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Construction Industry of Thailand By Tapanawat R. SCI Plant Services Siam Cement Group Distribution and Retailing Petrol Chemical Paper and Packaging Building Product Cement Index Thailand Economy Overview Construction Industry of Thailand Construction Employment and Statistic

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Construction industry of thailand l.jpg

Construction Industry of Thailand

By Tapanawat R.

SCI Plant Services

Siam Cement Group

SCI Plant Services/Siam Cement Group


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Distribution and Retailing

Petrol Chemical

Paper and Packaging

Building Product

Cement

SCI Plant Services/Siam Cement Group


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Index

  • Thailand Economy Overview

  • Construction Industry of Thailand

  • Construction Employment and Statistic

  • Safety in Construction Work

  • Law and Regulation

  • Conclusion

SCI Plant Services/Siam Cement Group


Thailand economic overview l.jpg

Thailand Economic Overview

SCI Plant Services/Siam Cement Group


Thailand economy overview l.jpg
Thailand Economy Overview

SCI Plant Services/Siam Cement Group


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GDPof Thailand

TomyamKung Crisis

GDP -10%

Construction -38%

GDP 6% in 2004

SCI Plant Services/Siam Cement Group


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Construction Industry

SCI Plant Services/Siam Cement Group


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Construction Industry in 2005

Construction 7%

Agriculture 13%

Service 48%

Other Industries 32%

SCI Plant Services/Siam Cement Group


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1985

1987

1989

1991

1993

1995

1997

1999

2001

2003

2005

GDP of Thailand

GDP of Construction

Growth Rate of Thai Economy and Construction Industry

(%)

SCI Plant Services/Siam Cement Group


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(Million Bath)

+14.1%

1985

1987

1989

1991

1993

1995

1997

1999

2001

2003

2005

+15.7%

+12.5%

Construction Value Investment

Total Investment

Private Investment

Public Investment

SCI Plant Services/Siam Cement Group


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Building and Factory Investment Trend significantly increased

Housing is saturated

2005

2005

2005

SCI Plant Services/Siam Cement Group


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Construction Employment and Statistic increased

SCI Plant Services/Siam Cement Group


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Construction Industry increased

Employment

SCI Plant Services/Siam Cement Group


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Accident Rate in Each Business increased

Metal Business

Construction Business 9%

SCI Plant Services/Siam Cement Group


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Death and Permanent Disability increased

  • Construction work

  • accounts for 14% (almost 1 in 6) of deaths at work

  • 24% of permanent total disability.

SCI Plant Services/Siam Cement Group


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Death and Permanent Disability increased(Cont.)

  • Construction workers are 2.7 times as likely to face occupational death as otheroccupations – 57 per million versus 21 per million.

  • Construction workers are 5 times as likely to suffer permanent total disability as other workers – 2.1 per million versus 0.4 per million.

SCI Plant Services/Siam Cement Group


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Rate of Accident and Death increased

Accident Rate/1,000 is Constant

Death Rate/100,000 is increase 10-15%

SCI Plant Services/Siam Cement Group


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Safety in Construction Work increased

SCI Plant Services/Siam Cement Group


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SHE PLAN increased

  • Organization and Responsibility

  • Discipline and Planning (work permit)

  • Risk Assessment and Pre-Job Safety Analysis

  • Standardization (Prevention and Control)

  • Site Inspection and Audit

  • Reporting and Accident Investigation

  • Safety Training

  • Safety Promotion

  • First aid

  • Emergency Plan

  • 5S (Cleaning and House Keeping)

  • Waste Management

SCI Plant Services/Siam Cement Group


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Pre-Construction Period increased

  • Boundary or Fence/Area Separation

  • Safety Sign

  • Facility (Water, Waste…)

  • Construction Equipment ( Interlock)

  • People : Training

  • Method Statement

SCI Plant Services/Siam Cement Group


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Construction Period increased

  • Risk Assessment and Pre-Job Safety Analysis

  • Safety Control

  • Safety Inspection

  • Safety Audit

  • Safety Talk

  • Training

  • Reporting

  • Emergency Plan

SCI Plant Services/Siam Cement Group


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Causes of Accident in Construction Work increased

  • External Environment

  • Human

    From Statistic

  • In the beginning of construction period, there were accident 3 times/day.

