Standards 3 and 4
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Standards 3 and 4. The Northwest Ordinance- 1787. Guidelines for statehood banned slavery Encouraged education (set aside land). Louisiana Purchase. Jefferson wants to buy FL and N.O. for up to 10 mil Napoleon offers all of L.P. for $15 mil

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Standards 3 and 4

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Standards 3 and 4

Standards 3 and 4


The northwest ordinance 1787

The Northwest Ordinance- 1787


Standards 3 and 4

  • Guidelines for statehood

  • banned slavery

  • Encouraged education (set aside land)


Louisiana purchase

Louisiana Purchase


Standards 3 and 4

  • Jefferson wants to buy FL and N.O. for up to 10 mil

  • Napoleon offers all of L.P. for $15 mil

  • OKs purchase on Constitutional authority to make treaties

  • Doubles size of the U.S.


Standards 3 and 4

  • Explore Louisiana Territory

  • Sacagawea – Indian woman who helps – interpreter and guide

  • Scientific expedition

  • Opens up area for westward expansion


Adams onis treaty 1819

Adams-Onis Treaty - 1819

  • Between Spain and U.S. to get Florida

  • Also southern Miss and Alabama

  • Spain gives up rights to Oregon

  • Spain holds on to Texas


Monroe doctrine

Monroe Doctrine

  • Warned European powers to stay away from the Americas

  • Colonization in any part of Americas would be seen as act of aggression against the U.S.


Jacksonian democracy

Jacksonian Democracy

  • Jackson 1829-1837 – president

  • More people brought into political arena

  • Championed common man

  • More males can vote (money and property qualifications out)

  • Spoils system – install supporters into political offices

  • Championed states’ rights

  • Got rid of Bank of U.S. (strict constructionist)


Manifest destiny

Manifest Destiny


Standards 3 and 4

  • America destined to bring democracy to the entire continent

  • Part of the trek westward


Indian removal act 1831

Indian Removal Act 1831

  • Indian Territory (Oklahoma)

  • Move all Indians west of Mississippi

  • Cherokee refuse to leave

  • Supreme Court says don’t have to

  • But Jackson orders removal

  • 1838 Trail of Tears


Texas

Texas


Standards 3 and 4

  • Mexico allows Americans in to Texas after 1821 independence from Spain

  • Americans want own independence from Mexico – General Santa Ana fights them

  • Battle of the Alamo – Texans lose battle but win the war

  • Texas is an independent country - 1836


U s annexes texas 1845

U.S. Annexes Texas 1845

  • Mexico not happy about

  • Border Rio Grande – Mex thought should be further north

  • Mexican American War

  • Last 3 years – we win

  • Gain California, Nevada, Utah, New Mexico, Arizona, and Colorado

  • Treaty of Guadlupe Hidalgo


1853 gadsden purchase

1853 Gadsden Purchase


Homestead act 1862

Homestead Act 1862

  • Land west of Mississippi

  • 160 acres – farm on 5 years

  • Direct purchase $1.25 acre – live 6 months


Regional issues about

South

Create more free states

North

Workers leave for the west

Reduce land value

Regional Issues about


Pacific railroad act

Pacific Railroad Act

  • Encourage transcontinental railroad

  • Federal land to RRs per mile of track laid

  • 1869 RR complete west to east

  • Promontory Utah – golden spike


Regional differences

Regional Differences


North

North

  • Industrialized

  • Samuel Slater – textile mills New England

  • Canals, railroads, steam engines encourage growth

  • Workers – originally young women from farms

  • Later immigrants (Irish) worked for low wages


South

South

  • Farming dominant – plantations

  • Cotton gin – 1793 – Cotton becomes cash crop

  • Growth of textile mills in north fed need for more cotton

  • Great – until after Civil War – one crop economy – led to bad economic times


Standards 3 and 4

West

  • Capital from north flowed to west (RRs)

  • Meat, grain, crops from west to northeast

  • Manufactured goods to west


Standards 3 and 4

The

Antebellum

Period


Abolitionism

Abolitionism

  • Second Great Awakening – religious and social awakening

  • William Lloyd Garrison – abolitionist – published Liberator

  • American Anti-Slavery Society

  • Frederick Douglas, Grimke sisters


Slavery and state s rights

Slavery and State’s Rights

  • Fugitive Slave Law 1850

  • Crime to help fugitive slave

  • Have to return to owner even if make it to a free state

  • Federal funds used to return


The missouri compromise

The Missouri Compromise

  • 1820

  • Banned all slavery north of south border of Missouri

  • Missouri in as slave state

  • Maine in as a free state


Nullification crisis

Nullification Crisis

  • Could federal govt legislate the best?

