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Sparta Under Roman Rule. Important Dates. Classical (Archaic) AgogeEarly 6 th century to c. 270-250 B.C. Hellenistic (Cleomenean) Agoge226-188 B.C.  Roman Agoge146 B.C to Fourth Century A.D. . The Spartan Agoge.

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Sparta Under Roman Rule

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Sparta under roman rule

Sparta Under Roman Rule

Important dates

Important Dates

  • Classical (Archaic) AgogeEarly 6th century to c. 270-250 B.C.

  • Hellenistic (Cleomenean) Agoge226-188 B.C.

  •  Roman Agoge146 B.C to Fourth Century A.D.

The spartan agoge

The Spartan Agoge

  • General education began around the age of seven and boys were placed in age groups (Agalai)

  • Agelai were subject to numerous competitive events and staged battles.

  • Moa (Vocal Prowess Competition), Keloia (Hunting Cry Competition) and the Katheratorion (Mimed Dance or Hunt Competition)

  • The Temple of Artemis Orthia was the center of the agoge’s activities

  • Promoted Spartan Pride and Identity.

  • Successful completion of the public system of up-bringing, the agoge, was a pre-requisite for Spartan citizenship.

  • Spartan education was famed for its exceptional harshness and emphasis on physical skills and endurance.

  • The agoge was not simply an education system; it provided a sense of respect and obligation for all men

Age groups of the later agoge

Age Groups of the Later Agoge

  • AgeHellenistic PhaseRoman Phase

  • 14rhobidas-

  • 15promikizomenos-

  • 16mikizomenosmikichizomenos

  • 17propais pratopampais

  • 18paishatropampais

  • 19melleiren melleiren

  • 20eiren eiren

Diagram of the spartan acropolis

Diagram of the Spartan Acropolis

Pictures and facts about the temple of artemis orthia

Pictures and facts about the Temple Of Artemis Orthia

In this area of the sanctuary which is located in the ancient "demos" (district) of Limnes at Sparta, the excavations conducted by the British Archaeological School at Athens, at the beginning of the century, revealed remains of successive phases in the construction of the temple of Artemis Orthia. The last phase is dated to the Hellenistic period but interventions were also made in the temple , during the Roman period.

Sparta under roman rule

  • South of the sacred places were founded a large horse-shoe shaped amphitheatre which is nowadays preserved in good condition. This construction was used by worshippers and people attending the ceremonies and the games of youths, which were taking place at the area of the sanctuary

Sparta under roman rule

  • The marblestelai depicting sickles and the inscribed altars are connected with their donors. These were children which had successfully passed the test of whipping before they could enter the adolescents' teams.

Sparta under roman rule

  • East of the temple is preserved the big oblong altar which was made of stone slabs.



  • Kennel, Nigel. ­The Gymnasium of Virtue: Education and Culture in Ancient Sparta. London: University of North Carolina Press, 1995.

  • Plutarch. Trans. John Dryden. ­Life of Lycurgus.

  • Xenophon. Ed. E.J. Brill. Sparta. “The Policy of the Lacedaemonians.” New York: Brill, 1987.

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