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Power Point presentation: basics of music - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Rock and Roll: Musical Elements What is Music? The Art of Sound in time Sounds and silences arranged in temporal framework Defined by certain parameters or characteristics Characteristics of Art Line Foreground Background Composition Colors Style characteristics

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rock and roll

Rock and Roll:

Musical Elements

what is music
What is Music?
  • The Art of Sound in time
  • Sounds and silences arranged in temporal framework
  • Defined by certain parameters or characteristics
characteristics of art
Characteristics of Art
  • Line
  • Foreground
  • Background
  • Composition
  • Colors
  • Style characteristics
musical characteristics
Musical Characteristics
  • Stylistic influences
  • Foreground = melody, prominent sounds
  • Background = harmony or accompaniment
  • Composition = form
  • Color = tone color, sound of particular instruments
unique characteristics of music
Unique characteristics of music
  • How sounds deployed through time = rhythm
  • How quickly or slowly piece moves = tempo
  • How many sounds happening at once = texture
  • How loud or soft = dynamics
pitch
Pitch
  • A musical sound; a note
  • Each pitch has unique sound depending how it is produced = tone color
    • Vocals
    • Instruments
      • Effects
      • Guitar effects
rhythm
Rhythm
  • Regulates movement of music through time
  • Basic unit = beat
    • Regular pulse heard in most music
  • Organized in measures or bars
measure or bar
Measure or Bar
  • Group of beats
  • Number of beats in a measure is determined by the time signature (akameter)
    • In popular music, usually 4
melody
Melody
  • Dominant musical line
  • Contains main musical ideas of piece
    • Motive = short, distinct figure
    • Riff = motive with a distinct rhythm that repeats throughout piece
  • In popular music, usually the vocal line
  • Or solo instrument
harmony
Harmony
  • Sounds that provide support for a melody
  • Chord - simultaneous sounding of 3 or more notes
  • Most common in pop music = triad
    • Three notes
    • First, third, fifth notes of a scale
      • Ex. C D E F G A B C
    • 1 2 3 4 5 6 7
  • Harmonic progression – sequence of chords that define the key
slide11
Key
  • Scale upon which the piece is built
  • Pattern of half and whole steps
  • Important notes: tonic (1st) and dominant (5th)
  • Melodies frequently return to the tonic
basic chord progression
Basic Chord Progression
  • I - tonic - built on the first note of the scale
  • VI
  • IV - subdominant - built on the fourth
  • V - dominant - built on the fifth
  • I
ad