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Results-Based Management in Kenyan Public Sector

Presentation Outline. Evolution of reforms in KenyaResults for Kenya ProgrammeSome AchievementsNew Phase of ReformsWay forward. What is Our Story?. Public Service Reform in Kenya. Evolution of Reforms in Kenya. The government tried various reforms in the public sector over the years with vary

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Results-Based Management in Kenyan Public Sector

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Results-Based Management in Kenyan Public Sector

E. A Lubembe, HSC


23rd May 2011

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Presentation Outline

Evolution of reforms in Kenya

Results for Kenya Programme

Some Achievements

New Phase of Reforms

Way forward

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Public Service Reform in Kenya

What is Our Story?

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Evolution of Reforms in Kenya

The government tried various reforms in the public sector over the years with varying degree of success.

These efforts were fragmented and sectoral in nature, and had their own measure of success

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Evolution of Reforms in Kenya…

1965:Sessional Paper No. 10 on African Socialism and its Application to Planning in Kenya outlined the first institutional framework for reforms.

The reforms aimed at addressing three main challenges facing the nation namely disease, poverty and illiteracy.

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Evolution of Reforms in Kenya…

1986: Sessional Paper No. 1 of 1986 on Economic Management for Renewed Growth paved the way for wider public service reforms e.g Structural Adjustment Programmes (SAPs).

SAPs sought to reduce the role of Government control in the production & distribution of goods and services and enhancing the role of the private sector.

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Evolution of Reforms in Kenya…

SAPs recognized the immense potential of the private sector as the engine for growth, and staff retrenchment as a way of reducing the bloated civil service wage bill.

The SAPs were not entirely successful as they resulted in a decline in real GDP growth.

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Evolution of Reforms in Kenya…

1988: Government launched the Civil Service Reform Programme to enhance Public Service efficiency and productivity.

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Earlier Phases of Reform in Kenya

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Background of Reforms in Kenya…

  • 2003: Economic Recovery for Wealth and Employment Creation embraced RBM

  • 2004: Cabinet formally prescribes RBM

  • 2005: Results for Kenyans program initiated

  • 2009: PM’s Strategic Plan makes Public Sector Transformation a priority Transformation a National Priority & created PSTD

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Institutionalising Results Based Management





for Results

Vision 2030-

driven Public

Service reform


Strength &

Central Support Ministries of Government for the successful management of Kenya VISION 2030



& change mgt. to transform

the Public



based, value-driven

HRM strategy

4Ps and 4Es - values in citizen-focused service delivery

  • Information and Knowledge management

  • IEC

  • Research and Development

Structured stakeholder engagement


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Results Achieved through RBM

Shift towards managing to achieve National Development Commitments/Priorities (ERS, Vision 2030, Medium Term Plan

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Results Achieved through RBM

  • Increased transparency & accountability in the public sector;

  • Sector reforms implemented in water, health, lands, education, trade, agriculture, environment, local government, human resource management, state corporations and governmance, justice, law &order sectors, among others.

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Results Achieved through RBM...

  • Improved service delivery across sectors & public agencies e.g. passport processing time reduced from over 30 days in 2002 to less than 7 days currently;

  • Strategic planning, Performance contracting, Rapid Results Initiatives, Service Charters, Performance Appraisal System (PAS) & M&E have been introduced in wider public service.