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GLOBAL HAWK Global Hawk: Current and Future Power Lt Col Dawson Oslund United States Air Force ICAF—Seminar 10 8 Feb 05 Overview Global Hawk Primer Current Capabilities Future Plans & Possibilities Summary RQ-4A Global Hawk System

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Global hawk current and future power l.jpg

Global Hawk:Current and Future Power

Lt Col Dawson Oslund

United States Air Force

ICAF—Seminar 10

8 Feb 05


Overview l.jpg
Overview

  • Global Hawk Primer

  • Current Capabilities

  • Future Plans & Possibilities

  • Summary


Slide4 l.jpg

RQ-4A Global Hawk System

Global Hawk: High-altitude, long-endurance capability providing intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance information



Global hawk vehicle size l.jpg
Global Hawk Vehicle Size

U-2

B-737

Global Hawk

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Why global hawk l.jpg
Why Global Hawk?

Global Hawk Uniquely Provides Continuous Day/Night, High Altitude, All Weather Surveillance

Reconnaissance in Direct Support of Allied Groundand Air Forces Across the Spectrum of Conflict

Increases the Reach of Existing and Future Surveillance Systems

Has Extraordinary Range and Endurance

Fewer Number of Systems Required to MaintainGlobal ISR Coverage

Altitude

Speed(n.miles/hour)

Endurance (hours)


Slide8 l.jpg

ORD KPPs

Endurance

-

28 hours

-

Airspace Coordination

-

worldwide employment

Ground Station

-

operators

perform NRT mission control,

monitoring and updates/

modifications

Satisfy 100% of critical

top

level

IERs

Global Hawk SystemRequirements/CONOPS


Slide9 l.jpg

Missions and Tasks

  • EO/IR/SAR Imagery

  • Signals Intelligence (Near Future)

  • Broad Area Scan

  • Narrow Area Loiter

  • Strike Targeting

  • Battle Damage Assessment

  • Rudimentary Ground Moving Target Indicator


Delivery schedule current program fy05 pb lots 3 10 current projection l.jpg

J F M A M J J A S O N D

J F M A M J J A S O N D

J F M A M J J A S O N D

J F M A M J J A S O N D

Delivery Schedule—Current Program FY05 PB—Lots 3-10 current projection

Navy MCE

Navy LRE

Navy LRE

Lot 1

Lot 2

CY03

Lot 1

Lot 2

CY03 CY04

J F M A M J J A S O N D

J F M A M J J A S O N D

AFMCE 1

AFLRE 1

AV1 AV3 AV6 AV7

No Sensor

SAR Only

EO/IR—Cong App

EO/IR— Cong App

P1 P2 AF3 AF4 N1

Lot 3

Lot 4

CY05 CY06

Lot 3

Lot 4

Lot 3

AFLRE 2

AFMCE 2

AFGS 3

N2 AF5 AF6 AF7 AF8 AF9 AF10 AF11 AF12

Lot 5

ISS—Lot 4

ISS—Lot 3

ISS—Lot 6

CY07 CY08

Lot 5

Lot 6

Lot 6

Lot 6

AFGS 4

AFGS 5

AFGS 6

AF13 AF14 AF15 AF16 AF17 AF18 AF19 AF20 AF21 AF22 AF23 AF24

Lot 7

CY09 CY10

Lot 7

Lot 7

Lot 8

Lot 8

J F M A M J J A S O N D

J F M A M J J A S O N D

AFGS 7

AFGS 8

AFGS 9

AFGS 10

AF25 AF26 AF27 AF28 AF29 AF30 AF31 AF32 AF33 AF34 AF35 AF36

CY11 CY12

Lot 8

Lot 9

Lot 10

J F M A M J J A S O N D

J F M A M J J A S O N D

AF37 AF38 AF39 AF40 AF41 AF42 AF43 AF44 AF45 AF46 AF47 AF48 AF49 AF50 AF51

EO/IR/SAR (Full ISS)

Empty Filled w/ Sensor Later Lot

SAR Filled w/ EO/IR Later Lot

Full ISS w/ Clip-in

Clip-in Filled w/ ISS Later Lot

Full ISS w/ Hyperwide & HBS

Full ISS w/ ASIP

MP-RTIP Only


Slide11 l.jpg

Operation Enduring Freedom

  • GH in theater 11 Nov 01 - 28 Sep 02

  • 63 combat missions

  • 1,237 combat flight hours

  • 17,338 images collected

  • 20+ program office and 30+ contractor

  • personnel deployed

  • CENTCOM Feedback

  • “… Global Hawk unmanned aerial vehicles have been proven to be invaluable in providing long dwell surveillance, tracking, positive identification, and collateral and strike damage assessment. … Global Hawk, for example, flew sorties approaching 30 hours in duration and imaged over 600 targets during a single mission over Afghanistan.”