  • If state did not like a law – could it choose to not obey? Nullify?

  • John C. Calhoun (SC) 1828 high tariff – felt hurt the South – threatened to nullify

  • 1832 – SC – Ordinance of Nullification

  • SC right to secede and nullify

  • Feds – lower tariff – say can use military force


Wilmot proviso

Wilmot Proviso

  • David Wilmot – PA – tries to end spread of slavery – add a rider to legislation to finance Mex-Am war

  • Not approved – but adds to debate about slavery


Compromise of 1850

Compromise of 1850

  • California wants statehood

  • South afraid upset power in Congress

  • Cal in

  • Strengthens fugitive slave laws


Kansas nebraska act 1854

Kansas-Nebraska Act - 1854

  • The people decide slave or free


Bleeding kansas

Bleeding Kansas

Pro-slavery – people into Kansas before vote on constitution = pro slave state

Anti-Slave people protest

John Brown

1861 in as free state


Dred scott decision

Dred Scott Decision

  • Dred Scott enslaved Af Am

  • In Missouri – slave state

  • Moves with owner to free Wisconsin

  • Back to MO

  • Slaveholder dies – Scott feels should be set free as lived in Wisconsin

  • Decision – Af Am – so not a citizen

  • Court no authority prohibit slavery anywhere


Standards 3 and 4

The

Civil War


Abraham lincoln

Abraham Lincoln

  • Republican

  • Free Soil

  • 1860 election wins

  • Dec 20 SC secedes

  • Early 1861 other states follow

  • April 12, 1861 – Fort Sumter in Charleston harbor – federal troops – fired on by Confederates


Confederate states of america

Confederate States of America

  • Jefferson Davis


Emancipation proclamation 1863

Emancipation Proclamation- 1863

  • Makes war a moral one

  • Frees slaves in states that are still in rebellion

  • Invited free slaves to join Union army


Gettysburg address 1863

Gettysburg Address - 1863

  • Urged Americans to finish what was started at Gettysburg


Sherman s march to the sea

Sherman’s March to the Sea

  • Total war

  • Burned buildings, crops, killed livestock

  • Surrender signed Appomattox court house

    by Lee


Reconstruction

Reconstruction

  • 13th amendment – abolished slavery

  • 1865 Freedmen’s Bureau

    schools, shelter, medical care


Andrew johnson

Andrew Johnson

  • Pres after Lincoln assassinated

  • Easy to get back in to Union

  • Ratify 13th amendment

  • Say they are sorry – swear oath to union

  • High ranking officials apply to pres for pardon


Black codes 1865 1866

Black Codes – 1865-1866

  • Southern politicians way to keep freedmen on the land

  • Banned from owning land

  • Vagrancy laws

  • 14th amendment – citizenship and equality protection of law – negates these laws


Radical republicans

Radical Republicans

  • Want to punish the South

  • Felt old south was coming back – politicians in power were same as before the war

  • Reconstruction Acts of 1867

  • Divided south into 5 military districts


Scalawags

Scalawags

  • Southerners who cooperated with Reconstruction

  • Carpetbaggers – Northerners who moved south – some to help – some to take advantage of economic opportunity -


Sharecropping

Sharecropping

  • Former slaves ( and poor whites)

  • Rent land from land owner

  • Pay with part of crop that is harvested

  • Worked to advantage of land owner not the people working the land


End of reconstruction

End of Reconstruction

  • 1870 15th amendment all citizens (except women) can vote

  • Poll taxes, and literacy tests kept many from voting

  • Compromise of 1877

    Contested 1876 election Hayes – Hayes in troops in South out


South without military

South Without Military

  • Jim Crow Laws

    leads to segregated society

  • Ku Klux Klan – 1866 – terrorizes Blacks – 20th century go on to terrorize – everyone who was not like them


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