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The Long Road to a Union Victory. Chapter 4 Lesson 3. Sherry Woods, Caywood Elementary School Lexington, TN. African Regiments. Not allowed to fight in the Civil War at the beginning. Formed their own regiments to fight for the Union. Congress agreed to let them enlist 186,000 enlisted

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the long road to a union victory

The Long Road to a Union Victory

Chapter 4

Lesson 3

Sherry Woods,

Caywood Elementary School Lexington, TN

african regiments
African Regiments
  • Not allowed to fight in the Civil War at the beginning.
  • Formed their own regiments to fight for the Union.
  • Congress agreed to let them enlist
  • 186,000 enlisted
  • Not paid as well as white soldiers
  • Given poor equipment
  • Threatened by the confederate soldiers
grant leads the union
Grant Leads the Union
  • Ulysses S. Grant….a great general
  • Educated at West Point
  • Fought in war with Mexico
  • Made quick decisions in battle
  • Unconditional Surrender
grant s most important battle
Grant’s Most Important Battle
  • Vicksburg, Mississippi
  • Surrounded and lay siege to the city.
  • Starved the people into surrender
  • Key Victory
  • Gave Union control of the Mississippi River
  • Lincoln gave Grant command of ALL Union troops!
gettysburg
Gettysburg
  • Pennsylvania
  • Robert E. Lee was invading
  • One of the most important Union victories
  • Over 7,000 soldiers died
  • November 19, 1863 Lincoln dedicated the cemetery.
  • Less than 3 minutes, but became the most famous speed in history.
the march to the sea
The March to the Sea
  • Union General Sherman led army south from Tennessee into Georgia
  • Pushed to Atlanta, the railroad center of the South
  • Much of Georgia Burned to the ground
  • Goal was to destroy everything that could help the South in the war
  • Burned homes, stores, crops, animals, bridges, railroad tracks….everything!
  • Savannah fell to the Union on Dec. 22, 1864
lee surrenders
Lee’s Confederate troops

Starving and clothes were rags

Trapped

Forced to surrender at the Appomattox Courthouse on April 9, 1865

Grant’s Union troops

Well-fed and well supplied

Surrounded the Confederate soldiers

THE WAR WAS OVER!

Lee Surrenders
one more tragic death
One More Tragic Death
  • Abraham Lincoln did not live to see peace
  • Five days after the surrender, Lincoln was shot and killed
  • Watching a play at Ford’s Theatre in Washington, D.C.
  • John Wilkes Booth, an actor, assassinated the President.
  • The entire country was saddened
the capture of booth
The Capture of Booth
  • Booth asked for time to decide. Finally, after some more give and take with the soldiers, Booth yelled, "Well, my brave boys, you can prepare a stretcher for me! I will never surrender
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