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I An Not a Scientist I am a Number The Beginnings of a New Contract Between Scientist and Publisher Philip E. Bourne University of California San Diego [email protected] Bourne & Fink 2008 Editorial PLoS Comp. Biol. 4(12) e1000247 My Bias

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I an not a scientist i am a number the beginnings of a new contract between scientist and publisher l.jpg

I An Not a Scientist I am a NumberThe Beginnings of a New Contract Between Scientist and Publisher

Philip E. Bourne

University of California San Diego

[email protected]

Bourne & Fink 2008 Editorial

PLoS Comp. Biol. 4(12) e1000247

Allen Press Seminar 2009


My bias l.jpg
My Bias

  • I am not an expert in scholarly communication I am a “talker”

  • I co-direct a large public biological database

  • I am an EIC of an open access journal

  • I co-founded a video delivery site

  • I am having a lot of fun in this playground, but I could do with more playmates

Allen Press Seminar 2009


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Agenda

  • The Changing Landscape of a Scientist

    • The scientists workflow

    • The scientists to do list

    • The scientists identity crisis

  • The Role of Publishers in this Changing Landscape – a New Contract with Scientists Perhaps?

    • Support for a new workflow

    • Support for user level metrics and authentication

    • Support for new products

Allen Press Seminar 2009


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Today’s Academic Workflow

Reviews

Feds

Publishers

Societies

Blogs

Community Service/Data

Curation

Research

[Grants]

Journal

Article

Poster

Session

Conference

Paper


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The Scientists To Do List

Allen Press Seminar 2009


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That Do List is Changing

Allen Press Seminar 2009


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At the Same Time Scientists Have an Identity Crisis

  • Strive to be recognized which means:

    • Strive to be identified

    • Strive to be listened to

    • Strive to be read

Allen Press Seminar 2009



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Citation Tracking

Taken from www.researcherid.com

Allen Press Seminar 2009


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A Collaboration Network

Feb 13, 2009 Professional Development Series

http://pubnet.gersteinlab.org/


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The Metrics and Emphasis By Which We Are Measured Are Changing

  • Citations

  • Awards

  • Grants

  • Teaching

  • Reviews

  • Other Community Service

  • Software/Data

  • Blog Postings

Allen Press Seminar 2009


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The Metrics and Emphasis By Which We Are Measured Are Changing

  • Citations

  • Awards

  • Grants

  • Teaching

  • Reviews

  • Other Community Service

  • Software/Data

  • Blog Postings

Allen Press Seminar 2009


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What Does this Have to Do with Publishers? Changing

  • Publishers will need to better identify and authenticate scientists

  • Publishers will need to support and identify new metrics

  • The contract between publisher and scientist may start to change

Allen Press Seminar 2009


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A Unique Identifier is Going to Happen Changing

  • It is DOIs for people

  • Some scientists will resist

  • The winner is not clear yet:

    • OpenID

    • ResearcherID

    • ScopusID

    • CrossReg


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Ideally the ID will be tagged to every piece of scholarly communication

Allen Press Seminar 2009


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How This Might Work for Authors communication

Central

authentication server

validates the authors

Scientist

submits a paper

through the JMS

using an existing or

newly requested ID

Publisher uniquely

Identifies the authors

and provides author

related statistics

Allen Press Seminar 2009


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How This Might Work for Authors communication

Represents a new

contract between

author and publisher

Central

authentication server

validates the authors

Scientist

submits a paper

through the JMS

using an existing or

newly requested ID

Publisher uniquely

Identifies the authors

and provides author

related statistics

Allen Press Seminar 2009


Authentication service l.jpg
Authentication Service communication

  • Provides multi – level access

  • Provides profile information

  • Provides centralized CV service

  • Has too much information?

  • Is subject to attack?

  • Could be abused?

Allen Press Seminar 2009


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With a Unique and Complete Identity in Cyberspace New Metrics Might Emerge

Consider one crazy idea..

Allen Press Seminar 2009


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What If… Metrics Might Emergethe value of that knowledge could be weighted according to the authority of the source

20


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First You Have to Identify the Source Metrics Might Emerge

http://www.researcherid.com

http://openid.net

What if … the value of that knowledge could be weighted

according to the authority of the source


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How Do we Weight the Various Knowledge Sources? Metrics Might Emerge

  • Peer reviewed literature

  • Reviews (papers, grants, proceedings)

  • Blog postings

  • Database entries

What if … the value of that knowledge could be weighted

according to the authority of the source


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How Do we Weight the Various Knowledge Sources? Metrics Might Emerge

  • SF = (H Factor + (Grant, Manuscript Reviews/20) + (Annotations,Datasets/5) + (Wiki, Blog Entries/50)  

  • All these values need to be authenticated against the specified scholar – enter tokens

Allen Press Seminar 2009


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Issues of the Scholar Factor Metrics Might Emerge

  • Might take off since scientists would want to review etc from an organization providing tokens

  • Some (many scientists will find the idea distasteful)

  • Might get more depositions to public repositories

  • Scientists might support community annotation more if there is a reward

  • The quality of annotation would improve

  • The notion of hubs would be enriched

Allen Press Seminar 2009


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Tomorrows Research Contract Metrics Might Emerge

The research product will be different

The relationship between scientist and publisher will be different

The publisher could be a warehouse for the workflow of scientific endeavor not just a repository for one type of end product

Allen Press Seminar 2009

25


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Publishers as a Contractor for All Aspects of Scholarly Output

Data

Scientist

Idea

Product

Experiment


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Tomorrows Research Contract: Evidence Output

  • Publishers hubs:

    • Elsevier portals

    • PLoS collections

  • Data hubs

  • Open Access/open review e.g. Biology Direct

  • NIH Roadmap requires data be accessible

  • New Resources:

    • www.researchgate.net

    • MetaLab (Borya Shakhnovich)


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[email protected] Output

Questions?

Allen Press Seminar 2009


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