Sparta and athens
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Sparta and Athens. Chapter 8 Lesson 4. Objectives. Describe daily life in Sparta and Athens Describe the governments of Sparta and Athens Explain the organization of the Persian Empire. Vocabulary. Helot – slave-like workers owned by the Spartan city-state Assembly – lawmaking group

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Sparta and Athens

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Sparta and athens

Sparta and Athens

Chapter 8 Lesson 4


Objectives

Objectives

  • Describe daily life in Sparta and Athens

  • Describe the governments of Sparta and Athens

  • Explain the organization of the Persian Empire


Vocabulary

Vocabulary

  • Helot – slave-like workers owned by the Spartan city-state

  • Assembly – lawmaking group

  • Reform - changes

  • Majority Rule – every member had one vote, and the idea that received the most votes passed

  • Fable – short story that uses animals in it to teach a lesson

  • League – a group of allies


Sparta s government

Sparta’s Government

  • Spartans became powerful and conquered their neighbors

  • They formed a military society to fight against possible uprisings from helots and to defend against their enemies


Life in sparta

Life in Sparta

  • Spartans were taught to be strong and disciplined

  • They had little contact with outsiders

  • Men served in the military

  • Women had many responsibilities and were respected


New ideas in athens

New Ideas in Athens

  • Athens’s coastal location helped in become wealthy through trade

  • Draco wrote Athens’s first laws, but they were harsh

  • Solon put in place reforms to help ordinary people


Toward democracy

Toward Democracy

  • Solon’s reforms became the basis for Athenian democracy

  • Solon established a system that based political rights on wealth, not on birth

  • He formed a council of citizens to support the assembly


Life in athens

Life in Athens

  • Athenians educated their children to become good citizens

  • Most boys learned their father’s trade, and most girls learned to run a household

  • Nearly one third of people in Athens were slaves


Concerns about persia

Concerns About Persia

  • In the 500s B.C., Greek city-states faced a threat from the Persians, who wanted to control the Greek’s valuable trade routes

  • The city-states formed leagues for protection


Summary

Summary

  • Sparta was ruled both by an oligarchy and two kings.

  • Spartans led a strict military life.

  • Athens gave rise to early democratic forms of government.

  • Athenians were educated to be well-rounded citizens

  • Many city-states joined Sparta in the Peloponnesian League for better defense


Reading check questions

Reading Check Questions

  • Why did the Spartans protect themselves with a military way of life?

  • Why were Spartan citizens rarely allowed to travel outside Sparta?

  • Why did Athens’s poor people grow angry?

  • What is the significance, or importance, of Solon’s reforms to the idea of citizenship?

  • How was an Athenian education different for boys and girls?

  • What made the Greek city-states fear the Persian Empire?


Reading check answers

Reading Check Answers

  • Why did the Spartans protect themselves with a military way of life?

    • They were afraid that the helots would rebel and enemies would attack.

  • Why were Spartan citizens rarely allowed to travel outside Sparta?

    • Spartan leaders were afraid that new ideas would bring unwanted changes.

  • Why did Athens’s poor people grow angry?

    • Farmers fell into debt and had to sell themselves into slavery to survive.

  • What is the significance, or importance, of Solon’s reforms to the idea of citizenship?

    • They gave more citizens rights to participate in government.

  • How was an Athenian education different for boys and girls?

    • Boys studied at school while girls studied at home.

  • What made the Greek city-states fear the Persian Empire?

    • The Persians were building an empire and had already gained control of several Greek colonies


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