Political Theory To 1789. Roots of Modern Political Thought. I. The Ancient Politics of Virtue: Plato vs. Aristotle. Plato’s Republic (360 BCE) Question = What is justice? Answer = two types of justice
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Roots of Modern Political Thought
a. What is good government? Government adapted to the people, with polity as the best for free people and/or aristocracy when people are very unequal in many respects. Government should try to develop better citizens and virtuous people, but it should also leave household matters to the household, for the household is different from the city-state.