C SC 421: Artificial Intelligence …or Computational Intelligence Alex Thomo [email protected] What is AI? American Association for Artificial Intelligence : "the scientific understanding of the mechanisms underlying thought and intelligent behavior and their embodiment in machines."
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. . . Exactly what the computer provides is the ability not to be rigid and unthinking but, rather, to behave conditionally. That is what it means to apply knowledge to action: It means to let the action taken reflect knowledge of the situation. . .
In late 1955, Newell and Simon developed The Logic Theorist, considered by many to be the first AI program.
The program, representing each problem as a tree model, would attempt to solve it by selecting the branch that would most likely result in the correct conclusion.
In 1956 John McCarthy regarded as the father of AI, organized a conference to draw the talent and expertise of others interested in machine intelligence for a month of brainstorming.
He invited them to Vermont for "The Dartmouth summer research project on artificial intelligence."
From that point on, because of McCarthy, the field would be known as Artificial Intelligence.
In the seven years after the conference, AI began to pick up momentum.
Centers for AI research began forming at Carnegie Mellon and MIT.
New challenges were faced: further research was placed upon creating systems that could efficiently solve problems.
And second, making systems that could learn by themselves.
“Find a block which is taller than the one you are holding and put on the box”
Example of microworld.
The course covers three major topics: