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Standards 3 and 4. The Northwest Ordinance- 1787. Guidelines for statehood banned slavery Encouraged education (set aside land). Louisiana Purchase. Jefferson wants to buy FL and N.O. for up to 10 mil Napoleon offers all of L.P. for $15 mil

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  • Explore Louisiana Territory

  • Sacagawea – Indian woman who helps – interpreter and guide

  • Scientific expedition

  • Opens up area for westward expansion


Adams onis treaty 1819
Adams-Onis Treaty - 1819

  • Between Spain and U.S. to get Florida

  • Also southern Miss and Alabama

  • Spain gives up rights to Oregon

  • Spain holds on to Texas


Monroe doctrine
Monroe Doctrine

  • Warned European powers to stay away from the Americas

  • Colonization in any part of Americas would be seen as act of aggression against the U.S.


Jacksonian democracy
Jacksonian Democracy

  • Jackson 1829-1837 – president

  • More people brought into political arena

  • Championed common man

  • More males can vote (money and property qualifications out)

  • Spoils system – install supporters into political offices

  • Championed states’ rights

  • Got rid of Bank of U.S. (strict constructionist)




Indian removal act 1831
Indian Removal Act 1831

  • Indian Territory (Oklahoma)

  • Move all Indians west of Mississippi

  • Cherokee refuse to leave

  • Supreme Court says don’t have to

  • But Jackson orders removal

  • 1838 Trail of Tears




U s annexes texas 1845
U.S. Annexes Texas 1845 from Spain

  • Mexico not happy about

  • Border Rio Grande – Mex thought should be further north

  • Mexican American War

  • Last 3 years – we win

  • Gain California, Nevada, Utah, New Mexico, Arizona, and Colorado

  • Treaty of Guadlupe Hidalgo


1853 gadsden purchase
1853 from SpainGadsden Purchase


Homestead act 1862
Homestead Act 1862 from Spain

  • Land west of Mississippi

  • 160 acres – farm on 5 years

  • Direct purchase $1.25 acre – live 6 months


Regional issues about

South from Spain

Create more free states

North

Workers leave for the west

Reduce land value

Regional Issues about


Pacific railroad act
Pacific Railroad Act from Spain

  • Encourage transcontinental railroad

  • Federal land to RRs per mile of track laid

  • 1869 RR complete west to east

  • Promontory Utah – golden spike



North
North from Spain

  • Industrialized

  • Samuel Slater – textile mills New England

  • Canals, railroads, steam engines encourage growth

  • Workers – originally young women from farms

  • Later immigrants (Irish) worked for low wages


South
South from Spain

  • Farming dominant – plantations

  • Cotton gin – 1793 – Cotton becomes cash crop

  • Growth of textile mills in north fed need for more cotton

  • Great – until after Civil War – one crop economy – led to bad economic times


West from Spain

  • Capital from north flowed to west (RRs)

  • Meat, grain, crops from west to northeast

  • Manufactured goods to west


The from Spain

Antebellum

Period


Abolitionism
Abolitionism from Spain

  • Second Great Awakening – religious and social awakening

  • William Lloyd Garrison – abolitionist – published Liberator

  • American Anti-Slavery Society

  • Frederick Douglas, Grimke sisters


Slavery and state s rights
Slavery and State’s Rights from Spain

  • Fugitive Slave Law 1850

  • Crime to help fugitive slave

  • Have to return to owner even if make it to a free state

  • Federal funds used to return


The missouri compromise
The Missouri Compromise from Spain

  • 1820

  • Banned all slavery north of south border of Missouri

  • Missouri in as slave state

  • Maine in as a free state


Nullification crisis
Nullification Crisis from Spain

  • Could federal govt legislate the best?

  • If state did not like a law – could it choose to not obey? Nullify?

  • John C. Calhoun (SC) 1828 high tariff – felt hurt the South – threatened to nullify

  • 1832 – SC – Ordinance of Nullification

  • SC right to secede and nullify

  • Feds – lower tariff – say can use military force


Wilmot proviso
Wilmot Proviso from Spain

  • David Wilmot – PA – tries to end spread of slavery – add a rider to legislation to finance Mex-Am war

  • Not approved – but adds to debate about slavery


Compromise of 1850
Compromise of 1850 from Spain

  • California wants statehood

  • South afraid upset power in Congress

  • Cal in

  • Strengthens fugitive slave laws


Kansas nebraska act 1854
Kansas-Nebraska Act - 1854 from Spain

  • The people decide slave or free


Bleeding kansas
Bleeding Kansas from Spain

Pro-slavery – people into Kansas before vote on constitution = pro slave state

Anti-Slave people protest

John Brown

1861 in as free state


Dred scott decision
Dred Scott Decision from Spain

  • Dred Scott enslaved Af Am

  • In Missouri – slave state

  • Moves with owner to free Wisconsin

  • Back to MO

  • Slaveholder dies – Scott feels should be set free as lived in Wisconsin

  • Decision – Af Am – so not a citizen

  • Court no authority prohibit slavery anywhere


The from Spain

Civil War


Abraham lincoln
Abraham Lincoln from Spain

  • Republican

  • Free Soil

  • 1860 election wins

  • Dec 20 SC secedes

  • Early 1861 other states follow

  • April 12, 1861 – Fort Sumter in Charleston harbor – federal troops – fired on by Confederates


Confederate states of america
Confederate States of America from Spain

  • Jefferson Davis


Emancipation proclamation 1863
Emancipation Proclamation- 1863 from Spain

  • Makes war a moral one

  • Frees slaves in states that are still in rebellion

  • Invited free slaves to join Union army


Gettysburg address 1863
Gettysburg Address - 1863 from Spain

  • Urged Americans to finish what was started at Gettysburg


Sherman s march to the sea
Sherman’s March to the Sea from Spain

  • Total war

  • Burned buildings, crops, killed livestock

  • Surrender signed Appomattox court house

    by Lee


Reconstruction
Reconstruction from Spain

  • 13th amendment – abolished slavery

  • 1865 Freedmen’s Bureau

    schools, shelter, medical care


Andrew johnson
Andrew Johnson from Spain

  • Pres after Lincoln assassinated

  • Easy to get back in to Union

  • Ratify 13th amendment

  • Say they are sorry – swear oath to union

  • High ranking officials apply to pres for pardon


Black codes 1865 1866
Black Codes – 1865-1866 from Spain

  • Southern politicians way to keep freedmen on the land

  • Banned from owning land

  • Vagrancy laws

  • 14th amendment – citizenship and equality protection of law – negates these laws


Radical republicans
Radical Republicans from Spain

  • Want to punish the South

  • Felt old south was coming back – politicians in power were same as before the war

  • Reconstruction Acts of 1867

  • Divided south into 5 military districts


Scalawags
Scalawags from Spain

  • Southerners who cooperated with Reconstruction

  • Carpetbaggers – Northerners who moved south – some to help – some to take advantage of economic opportunity -


Sharecropping
Sharecropping from Spain

  • Former slaves ( and poor whites)

  • Rent land from land owner

  • Pay with part of crop that is harvested

  • Worked to advantage of land owner not the people working the land


End of reconstruction
End of Reconstruction from Spain

  • 1870 15th amendment all citizens (except women) can vote

  • Poll taxes, and literacy tests kept many from voting

  • Compromise of 1877

    Contested 1876 election Hayes – Hayes in troops in South out


South without military
South Without Military from Spain

  • Jim Crow Laws

    leads to segregated society

  • Ku Klux Klan – 1866 – terrorizes Blacks – 20th century go on to terrorize – everyone who was not like them


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