  • In case of high rise building, there was one death.

SCI Plant Services/Siam Cement Group


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Types of accident in Construction Site increased

  • High Falling

  • Electric

  • Vibration and Noise

  • Fire

  • Machinery

  • Land Sliding

  • Scaffolding and Structure Falling

SCI Plant Services/Siam Cement Group


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Accident Rate in Each Causes increased

All Industry

  • Hand Accident 25%

  • Materials impact 18%

  • Eyes Accident 16%

  • Material Falling 13%

  • High Falling 4%

  • Slippery Falling 3%

  • Electric 2%

SCI Plant Services/Siam Cement Group


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Law and Regulation increased

Design Period

Construction Period

SCI Plant Services/Siam Cement Group


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Design Period increased

  • Code of Design of Building and Factory

    • Set Back Distance: Fire Protection, Airflow, Light..

    • Live Load: Depend on function of building. Ex Housing 150kg/m2, Super Store 500 kg/m2, Walk way 300kg/m2, Library 600-800 kg/m2

    • Fire Protection: Fire Coating for steel structure (3 hrs), Fire Exit ( 2 Positions for 4 Stories upward) (Fire Wall 2 hrs), Air Pressure System, Fire Alarm System,

SCI Plant Services/Siam Cement Group


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  • Air Flow increased : Factory use 4 times of Volume/hr. Office use 7 time of Volume/hr

  • Lighting : Factory use 500 Flux, Office use 300 Flux

  • Air Condition : 1 tons/ 20m2 ( Height=2.7 m.)

SCI Plant Services/Siam Cement Group


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Construction Area increased :Restriction area, Sign, Prohibit unconcern people

Construction Period

SCI Plant Services/Siam Cement Group


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SCI Plant Services/Siam Cement Group


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SCI Plant Services/Siam Cement Group


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  • Safety of Lift increased9 meters height onward designed by civil engineer

SCI Plant Services/Siam Cement Group


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  • Safety of Scaffolding Work increased2 meters height onward need scaffolding, in case of super structure, it is needed to design by civil engineer

SCI Plant Services/Siam Cement Group


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SCI Plant Services/Siam Cement Group


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  • Safety, Health, and Environment Management increasedControl about airflow in construction area, Training, If we have to work in low airflow area we have to work with other people at least 3 people, Entrance must be convenience and safety.

Dia 25 m. , H= 70 m.

SCI Plant Services/Siam Cement Group


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Conclusion increased

SCI Plant Services/Siam Cement Group


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Conclusion increased

  • Construction Industry of Thailand in 2006 still slightly increase. It’s not housing but building, factory of private sector. Moreover public sector invest more in infrastructure especially in Bangkok and East area such as mass transit, hospital, university.

  • It may contribute around 7-9% of GDP

SCI Plant Services/Siam Cement Group


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Conclusion increased

  • 2003-2005 Rate of accident was constant while rate of death per 100,000 people increased because of accident from housing segment, In next 3 years building ,factory and infrastructure work will increase.

  • Construction employment is round 6% of total workforce. Construction work have 14% of total death(1 of 6) and 24% of total permanent disability

SCI Plant Services/Siam Cement Group


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Conclusion increased

  • Construction worker have more risk 2.7 times to face occupational death and 5 times to face permanent disability

  • Even though Thailand have the law about safety but in reality we still lack of safety supervisor. Safety management and control have only in the large company

SCI Plant Services/Siam Cement Group


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Conclusion increased

  • Safety in Engineering Work Should start on Engineering Design Philosophy.

  • Designer should concern about all of period of Engineering Work

    • Construction or Erection period (Implement)

    • Operating Period

    • Maintenance Period

  • Designer should concern about Law, Environment, New Construction Technology, New Material Technology

SCI Plant Services/Siam Cement Group


Example l.jpg

It design to against earth quake increased

It use simulation to evaluate effect of all force, wind tunnel testing

Design concern about every stage :construction and operating and maintenance

Example

the longest spanning suspension bridge in the world

The Akashi Bridge

The Oakland Bay Bridge

Petronas Tower

SCI Plant Services/Siam Cement Group


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Thank You increased

For Your Attention

SCI Plant Services/Siam Cement Group


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