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Source: Roth & Bruce (1995) PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Source: Roth & Bruce (1995). Source: members.lycos.nl/amazingart/. Source: members.lycos.nl/amazingart/. What did you mind have to do for you to ‘see’ things in the black and white patterns?. ?.

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Source: Roth & Bruce (1995)

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Source: Roth & Bruce (1995)


Source: members.lycos.nl/amazingart/


Source: members.lycos.nl/amazingart/


  • What did you mind have to do for you to ‘see’ things in the black and white patterns?


?

The mind takes in the impoverished sensory input and matches it to a schema derived from past experience. The schema is used to ‘fill in the blanks’ in the input and to give it a meaning. Your ability to ‘see’ what’s there depends on your having an appropriate schema.


Today’s session


Evaluating an approach

  • How effectively it explains human behaviour

  • Evidence on which it is based

  • Application to real-world problems

  • Contribution to psychology

  • Contribution to human understanding


Explaining human behaviour

  • How do behaviourists, social learning theorists and cognitivists explain phobia?

  • Which explanation is strongest?


Solving human problems

  • How do behaviourists, social learning theorists and cognitivists treat psychological problems?

  • Which treatment is best?


Evidence base

  • How do behaviourists, social learning theorists and cognitivists obtain evidence to construct and test their theories?

  • Which evidence base is most valid?


Cognitive

SLT

Behaviourist


Complete the sentence...

  • The cognitive approach overtook the behaviourist approach because...


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