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HHS Secretary’s Advisory Committee on Blood Safety and Availability Summary for FDA’s BPAC July 2010 Jerry A. Holmberg, Ph.D. Senior Advisor for

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HHS Secretary’s Advisory Committee on Blood Safety and Availability Summary for FDA’s BPAC July 2010 Jerry A. Holmberg, Ph.D. Senior Advisor for Blood Policy. ACBSA Charter.

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Presentation Transcript
slide1

HHS Secretary’s

Advisory Committee on

Blood Safety and Availability

Summary for FDA’s BPAC

July 2010

Jerry A. Holmberg, Ph.D.

Senior Advisor

for

Blood Policy

acbsa charter
ACBSA Charter

The Advisory Committee on Blood Safety and Availability provides advice to the Secretary and to the Assistant Secretary for Health. The Committee advises on a range of policy issues to include:

  • definition of public health parameters around safety and availability of the blood and blood products,
  • broad public health, ethical and legal issues related to transfusion and transplantation safety, and
  • the implications for safety and availability of various economic factors affecting product cost and supply.
acbsa topic june 10 11 2010
ACBSA Topic June 10-11, 2010
  • The HHS Advisory Committee on Blood Safety and Availability (ACBSA) met to discuss the current policy on men who have sex with other men (MSM).
  • FDA’s current donor qualification states that MSM at any time since 1977 are currently deferred as blood donors.
  • BPAC has discussed on several previous sessions.
  • FDA Workshop on Behavioral Based Deferral March 2006
acbsa june agenda
ACBSA June Agenda
  • Scientific Rationale for the Current Policy
  • Epidemiology of TTD in Individuals Practicing High Risk Behavior compared to the General Population
  • Risk Assessments in US and other Countries
  • Computerized Inventory Management in Blood Collection Establishments
  • Reliability of Donor Questionnaires to address High Risk Sexual Behavior
  • Hemovigilance and Data Sets
  • Societal Considerations of MSM Deferral Policy
acbsa
ACBSA
  • The ACBSA engaged in deliberations and discussed the following:
    • important factors to consider in making a policy change;
    • scientific information including risk assessments;
    • whether any additional studies are needed before implementing a policy change or following a policy change;
    • monitoring tools or surveillance activities that could be implemented, and whether those should be implemented before implementing any policy change; and,
    • whether additional safety measures, if any, are needed to assure blood safety under a revised deferral policy.
acbsa recommendations
ACBSA Recommendations
  • Committee Question:

Should the current indefinite deferral for men who have had sex with another man (MSM) even on time since 1977 be changed at the present time?

      • Committee Vote: 6 Yes: 9 No
  • Committee Recommendation: Unanimous supported

“The HHS’s ACBSA is sensitive to the blood system and broader societal issues related to the current deferral policy for males who have had sex with another man (MSM) even one time since 1977.

acbsa7
ACBSA

“Whereas we believe that the current donor deferral policies are suboptimal in permitting some potentially high risk donations while preventing some potentially low risk donations, we find that currently available scientific data are inadequate to support change to a specific alternate policy; therefore, until further evaluation, the committee recommends that the current indefinite deferral for men who have had sex with another man even one time since 1977 not be changed at the present time.

acbsa8
ACBSA

To develop and validate candidate alternative policies, we recommend research in the following areas:

  • Validate modifications to the donor questionnaire that would better differentiate low versus high risk MSM and heterosexuals, including studies to investigate TTID and STD markers in potential donor subsets;
  • Establish ongoing national hemovigilance programs for TTID markers in blood donors linked to analysis of demographic, behavior, and other risk factors:
    • Obtain a baseline on prevalence and incident of TTID’s,
    • Characterize risk in different donor subgroups (e.g., younger age) , and
    • Use above characteristics for continuous quality improvement of the donor deferral process;
acbsa9
ACBSA

To develop and validate candidate alternative policies, we recommend research in the following areas:

  • Determine the feasibility of donor pre-testing to limit risk while characterizing donors who might be recruited under modified eligibility criteria;
  • Investigate the impact of revised donor criteria on the global availability of plasma products;
  • Evaluation of data from other countries that have changed their high risk donor evaluation programs, including MSM; and
  • Periodic reassessment of transfusion safety including consideration of multiple and cumulative blood product exposures to recipients.
acbsa10
ACBSA

Additionally, the Committee recommends the following actions,

  • Implement the January 2008 recommendation to adopt pathogen reduction technologies for all transfusible blood components
  • Create a more robust donor education program focusing on high risk behaviors that is more inclusive of all donor groups, emphasizing the link between safe donations and recipient health
  • The Department should take action to investigate and reduce the risk of Quarantine Release Errors (QREs) in blood collection establishments
  • Recognizing the relationship between acceptance of risk of transfusion and protection from harms, further consideration should be given to mechanisms for compensation for blood injuries consistent with the recommendation of the Institute of Medicine and the U.S. Congress.
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