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High School Music History, 2nd Period
There were several types of wind instruments in the Middle ages. Some used mouthpieces similar to today’s brass instruments, and some used reeds, such as today’s woodwinds.
Percussion came in many forms, whether it be a drum, auxiliary percussion, or a keyboard instrument.
Drums are one of the earliest musical instruments.
Drums are usually made up of a cylindrical piece of wood or metal, and have a head made of skin of some sort.
Pipe and Tabor
These instruments were designed to be played by one performer. The musician plays the drum while putting his fingers over the holes on the pipe. Since the pipe usually only has two or three finger holes, it is possible to play both instruments at once.Drums
Positive organs were large stationary instruments which required two people to operate. One person pumped the bellows while the other person played the keyboard. The positive organ was used in large amounts for sacred music.
Portative organs were smaller than their relatives, but were also quite versatile. These instruments only required one player, because their size allows one person to both play and pump the bellows simultaneously. The portative organ was used in both sacred and secular music, as a solo instrument or in an ensemble.Organs
Some of the most popular instruments of the Middle ages were stringed instruments, and most developed to become instruments that we are familiar with today.
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