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Visual Arts Assessment A Review of the Following: *Art Vocabulary *Elements of Design *Principles of Design Art Vocabulary Collage - an artwork made by pasting pieces of paper or other materials to a flat surface

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Visual arts assessment a review of the following l.jpg

Visual Arts Assessment A Review of the Following:

*Art Vocabulary

*Elements of Design

*Principles of Design

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Art Vocabulary

  • Collage- an artwork made by pasting pieces of paper or other materials to a flat surface

  • Design- the way elements are put together in a work….also called composition

  • Original- artwork that looks different from other artwork: not copied

  • Portrait- painting or drawing of a person

  • SubjectMatter- the subject focused on in a work of art

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Elements of Design

The elements of design are things that an artist uses to make up a work of art…you need to know these in order to break an artwork down and analyze it.

They are:

line, shape, color, form, texture, space, and value

Let’s examine each element………

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This drawing is made up of lines: curved ones, straight ones, broken ones, dark ones, light ones, etc.

  • Line is the dominant element in this artwork

Types of lines:

Diagonal, vertical, horizontal

Qualities of lines:

Jagged, curved, straight, dotted, thick, thin, broken, dark, light

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  • Shape- made by closing an area with a line……….. Shape:

    Not a Shape:

Geometric shape- square, circle, triangle, etc.

Shapes can be organic or geometric….this artist used both types of shapes.

Organic shape- natural shapes

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  • Color- many artists use color to make their work stand out.

  • Knowing how to mix colors is essential…and using the color wheel helps us to learn to mix them:

Primary colors- red, blue, yellow…the “first” colors

Secondary colors- orange, green, violet….mix these by combining the primaries.

Intermediate colors- red-violet, blue-violet, red-orange, yellow-orange, blue-green, yellow-green….these are made by mixing the primary and secondary colors together.

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  • Form- any type of artwork that has three dimensions (3-D) has form:

…and Sculpture

Like Architecture

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  • Texture- it is the way something feels or looks like it feels; artists can create the illusion of texture (called visual texture) or they can actually create physical texture (called actual texture):



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  • Space- the area that an artist creates in an artwork; the artist places things in a way to use space wisely….like using positive or negative space to make the work interesting:



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  • Space can also be used to make an artwork look as if it has depth. The following are ways to create depth in a picture:


    -objects are placed higher on the page to

    make them appear further

    Linear perspective

    - objects are drawn which seem to disappear

    toward a vanishing point


-placing one object in front of another

to make one appear closer

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  • Value- the lightness or darkness of a color



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The principles of design are basically how we use the elements of design….in other words, the rules/principles that artists use to organize the elements (line, shape, color, form, texture, space, and value) to make an artwork look good.

The principles of design are:

Center of Interest, Contrast, Repetition, Rhythm, Balance, Movement, and Variety

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CENTER OF INTEREST- the focal point in an artwork…

What catches your attention first in a work.

The girl is the center of interest

…..she is surrounded by a lot of empty space, so that your eyes are drawn to her….this is a technique that artists use when they want you to focus on a main area in an artwork

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  • Contrast- when you use things in a work that are very different from eachother….like dark/light

Notice the dark colors in the foreground and the light in the background

Artists use contrast to catch attention….often to make a work seem dramatic

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  • Repetition- repeating shapes, lines, objects in a work to make it interesting

This artist used repeating stars to surround the center of interest. It adds interest to the work.

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  • Rhythm- just like music, artists also use rhythm….artists can use rhythm to make your eye flow across the page.

This artist repeated objects over and over to create a rhythm to lead your eye across the work

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  • Balance- artworks need balance so that the subject matter doesn’t seem too heavy on one side

This work is balanced with symmetry (same on each side)

This work is balanced using asymmetry….it is not the same on each side, but is still balanced.

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Movement- the artist can use elements of art to move your eye across the page….they can determine where they want your eyes to go.

In this painting, the artist moves your eyes from the front of the work with the place settings toward the back of the work to the girl in the chair.

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  • Variety- artists don’t want their paintings to be boring, so they often use a variety of sizes, shapes, colors, etc. to make their works interesting.

Notice the variety of shapes (large, small, square, circular) and lines in this work.

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