Perchlorate occurrence in ventura and los angeles counties
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Perchlorate Occurrence in Ventura and Los Angeles Counties. Dennis A. Dickerson Executive Officer California Regional Water Quality Control Board Los Angeles Region. Perchlorate Detections. Since 1997 perchlorate has been increasingly identified in regional groundwater

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Perchlorate Occurrence in Ventura and Los Angeles Counties

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Perchlorate occurrence in ventura and los angeles counties

Perchlorate Occurrence in Ventura and Los Angeles Counties

Dennis A. Dickerson

Executive Officer

California Regional Water Quality Control Board

Los Angeles Region


Perchlorate detections

Perchlorate Detections

  • Since 1997 perchlorate has been increasingly identified in regional groundwater

    • Occurrence closely associated with defense and aerospace sites

    • Highest levels of contamination most likely from “legacy” sources

      • new sources not being created

    • In some locations, incidental contamination resulting from other sources cannot be ruled out, e.g., fireworks, road flares, fertilizers


Where do we find the highest concentrations of perchlorate in groundwater

Where do we find the highest concentrations of perchlorate in groundwater?

  • Greatest concentrations in groundwater are found closely associated with aerospace and defense sites

    • Aerojet (Baldwin Park)

    • JPL (Pasadena)

    • Santa Susana Field Lab (Boeing)


Significant source sites in ventura county

Significant Source Sites in Ventura County

  • Boeing’s Rocketdyne SSFL

    • Santa Susana Field Lab

      • near surface 48 ppb (ES-11)

      • Chatsworth 1,600 ppb (HAR-16)

      • Off-site 4-5 ppb, single detects not repeated

  • San Nicholas Island

    • US Navy 16 ppb

    • Maximum concentrations in groundwater


Other perchlorate detections in ventura county

Other Perchlorate Detections in Ventura County

  • Simi Valley

    • 17 detections in groundwater

      • all less than 20 ppb

      • 7 of the 17 detections less than 6 ppb

      • no definable plume

      • at present, no clear connection to SSFL as the source

  • Ahmanson Ranch

    • 28 ppb (MW-1)

      • split sample showed non-detect

      • pending additional round of sampling

    • Maximum concentrations in groundwater


Significant source sites in los angeles county

Significant Source Sites in Los Angeles County

  • Whittaker Bermite Site

    • Santa Clarita - 310,000 ppb

    • DTSC Order

  • NASA/JPL

    • Pasadena - 1,500 ppb

    • USEPA Order (Superfund Site)

  • Aerojet

    • Azusa - 2,180 ppb

    • Regional Water Board Order

    • Maximum concentrations in groundwater


Perchlorate occurrence in ventura and los angeles counties

Perchlorate found in Monitoring Wells in Azusa (BPOU)


Perchlorate occurrence in ventura and los angeles counties

Perchlorate found in USEPA Multi-port monitoring wells across the Baldwin Park Operable Unit (BPOU) in Azusa, California


Other perchlorate detections in los angeles county

Other Perchlorate Detections in Los Angeles County

  • Central Basin

    • sporadic detections have been reported in Vernon, Commerce, Norwalk and Bellflower.

  • San Gabriel Basin

    • perchlorate has been detected basin-wide, inside and outside designated Superfund areas.

  • Pomona Valley

    • the City of Pomona has reported perchlorate detections as high as 19 ppb in 23 production wells.


Perchlorate impacts

Perchlorate Impacts

  • Ventura County

    • No drinking water wells impacted


Perchlorate impacts1

Perchlorate Impacts

  • Los Angeles County

    • Numerous drinking water wells impacted (over 130 total)

    • Drinking water wells in the Cities of Santa Clarita, Valencia, Saugus and and Newhall have been affected.

    • City of Pasadena shut down 9 of their 13 drinking water wells due to perchlorate impact


Perchlorate occurrence in ventura and los angeles counties

Operable Unit 1:

Source Removal

JPL

Facility

Operable Unit 2

0

400

800

SCALE IN FEET

Operable Unit 3:

Plume Containment

ClO4– > 500 ppb

ClO4– > 10 ppb

Figure 8


Treatment options

Treatment Options

  • Treatment is possible but costly

  • Current wellhead treatment systems not designed for perchlorate

    • retrofits are required


Regional board actions

Regional Board Actions

Source Identification Efforts:

1997– Directed the City of El Monte, water supply companies and some dischargers to sample for perchlorate.

Analytical results ranged from 1 to 5 ppb.

1998 - Assisted USEPA with the identification of perchlorate contaminant sources in the Azusa/Baldwin Park Area.

1998 - Assisted USEPA with the revision of the 1994 Record of Decision for the Baldwin Park Operable Unit amended to include perchlorate.


Regional board actions1

Regional Board Actions

Source Identification Efforts:

1999 - Directed PRPs in El Monte Operable Unit to sample for perchlorate.

2000 - Directed Lockheed (in San Fernando Basin) and NASA/JPL (Raymond Basin) to sample for perchlorate.

2001 - Directed some dischargers in Monrovia and South El Monte to sample for perchlorate.


Regional board actions2

Regional Board Actions

Source Identification Efforts:

2002 - USEPA and the Regional Board direct PRPs

in South El Monte and Puente Valley Operable Units to sample for perchlorate and other emergent chemicals.

2002 - Regional Board issues 13267 investigation letters to Boeing (Santa Susana Field Lab) and Ahmanson

2003 - Regional Board staff send out 433 letters to NPDES dischargers requesting a one time sampling for perchlorate, NDMA, 1,4-dioxane and hexavalent chromium.


Recent regional board actions

Recent Regional Board Actions

  • Current focus is on investigation

    • orders issued to determine extent of contamination

  • Future actions

    • Cleanup and Abatement Orders where warranted

    • increase source identification efforts

    • work with USEPA on significant sites


Conclusions

Conclusions

  • A number of distinct and significant sources of contamination are known.

  • Many sources remain to be identified

  • Most identified source sites have not yet been remediated.

  • The occurrence of perchlorate in groundwater poses a significant additional economic burden to conduct wellhead treatment of drinking water resources.


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