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The term comma splice refers to a situation in which two or more independent clauses (complete sentences) are connected with a comma only . PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Comma Splice Fix It Find It More Tips EXIT Conquering the The term comma splice refers to a situation in which two or more independent clauses (complete sentences) are connected with a comma only . EXAMPLE: Comma Complete Sentence 1 I have been to the dentist,

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The term comma splice refers to a situation in which two or more independent clauses (complete sentences) are connected with a comma only .

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Comma

Splice

Fix It

Find It

More

Tips

EXIT

Conquering the

The term comma splice refers to a situation in which two or moreindependent clauses (complete sentences) are connected with a comma only.


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EXAMPLE:

Comma

Complete Sentence 1

I have been to the dentist,

he hasn’t identified the source of my halitosis.

I have been to the dentist, he hasn’t identified the source of my halitosis.

Splice

Complete Sentence 2

EXAMPLE:

It’s always difficult for me to escape from zombies by running, my legs get tired.

It’s always difficult for me to escape from zombies by running,

my legs get tired.

Complete Sentence 1

Complete Sentence 2

BACK

Know The Enemy

  • When a writer ends a sentence, she must use the right punctuation to signal the end of the thought to her readers. The three types of punctuation strong* enough perform this function are the period, the question mark, and the exclamation point.

  • A comma is too weak* to act as a boundary between the complete thoughts expressed by different sentences.

In both examples, two individual sentences are related but complete and grammatically independent.

*For more information on this hierarchy, see “Punctuation as a System”


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Comma

Splice

BACK

Breaking Up Is Hard To Do

There are several ways to approach the correction of a comma splice. Consider the subtly different effect each of these methods have on our sample comma splice sentence: The butcher was fond of long, quiet walks on the beach, his wife preferred lively evenings of gin rummy by a warm fire.


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Using “it is obvious that . . .”

Both sentences have an obvious sense of completion. Both, then, are independent clauses, and a comma alone does not provide adequate separation.

Diagnosis: Comma Splice

Obvious Sense

of Completion

Sense of Incompleteness

1.

Add the phrase “it is obvious that” to the beginning of each half of the sentence

Complete Sentence

Not a Complete Sentence

Comma

2.

Listen carefully to the resulting phrase. Does it have an obvious sense of completion, or does it seem incomplete, like something more has to be coming? (Note: It is helpful to read the sentence aloud.)

Splice

?

?

The second sentence does not have a sense of completion. We expect something more to follow. The second part, then, is not an independent clause, and the comma use is correct.

Diagnosis: No Comma Splice

In a comma splice, the stuff on both sides of the comma will have that obvious sense of completion, indicating that the comma is inappropriately connecting (splicing) two independent clauses.

More Examples

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Advanced Reconnaissance Techniques

The fundamental key to fixing comma splices is learning to identify independent clauses (complete sentences). If you can master this, you can easily determine whether your comma is splicing.

The “it is obvious that . . .” technique is a useful strategy for identifying complete sentences.

Try it out on a couple of sample sentences

Do we have a comma splice?What do you think?

Comma splice?


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Check Answers

Comma Splice – Two independent clauses are joined by a comma only.

Comma Splice – Two independent clauses are joined by a comma only.

No Comma Splice – Post-comma stuff is not an independent clause.

Comma

Comma Splice – Two independent clauses are joined by a comma only.

Splice

No Comma Splice – The independent clauses are connected with the coordinating conjunction “so.”

No Comma Splice – Post-comma stuff not an independent clause.

Comma Splice – Two independent clauses are joined by a comma only.

No Comma Splice – The subordinating conjunction “because” means that the pre-comma stuff is not an independent clause.

Comma Splice – Two independent clauses are joined by a comma only.

No Comma Splice – The subordinating conjunction “though” means that the post-comma stuff is not an independent clause.

Comma Splice – Two independent clauses are joined by a comma only.

Hide Answers

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More Practice

Check the box if the sample sentence has a comma splice.

My new exercise program has presented a logistical challenge, it requires that I run five yards every twenty minutes over the course of eleven hours.

P

Vern thinks my plan to disprove Einstein’s the theory of relativity using a rocket-mounted flashlight is genius, Fred thinks I’m a crackpot.

P

Lately I’ve been working non-stop on my new novel, a modern adaptation of Beowulf that will alter the landscape of fiction forever.

P

I wanted to spend my summer vacation hiking the steppes of Russia, I spent it at the beanie baby convention in Tulsa instead.

P

Herbert’s request for a raise was rejected, so he began to formulate a plan for generating extra income selling bait.

P

Violet sold the recipe for the secret sauce on e-bay, breaking the hearts of her stunned co-workers.

P

Harold isn’t your typical tacky night-club singer/magician, he’s a real class act.

P

Because Mr. Bulstrode was particular about his suits, he only trusted his laundry to the finest dry cleaner and most expensive tailor in town.

P

I have always regretted quitting my piano lessons, the only thing I can play is Chopsticks.

P

I think my mother has come to terms with my decision to leave medical school, though she still drops hints whenever we drive by an ambulance.

P

Phyllis’s Feedbag didn’t have the friendliest waiters or the cleanest silverware, it did serve the best bowl of chili Walter had ever tasted.

P


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