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Construction Industry of Thailand By Tapanawat R. SCI Plant Services Siam Cement Group Distribution and Retailing Petrol Chemical Paper and Packaging Building Product Cement Index Thailand Economy Overview Construction Industry of Thailand Construction Employment and Statistic

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Construction Industry of Thailand

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Construction industry of thailand l.jpg

Construction Industry of Thailand

By Tapanawat R.

SCI Plant Services

Siam Cement Group

SCI Plant Services/Siam Cement Group


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Distribution and Retailing

Petrol Chemical

Paper and Packaging

Building Product

Cement

SCI Plant Services/Siam Cement Group


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Index

  • Thailand Economy Overview

  • Construction Industry of Thailand

  • Construction Employment and Statistic

  • Safety in Construction Work

  • Law and Regulation

  • Conclusion

SCI Plant Services/Siam Cement Group


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Thailand Economic Overview

SCI Plant Services/Siam Cement Group


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Thailand Economy Overview

SCI Plant Services/Siam Cement Group


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GDPof Thailand

TomyamKung Crisis

GDP -10%

Construction -38%

GDP 6% in 2004

SCI Plant Services/Siam Cement Group


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Construction Industry

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Construction Industry in 2005

Construction 7%

Agriculture 13%

Service 48%

Other Industries 32%

SCI Plant Services/Siam Cement Group


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1985

1987

1989

1991

1993

1995

1997

1999

2001

2003

2005

GDP of Thailand

GDP of Construction

Growth Rate of Thai Economy and Construction Industry

(%)

SCI Plant Services/Siam Cement Group


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(Million Bath)

+14.1%

1985

1987

1989

1991

1993

1995

1997

1999

2001

2003

2005

+15.7%

+12.5%

Construction Value Investment

Total Investment

Private Investment

Public Investment

SCI Plant Services/Siam Cement Group


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Building and Factory Investment Trend significantly increased

Housing is saturated

2005

2005

2005

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Construction Employment and Statistic

SCI Plant Services/Siam Cement Group


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Construction Industry

Employment

SCI Plant Services/Siam Cement Group


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Accident Rate in Each Business

Metal Business

Construction Business 9%

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Death and Permanent Disability

  • Construction work

  • accounts for 14% (almost 1 in 6) of deaths at work

  • 24% of permanent total disability.

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Death and Permanent Disability(Cont.)

  • Construction workers are 2.7 times as likely to face occupational death as otheroccupations – 57 per million versus 21 per million.

  • Construction workers are 5 times as likely to suffer permanent total disability as other workers – 2.1 per million versus 0.4 per million.

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Rate of Accident and Death

Accident Rate/1,000 is Constant

Death Rate/100,000 is increase 10-15%

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Safety in Construction Work

SCI Plant Services/Siam Cement Group


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SHE PLAN

  • Organization and Responsibility

  • Discipline and Planning (work permit)

  • Risk Assessment and Pre-Job Safety Analysis

  • Standardization (Prevention and Control)

  • Site Inspection and Audit

  • Reporting and Accident Investigation

  • Safety Training

  • Safety Promotion

  • First aid

  • Emergency Plan

  • 5S (Cleaning and House Keeping)

  • Waste Management

SCI Plant Services/Siam Cement Group


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Pre-Construction Period

  • Boundary or Fence/Area Separation

  • Safety Sign

  • Facility (Water, Waste…)

  • Construction Equipment ( Interlock)

  • People : Training

  • Method Statement

SCI Plant Services/Siam Cement Group


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Construction Period

  • Risk Assessment and Pre-Job Safety Analysis

  • Safety Control

  • Safety Inspection

  • Safety Audit

  • Safety Talk

  • Training

  • Reporting

  • Emergency Plan

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Causes of Accident in Construction Work

  • External Environment

  • Human

    From Statistic

  • In the beginning of construction period, there were accident 3 times/day.

  • In case of high rise building, there was one death.

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Types of accident in Construction Site

  • High Falling

  • Electric

  • Vibration and Noise

  • Fire

  • Machinery

  • Land Sliding

  • Scaffolding and Structure Falling

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Accident Rate in Each Causes

All Industry

  • Hand Accident 25%

  • Materials impact 18%

  • Eyes Accident 16%

  • Material Falling 13%

  • High Falling 4%

  • Slippery Falling 3%

  • Electric 2%

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Law and Regulation

Design Period

Construction Period

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Design Period

  • Code of Design of Building and Factory

    • Set Back Distance: Fire Protection, Airflow, Light..

    • Live Load: Depend on function of building. Ex Housing 150kg/m2, Super Store 500 kg/m2, Walk way 300kg/m2, Library 600-800 kg/m2

    • Fire Protection: Fire Coating for steel structure (3 hrs), Fire Exit ( 2 Positions for 4 Stories upward) (Fire Wall 2 hrs), Air Pressure System, Fire Alarm System,

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  • Air Flow : Factory use 4 times of Volume/hr. Office use 7 time of Volume/hr

  • Lighting : Factory use 500 Flux, Office use 300 Flux

  • Air Condition : 1 tons/ 20m2 ( Height=2.7 m.)

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Construction Area :Restriction area, Sign, Prohibit unconcern people

Construction Period

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  • Safety of Mobile Crane & Crane :

    Capability of crane, Crane InspectionErection Procedure

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  • Safety of Piling WorkLimit Area, Follow Instruction, Inspect Equipment and Sling

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  • Safety of Lift9 meters height onward designed by civil engineer

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  • Safety of Scaffolding Work2 meters height onward need scaffolding, in case of super structure, it is needed to design by civil engineer

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  • Safety High, Material and Structure FallingFence, Safety line, net , belt

SCI Plant Services/Siam Cement Group


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  • Safety, Health, and Environment ManagementControl about airflow in construction area, Training, If we have to work in low airflow area we have to work with other people at least 3 people, Entrance must be convenience and safety.

Dia 25 m. , H= 70 m.

SCI Plant Services/Siam Cement Group


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Conclusion

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Conclusion

  • Construction Industry of Thailand in 2006 still slightly increase. It’s not housing but building, factory of private sector. Moreover public sector invest more in infrastructure especially in Bangkok and East area such as mass transit, hospital, university.

  • It may contribute around 7-9% of GDP

SCI Plant Services/Siam Cement Group


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Conclusion

  • 2003-2005 Rate of accident was constant while rate of death per 100,000 people increased because of accident from housing segment, In next 3 years building ,factory and infrastructure work will increase.

  • Construction employment is round 6% of total workforce. Construction work have 14% of total death(1 of 6) and 24% of total permanent disability

SCI Plant Services/Siam Cement Group


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Conclusion

  • Construction worker have more risk 2.7 times to face occupational death and 5 times to face permanent disability

  • Even though Thailand have the law about safety but in reality we still lack of safety supervisor. Safety management and control have only in the large company

SCI Plant Services/Siam Cement Group


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Conclusion

  • Safety in Engineering Work Should start on Engineering Design Philosophy.

  • Designer should concern about all of period of Engineering Work

    • Construction or Erection period (Implement)

    • Operating Period

    • Maintenance Period

  • Designer should concern about Law, Environment, New Construction Technology, New Material Technology

SCI Plant Services/Siam Cement Group


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It design to against earth quake

It use simulation to evaluate effect of all force, wind tunnel testing

Design concern about every stage :construction and operating and maintenance

Example

the longest spanning suspension bridge in the world

The Akashi Bridge

The Oakland Bay Bridge

Petronas Tower

SCI Plant Services/Siam Cement Group


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Thank You

For Your Attention

SCI Plant Services/Siam Cement Group


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