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Rock and Roll: Musical Elements What is Music? The Art of Sound in time Sounds and silences arranged in temporal framework Defined by certain parameters or characteristics Characteristics of Art Line Foreground Background Composition Colors Style characteristics

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Rock and Roll:

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Presentation Transcript


Rock and Roll:

Musical Elements


What is Music?

  • The Art of Sound in time

  • Sounds and silences arranged in temporal framework

  • Defined by certain parameters or characteristics


Characteristics of Art

  • Line

  • Foreground

  • Background

  • Composition

  • Colors

  • Style characteristics


Musical Characteristics

  • Stylistic influences

  • Foreground = melody, prominent sounds

  • Background = harmony or accompaniment

  • Composition = form

  • Color = tone color, sound of particular instruments


Unique characteristics of music

  • How sounds deployed through time = rhythm

  • How quickly or slowly piece moves = tempo

  • How many sounds happening at once = texture

  • How loud or soft = dynamics


Pitch

  • A musical sound; a note

  • Each pitch has unique sound depending how it is produced = tone color

    • Vocals

    • Instruments

      • Effects

      • Guitar effects


Rhythm

  • Regulates movement of music through time

  • Basic unit = beat

    • Regular pulse heard in most music

  • Organized in measures or bars


Measure or Bar

  • Group of beats

  • Number of beats in a measure is determined by the time signature (akameter)

    • In popular music, usually 4


Melody

  • Dominant musical line

  • Contains main musical ideas of piece

    • Motive = short, distinct figure

    • Riff = motive with a distinct rhythm that repeats throughout piece

  • In popular music, usually the vocal line

  • Or solo instrument


Harmony

  • Sounds that provide support for a melody

  • Chord - simultaneous sounding of 3 or more notes

  • Most common in pop music = triad

    • Three notes

    • First, third, fifth notes of a scale

      • Ex. C D E F G A B C

    • 1 2 3 4 5 6 7

  • Harmonic progression – sequence of chords that define the key


Key

  • Scale upon which the piece is built

  • Pattern of half and whole steps

  • Important notes: tonic (1st) and dominant (5th)

  • Melodies frequently return to the tonic


Basic Chord Progression

  • I - tonic - built on the first note of the scale

  • VI

  • IV - subdominant - built on the fourth

  • V - dominant - built on the fifth

  • I


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