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Standards 3 and 4. The Northwest Ordinance- 1787. Guidelines for statehood banned slavery Encouraged education (set aside land). Louisiana Purchase. Jefferson wants to buy FL and N.O. for up to 10 mil Napoleon offers all of L.P. for $15 mil

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Presentation Transcript
slide3
Guidelines for statehood
  • banned slavery
  • Encouraged education (set aside land)
slide5
Jefferson wants to buy FL and N.O. for up to 10 mil
  • Napoleon offers all of L.P. for $15 mil
  • OKs purchase on Constitutional authority to make treaties
  • Doubles size of the U.S.
slide7
Explore Louisiana Territory
  • Sacagawea – Indian woman who helps – interpreter and guide
  • Scientific expedition
  • Opens up area for westward expansion
adams onis treaty 1819
Adams-Onis Treaty - 1819
  • Between Spain and U.S. to get Florida
  • Also southern Miss and Alabama
  • Spain gives up rights to Oregon
  • Spain holds on to Texas
monroe doctrine
Monroe Doctrine
  • Warned European powers to stay away from the Americas
  • Colonization in any part of Americas would be seen as act of aggression against the U.S.
jacksonian democracy
Jacksonian Democracy
  • Jackson 1829-1837 – president
  • More people brought into political arena
  • Championed common man
  • More males can vote (money and property qualifications out)
  • Spoils system – install supporters into political offices
  • Championed states’ rights
  • Got rid of Bank of U.S. (strict constructionist)
indian removal act 1831
Indian Removal Act 1831
  • Indian Territory (Oklahoma)
  • Move all Indians west of Mississippi
  • Cherokee refuse to leave
  • Supreme Court says don’t have to
  • But Jackson orders removal
  • 1838 Trail of Tears
slide15
Mexico allows Americans in to Texas after 1821 independence from Spain
  • Americans want own independence from Mexico – General Santa Ana fights them
  • Battle of the Alamo – Texans lose battle but win the war
  • Texas is an independent country - 1836
u s annexes texas 1845
U.S. Annexes Texas 1845
  • Mexico not happy about
  • Border Rio Grande – Mex thought should be further north
  • Mexican American War
  • Last 3 years – we win
  • Gain California, Nevada, Utah, New Mexico, Arizona, and Colorado
  • Treaty of Guadlupe Hidalgo
homestead act 1862
Homestead Act 1862
  • Land west of Mississippi
  • 160 acres – farm on 5 years
  • Direct purchase $1.25 acre – live 6 months
regional issues about
South

Create more free states

North

Workers leave for the west

Reduce land value

Regional Issues about
pacific railroad act
Pacific Railroad Act
  • Encourage transcontinental railroad
  • Federal land to RRs per mile of track laid
  • 1869 RR complete west to east
  • Promontory Utah – golden spike
north
North
  • Industrialized
  • Samuel Slater – textile mills New England
  • Canals, railroads, steam engines encourage growth
  • Workers – originally young women from farms
  • Later immigrants (Irish) worked for low wages
south
South
  • Farming dominant – plantations
  • Cotton gin – 1793 – Cotton becomes cash crop
  • Growth of textile mills in north fed need for more cotton
  • Great – until after Civil War – one crop economy – led to bad economic times
slide25
West
  • Capital from north flowed to west (RRs)
  • Meat, grain, crops from west to northeast
  • Manufactured goods to west
slide26

