Phenomenology. Finding The “Essence” of the Phenomenon. PHENOMENOLOGY. FOCUS. Purpose. Phenomenology focuses on what commonalities are seen when individuals experience a phenomenon.
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Finding The “Essence” of the Phenomenon
Phenomenology focuses on what commonalities are seen when individuals experience a phenomenon.
The basic purpose of phenomenology is to reduce the experience or phenomenon of a number of people into one understanding of the “essence” of the experience.
ED 800 (Kolenick v1): Intro to Education Research: Course Slides
Naturalistic constitutive phenomenology studies how consciousness constitutes or takes things in the world of nature, assuming with the natural attitude that consciousness is part of nature.
Existential phenomenology undergoes an investigation of meaning in the context of lived experience
Static phenomenology is the style of analysis that primarily focuses on the fixed intentional relation between an act and an object
Generative historicist phenomenology studies how meaning, as found in our experience, is generated in historical processes of collective experience over time.
Genetic phenomenology studies the genesis of meanings of things within one's own stream of experience.
Hermeneutical phenomenology studies interpretive structures of experience, how we understand and engage things around us in our human world, including ourselves and others.
Realistic phenomenology emphasizes the search for the essential structures of various concrete situations.
Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1997, Dordrecht and Boston
The researcher collects data from individuals who have experienced the phenomenon, finds commonalities and themes, brackets for bias when necessary and then writes a rich description of the “essence” of the experience for all individuals. There are two separate approaches the researcher can take, one would be as an objective outsider and the other who exists within the same world as the participants and must account for their own personal bias impact on the process.
Common Steps used in the research process:
1.Collect descriptions of an experience from people who have had the experience.
2. Go over all of the descriptions and look for common themes or elements.
3.Create a clear and very descriptive understanding of the experience.
4. The description you give is the “essence” of the phenomenon.
Bringing phenomenology down to an easy to understand and basic level, in an attempt to gain a deeper understanding of what phenomenology is and how the “essence” of the experience is found.
Not being able to immerse yourself enough, to truly live the experience of anger again, while sitting in the classroom.
Having to small of a focus group to find similar threads or themes.
Close your eyes and remember a time you were angry. Really try to listen to your body and describe the changes, feelings, thoughts in your mind etc.
Try To Remember The Last Time You Were Angry. Do more than recall the experience; try to re-experience it, strongly, repeatedly. "Call" on it. Focus On That Experience Using All Of Your Senses. Write Down A Brief Description Of Your Experience In Detail
C. George Boeree, Shippensburg University
C. George Boeree, Shippensburg University
(http://webspace.ship.edu/cgboer/qualmethone.html) C. George Boeree ,Shippensburg University
Once the essence of the phenomenon has been discovered through comparing information found in interviews, surveys, observations etc. and commonalities have been found and themed, you are ready to take the final step and produce a final product that demonstrates the essence of the phenomenon you were studying. The final product may be a rich written description in a research paper format or can take on a more artistic format such as poetry, film or visual art.
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