Monitoring biological diversity
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MONITORING BIOLOGICAL DIVERSITY PowerPoint PPT Presentation

MONITORING BIOLOGICAL DIVERSITY. The Nature Conservancy’s Natural Heritage Program. The Nature Conservancy was established to conserve biodiversity by establishing natural area preserves.

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MONITORING BIOLOGICAL DIVERSITY

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Monitoring biological diversity

MONITORING BIOLOGICAL DIVERSITY

The Nature Conservancy’s

Natural Heritage Program


482 k

The Nature Conservancy was established to conserve biodiversity by establishing natural area preserves

Preserves are selected and designed to protect examples of the widest possible spectrum of native ecosystems & species habitats


Gathering and organizing scientific information became one of the first orders of business

Gathering and Organizing Scientific Information became One of the First Orders of Business


The nature conservancy initiated the first state natural heritage inventories in 1974

The Nature Conservancy initiated the first State Natural Heritage Inventories in 1974

Methodology used has become the most systematic, comprehensive & widely used technology in existence for gathering & organizing information needed for conservation


Natural data centers exist in every state of the u s

Natural Data Centers exist in every state of the U.S.


Heritage inventory technology is also being used in more than 30 countries

Heritage Inventory Technology is also being used in more than 30 countries


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“A permanent and dynamic atlas and data bank on the existence, characteristics, numbers, condition, status, location, and distribution of occurrences of the elements of natural biological and ecological diversity”


How and why the heritage program works

How and Why the Heritage Program Works

  • Focused Goal

  • Focused Method

  • Multi-Institutional Cooperation

  • Program Continuity

  • Practical Geographic Scale

  • Successive Approximation

  • Factual, Balanced Information System

  • Standardization

  • Central Support


Some applications of the data

Some Applications of the Data

  • Preserve Selection & Design

  • Element Status Monitoring

  • Development Planning - “Certainty” Key-word

  • Environmental Impact Assessment

  • Access to Additional Information

  • Predictive Modeling

  • Conservation Priority Setting

  • Facilitating Continuing Inventory

  • Land Conservation Administration


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For these reasonsHeritage programs have been applauded by big business, chambers of commerce, trade associations and environmentalists

  • Saves Money

  • Avoids Litigation


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The Conservancy is now able to make regional and preliminary national assessments of the most important gaps in ecosystem and species coverage


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Example: Geographic Distribution of Endangered Species in the United StatesA.P. Dobson, J.P. Rodriguez, W.M. Roberts, D.S. WilcoveSCIENCE24 January 1997


Species extirpated from a state

Species Extirpated from a State


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