The

Antebellum

Period

abolitionism
Abolitionism
  • Second Great Awakening – religious and social awakening
  • William Lloyd Garrison – abolitionist – published Liberator
  • American Anti-Slavery Society
  • Frederick Douglas, Grimke sisters
slavery and state s rights
Slavery and State’s Rights
  • Fugitive Slave Law 1850
  • Crime to help fugitive slave
  • Have to return to owner even if make it to a free state
  • Federal funds used to return
the missouri compromise
The Missouri Compromise
  • 1820
  • Banned all slavery north of south border of Missouri
  • Missouri in as slave state
  • Maine in as a free state
nullification crisis
Nullification Crisis
  • Could federal govt legislate the best?
  • If state did not like a law – could it choose to not obey? Nullify?
  • John C. Calhoun (SC) 1828 high tariff – felt hurt the South – threatened to nullify
  • 1832 – SC – Ordinance of Nullification
  • SC right to secede and nullify
  • Feds – lower tariff – say can use military force
wilmot proviso
Wilmot Proviso
  • David Wilmot – PA – tries to end spread of slavery – add a rider to legislation to finance Mex-Am war
  • Not approved – but adds to debate about slavery
compromise of 1850
Compromise of 1850
  • California wants statehood
  • South afraid upset power in Congress
  • Cal in
  • Strengthens fugitive slave laws
kansas nebraska act 1854
Kansas-Nebraska Act - 1854
  • The people decide slave or free
bleeding kansas
Bleeding Kansas

Pro-slavery – people into Kansas before vote on constitution = pro slave state

Anti-Slave people protest

John Brown

1861 in as free state

dred scott decision
Dred Scott Decision
  • Dred Scott enslaved Af Am
  • In Missouri – slave state
  • Moves with owner to free Wisconsin
  • Back to MO
  • Slaveholder dies – Scott feels should be set free as lived in Wisconsin
  • Decision – Af Am – so not a citizen
  • Court no authority prohibit slavery anywhere
slide36

The

Civil War

abraham lincoln
Abraham Lincoln
  • Republican
  • Free Soil
  • 1860 election wins
  • Dec 20 SC secedes
  • Early 1861 other states follow
  • April 12, 1861 – Fort Sumter in Charleston harbor – federal troops – fired on by Confederates
emancipation proclamation 1863
Emancipation Proclamation- 1863
  • Makes war a moral one
  • Frees slaves in states that are still in rebellion
  • Invited free slaves to join Union army
gettysburg address 1863
Gettysburg Address - 1863
  • Urged Americans to finish what was started at Gettysburg
sherman s march to the sea
Sherman’s March to the Sea
  • Total war
  • Burned buildings, crops, killed livestock
  • Surrender signed Appomattox court house

by Lee

reconstruction
Reconstruction
  • 13th amendment – abolished slavery
  • 1865 Freedmen’s Bureau

schools, shelter, medical care

andrew johnson
Andrew Johnson
  • Pres after Lincoln assassinated
  • Easy to get back in to Union
  • Ratify 13th amendment
  • Say they are sorry – swear oath to union
  • High ranking officials apply to pres for pardon
black codes 1865 1866
Black Codes – 1865-1866
  • Southern politicians way to keep freedmen on the land
  • Banned from owning land
  • Vagrancy laws
  • 14th amendment – citizenship and equality protection of law – negates these laws
radical republicans
Radical Republicans
  • Want to punish the South
  • Felt old south was coming back – politicians in power were same as before the war
  • Reconstruction Acts of 1867
  • Divided south into 5 military districts
scalawags
Scalawags
  • Southerners who cooperated with Reconstruction
  • Carpetbaggers – Northerners who moved south – some to help – some to take advantage of economic opportunity -
sharecropping
Sharecropping
  • Former slaves ( and poor whites)
  • Rent land from land owner
  • Pay with part of crop that is harvested
  • Worked to advantage of land owner not the people working the land
end of reconstruction
End of Reconstruction
  • 1870 15th amendment all citizens (except women) can vote
  • Poll taxes, and literacy tests kept many from voting
  • Compromise of 1877

Contested 1876 election Hayes – Hayes in troops in South out

south without military
South Without Military
  • Jim Crow Laws

leads to segregated society

  • Ku Klux Klan – 1866 – terrorizes Blacks – 20th century go on to terrorize – everyone who was not like them
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