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Sparta and Athens. Chapter 8 Lesson 4. Objectives. Describe daily life in Sparta and Athens Describe the governments of Sparta and Athens Explain the organization of the Persian Empire. Vocabulary. Helot – slave-like workers owned by the Spartan city-state Assembly – lawmaking group

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sparta and athens

Sparta and Athens

Chapter 8 Lesson 4

objectives
Objectives
  • Describe daily life in Sparta and Athens
  • Describe the governments of Sparta and Athens
  • Explain the organization of the Persian Empire
vocabulary
Vocabulary
  • Helot – slave-like workers owned by the Spartan city-state
  • Assembly – lawmaking group
  • Reform - changes
  • Majority Rule – every member had one vote, and the idea that received the most votes passed
  • Fable – short story that uses animals in it to teach a lesson
  • League – a group of allies
sparta s government
Sparta’s Government
  • Spartans became powerful and conquered their neighbors
  • They formed a military society to fight against possible uprisings from helots and to defend against their enemies
life in sparta
Life in Sparta
  • Spartans were taught to be strong and disciplined
  • They had little contact with outsiders
  • Men served in the military
  • Women had many responsibilities and were respected
new ideas in athens
New Ideas in Athens
  • Athens’s coastal location helped in become wealthy through trade
  • Draco wrote Athens’s first laws, but they were harsh
  • Solon put in place reforms to help ordinary people
toward democracy
Toward Democracy
  • Solon’s reforms became the basis for Athenian democracy
  • Solon established a system that based political rights on wealth, not on birth
  • He formed a council of citizens to support the assembly
life in athens
Life in Athens
  • Athenians educated their children to become good citizens
  • Most boys learned their father’s trade, and most girls learned to run a household
  • Nearly one third of people in Athens were slaves
concerns about persia
Concerns About Persia
  • In the 500s B.C., Greek city-states faced a threat from the Persians, who wanted to control the Greek’s valuable trade routes
  • The city-states formed leagues for protection
summary
Summary
  • Sparta was ruled both by an oligarchy and two kings.
  • Spartans led a strict military life.
  • Athens gave rise to early democratic forms of government.
  • Athenians were educated to be well-rounded citizens
  • Many city-states joined Sparta in the Peloponnesian League for better defense
reading check questions
Reading Check Questions
  • Why did the Spartans protect themselves with a military way of life?
  • Why were Spartan citizens rarely allowed to travel outside Sparta?
  • Why did Athens’s poor people grow angry?
  • What is the significance, or importance, of Solon’s reforms to the idea of citizenship?
  • How was an Athenian education different for boys and girls?
  • What made the Greek city-states fear the Persian Empire?
reading check answers
Reading Check Answers
  • Why did the Spartans protect themselves with a military way of life?
    • They were afraid that the helots would rebel and enemies would attack.
  • Why were Spartan citizens rarely allowed to travel outside Sparta?
    • Spartan leaders were afraid that new ideas would bring unwanted changes.
  • Why did Athens’s poor people grow angry?
    • Farmers fell into debt and had to sell themselves into slavery to survive.
  • What is the significance, or importance, of Solon’s reforms to the idea of citizenship?
    • They gave more citizens rights to participate in government.
  • How was an Athenian education different for boys and girls?
    • Boys studied at school while girls studied at home.
  • What made the Greek city-states fear the Persian Empire?
    • The Persians were building an empire and had already gained control of several Greek colonies
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