Causal inference. Afshin Ostovar Bushehr University of Medical Sciences Bushehr, 2012. “The world is richer in associations than meanings, and it is the part of wisdom to differentiate the two .” John Barth, novelist.
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Bushehr University of Medical Sciences
John Barth, novelist.
A. B. Hill
Moving a light switch causes the light to turn on
MervynSusserproposes that for epidemiologists a causal relation has the following attributes:
Direct observation vs. inference:
Difficulties that arise from latency and induction:
The Henle-Koch Postulates (1884):
Rivers, 1937; Evans 1978:
The basic underlying questions are: