Monitoring biological diversity
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MONITORING BIOLOGICAL DIVERSITY. The Nature Conservancy’s Natural Heritage Program. The Nature Conservancy was established to conserve biodiversity by establishing natural area preserves.

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Monitoring biological diversity

MONITORING BIOLOGICAL DIVERSITY

The Nature Conservancy’s

Natural Heritage Program


The Nature Conservancy was established to conserve biodiversity by establishing natural area preserves

Preserves are selected and designed to protect examples of the widest possible spectrum of native ecosystems & species habitats



The nature conservancy initiated the first state natural heritage inventories in 1974

The Nature Conservancy initiated the first of the First Orders of BusinessState Natural Heritage Inventories in 1974

Methodology used has become the most systematic, comprehensive & widely used technology in existence for gathering & organizing information needed for conservation


Natural data centers exist in every state of the u s
Natural Data Centers of the First Orders of Business exist in every state of the U.S.



“A permanent and dynamic atlas and data bank on the existence, characteristics, numbers, condition, status, location, and distribution of occurrences of the elements of natural biological and ecological diversity”


How and why the heritage program works
How and Why the Heritage Program Works existence, characteristics, numbers, condition, status, location, and distribution of occurrences of the elements of natural biological and ecological diversity”

  • Focused Goal

  • Focused Method

  • Multi-Institutional Cooperation

  • Program Continuity

  • Practical Geographic Scale

  • Successive Approximation

  • Factual, Balanced Information System

  • Standardization

  • Central Support


Some applications of the data
Some Applications of the Data existence, characteristics, numbers, condition, status, location, and distribution of occurrences of the elements of natural biological and ecological diversity”

  • Preserve Selection & Design

  • Element Status Monitoring

  • Development Planning - “Certainty” Key-word

  • Environmental Impact Assessment

  • Access to Additional Information

  • Predictive Modeling

  • Conservation Priority Setting

  • Facilitating Continuing Inventory

  • Land Conservation Administration


For these reasons existence, characteristics, numbers, condition, status, location, and distribution of occurrences of the elements of natural biological and ecological diversity”Heritage programs have been applauded by big business, chambers of commerce, trade associations and environmentalists

  • Saves Money

  • Avoids Litigation


The Conservancy is now able to make regional and preliminary national assessments of the most important gaps in ecosystem and species coverage


Example: national assessments of the most important gaps in ecosystem and species coverageGeographic Distribution of Endangered Species in the United StatesA.P. Dobson, J.P. Rodriguez, W.M. Roberts, D.S. WilcoveSCIENCE24 January 1997


Species extirpated from a state
Species Extirpated from a State national assessments of the most important gaps in ecosystem and species coverage


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