Edward I in Control?
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Edward I in Control?







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Leaving in September 1296 to fight France, Edward I believed that Scotland was his He was wrong: defeat of Scottish army and imprisonment of Balliol did not mean that Scots had accepted defeat . Harsh treatment of Scots made them angry and eager for revenge
Edward I in Control?

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Slide 1

Leaving in September 1296 to fight France, Edward I believed that Scotland was his

He was wrong: defeat of Scottish army and imprisonment of Balliol did not mean that Scots had accepted defeat

Harsh treatment of Scots made them angry and eager for revenge

The Nobles may have accepted defeat but others would carry on the fight….

Edward I in Control?

Slide 2

Wallace’s Revolt

  • Arrival of a new leader excited the people to revolt

  • In May 1297 Wallace killed Heselrig as revenge for the murder of his wife

  • This shocked the English and they were eager to catch Wallace

Slide 3

Who was William Wallace and Why was he so important?

  • Most famous of Scottish leaders

  • Not from an important noble family

  • Very little is known of his early life

  • First mention of him in 1297 when described as an “outlaw” (criminal)

  • Brought a fierce energy to the war

  • Offered leadership and new tactics at a time when Scotland needed these most

Slide 4

What he did was not unique

Others were fighting back…..

Andrew Murray captured English castles in Inverness & Elgin

In the South West, Robert Bruce, James Stewart and Wishart led resistance

All of this evidence points to an organised national campaign against the English

Wallace became their leader and the focus of Scottish resistance….

Did Wallace carry on the fight alone?

Slide 5

With Sir William Douglas, Wallace launched an attack on Scone

Ormsby escaped with his life but Wallace seized valuable war ‘booty’

Scots were triumphant

After each attack Wallace & his men disappeared into the countryside

English found it very difficult to find them

Wallace’s attacks gave Scottish nobles led by James Stewart time to form an Army

Wallace the guerrilla fighter

Slide 6

Edward I: The Hammer of the Scots?

  • A huge English army faced the Scots at Irvine

  • They did not fight – the Scots again agreed to obey Edward I

  • This was not surrender – they had negotiated for a month…..

  • Giving Wallace time to gather strength, recapture castles and replace English officials with Scots

  • Murray and his forces were sweeping the English out of the North

  • Wallace and his men swept them out of the South

Slide 7

Edward I’s Big Mistake

  • Day-to-day running of Scotland left to Hugh Cressingham, Treasurer of Scotland

  • Hated by the Scots for raising taxes and treating Scots harshly

  • August 1297 had to tell Edward “we cannot raise any money in Scotland”

  • Most of Edward’s officials were dead, besieged or too frightened to work

  • Surrey and Cressingham given the job of crushing Scottish resistance. Massive English army marched towards Stirling…


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