal point in an artwork…

What catches your attention first in a work.

The girl is the center of interest

…..she is surrounded by a lot of empty space, so that your eyes are drawn to her….this is a technique that artists use when they want you to focus on a main area in an artwork

slide14
Contrast- when you use things in a work that are very different from eachother….like dark/light

Notice the dark colors in the foreground and the light in the background

Artists use contrast to catch attention….often to make a work seem dramatic

slide15
Repetition- repeating shapes, lines, objects in a work to make it interesting

This artist used repeating stars to surround the center of interest. It adds interest to the work.

slide16
Rhythm- just like music, artists also use rhythm….artists can use rhythm to make your eye flow across the page.

This artist repeated objects over and over to create a rhythm to lead your eye across the work

slide17
Balance- artworks need balance so that the subject matter doesn’t seem too heavy on one side

This work is balanced with symmetry (same on each side)

This work is balanced using asymmetry….it is not the same on each side, but is still balanced.

slide18

Movement- the artist can use elements of art to move your eye across the page….they can determine where they want your eyes to go.

In this painting, the artist moves your eyes from the front of the work with the place settings toward the back of the work to the girl in the chair.

slide19
Variety- artists don’t want their paintings to be boring, so they often use a variety of sizes, shapes, colors, etc. to make their works interesting.

Notice the variety of shapes (large, small, square, circular) and lines in this work.

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