  • Gen Tommy R. Franks, CINCUSCENTCOM, 2/27/02



Slide13 l.jpg

IR Image: Search of Tora Bora Cave Complex, AF 10 Dec 01 / 0200L

Camp Fires and Cave Entrances

Taliban Lookouts on Ridgeline

Gunship Round Impacts


Slide14 l.jpg

Secondary Cave Venting 0200L

Primary Hits

IR Image: BDA from AC-130 Gunship Strike Tora Bora Cave Complex, AF 10 Dec 01 / 0200L



Oef lessons l.jpg
OEF Lessons 0200L

  • Two OCONUS deployments for the Global Hawk System was excessive

  • Real-Time secure communication between all players was essential

  • Needed capability to deconflict with other high-fliers

  • Contractor support was critical




Slide19 l.jpg

U-2 Deconfliction and Cross-cueing analysts, and CAOC

ASC-03-1562


Results l.jpg
Results analysts, and CAOC

REACHBACK

  • Two OCONUS deployments for the Global Hawk System was excessive

  • Real-Time secure communication capability was essential

  • Needed capability to deconflict with other high-fliers

+

SIPRNET CHAT

+

ADSI

NEW CONOPS

Reduced Kill Chain to Minutes


Slide21 l.jpg

Operation Iraqi Freedom analysts, and CAOC

  • Aircraft in theater 8 March - 2 May 03

  • Seamless integration into the war plan

  • Flew only 3% of air breathing Image Intelligence missions and 5% of hi-altitude reconnaissance sorties yet accounted for 55% of the Time Sensitive Targets (TSTs) generated to kill air defense equipment. Source: CAOC analysis

  • 16 combat missions - 357.2 combat flight hours

  • Over 4800 Images

    • 13 Full SAM Batteries

    • 50 SAM Launchers

    • 300 SAM Canisters

    • 70 SAM Missile Transporters

    • 300 tanks (38% of Iraq’s Known Armor)

  • “‘Global Hawk played an extraordinarily important role in focusing precision air power,’ an Air Force source said yesterday, estimating that it quickened the Republican Guard's defeat by several days and is responsible for scores of tank kills.” CAOC spokesman, 3 Apr 03

ASC-03-1562






Broad area maritime surveillance bams l.jpg
Broad Area Maritime Surveillance (BAMS) 1545L

  • Study for NAVAIR

  • Proposed Mix of Manned and Unmanned Maritime Aircraft

  • HAE UAV to Provide Long Endurance Maritime Patrol Capability

Global Hawk as Adjunct to Manned Multi-Role Maritime Aircraft (MMA)

As Planned Replacement for P-3 and EP-3 Fleet


Slide27 l.jpg

Potential Roles for Maritime Global Hawk 1545L

  • Maritime Patrol & Surveillance

  • Anti-Surface Warfare - Targeting

  • Strike Support -

    • Target Location & Monitoring

    • Battle Damage Assessment

  • Threat Warning

  • Emitter Exploitation

  • Communications Relay


Global hawk usaf possible future payloads l.jpg
Global Hawk USAF Possible Future Payloads 1545L

MISSIONPOSSIBLE PAYLOADS

Reconnaissance

Surveillance

Signal Intelligence

Communications Relay

Counter CCD

Digital Mapping

Chemical Detection

TMD (Augment ABL)

Other Potential Payloads

ASARS Improvement Program (AIP)Airborne Targeting And Cross-Cueing System (ATACCS)

Mono-static/Bi-static Radars: Passive, AWACS, & SpaceJSTARS Support

Joint SIGINT Avionics Family (JSAF)

Airborne Communications Node (ACN)Airborne Information Transfer (ABIT)Laser Communications

Foliage Penetration Radar (FOPEN)Hyperspectral Sensors (SPIRITT)

Rapid Terrain Visualization (RTV)

Laser Remote Optical Sensing (LROS)

Boost Phase Intercept (BPI) Support

Airborne Laser TargetAirborne JammerNASA Environmental ResearchWeather NodeGPS Pseudolites


Summary l.jpg
Summary 1545L

  • Global Hawk is a futuristic system operating today

  • Current ops has just scratched the surface of Global Hawk’s capability

  • New sensors…new CONOPS…new missions—what’s next?


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