Visual Arts Assessment A Review of the Following: *Art Vocabulary *Elements of Design *Principles of Design Art Vocabulary Collage - an artwork made by pasting pieces of paper or other materials to a flat surface
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*Elements of Design
*Principles of Design
The elements of design are things that an artist uses to make up a work of art…you need to know these in order to break an artwork down and analyze it.
line, shape, color, form, texture, space, and value
Let’s examine each element………
This drawing is made up of lines: curved ones, straight ones, broken ones, dark ones, light ones, etc.
Types of lines:
Diagonal, vertical, horizontal
Qualities of lines:
Jagged, curved, straight, dotted, thick, thin, broken, dark, light
Not a Shape:
Geometric shape- square, circle, triangle, etc.
Shapes can be organic or geometric….this artist used both types of shapes.
Organic shape- natural shapes
Primary colors- red, blue, yellow…the “first” colors
Secondary colors- orange, green, violet….mix these by combining the primaries.
Intermediate colors- red-violet, blue-violet, red-orange, yellow-orange, blue-green, yellow-green….these are made by mixing the primary and secondary colors together.
POSITIVE SPACE…THE SPACE TAKEN UP BY THE OBJECT
LOOK AT THIS NEGATIVE SPACE BEING USED AROUND THE POSITIVE SPACE
-objects are placed higher on the page to
make them appear further
- objects are drawn which seem to disappear
toward a vanishing point
-placing one object in front of another
to make one appear closer
LIGHT VALUES OF BLUE
DARK VALUES OF BLUE
PRINCIPLES OF DESIGN ones, broken ones, dark ones, light ones, etc.
The principles of design are basically how we use the elements of design….in other words, the rules/principles that artists use to organize the elements (line, shape, color, form, texture, space, and value) to make an artwork look good.
The principles of design are:
Center of Interest, Contrast, Repetition, Rhythm, Balance, Movement, and Variety
CENTER OF INTEREST- ones, broken ones, dark ones, light ones, etc. the focal point in an artwork…
What catches your attention first in a work.
The girl is the center of interest
…..she is surrounded by a lot of empty space, so that your eyes are drawn to her….this is a technique that artists use when they want you to focus on a main area in an artwork
Notice the dark colors in the foreground and the light in the background
Artists use contrast to catch attention….often to make a work seem dramatic
This artist used repeating stars to surround the center of interest. It adds interest to the work.
This artist repeated objects over and over to create a rhythm to lead your eye across the work
This work is balanced with symmetry (same on each side)
This work is balanced using asymmetry….it is not the same on each side, but is still balanced.
Movement ones, broken ones, dark ones, light ones, etc.- the artist can use elements of art to move your eye across the page….they can determine where they want your eyes to go.
In this painting, the artist moves your eyes from the front of the work with the place settings toward the back of the work to the girl in the chair.
Notice the variety of shapes (large, small, square, circular) and lines in this work.