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Methodological Contributions of the CSHA. Diagnosis of Dementia. Bayes’ Theorem can be applied to reach diagnoses where an individual has more than one condition (Mitnitski et al., 1997) Prevalence estimates vary greatly according to diagnostic criteria used (Erkinjuntti et al., 1997)

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diagnosis of dementia
Diagnosis of Dementia
  • Bayes’ Theorem can be applied to reach diagnoses where an individual has more than one condition(Mitnitski et al., 1997)
  • Prevalence estimates vary greatly according to diagnostic criteria used (Erkinjuntti et al., 1997)
  • Study of diagnostic agreement among clinicians in a multi-centre study (Graham et al., 1996)
  • Signs and symptoms that distinguish subtypes of dementia can provide an algorithmic approach to diagnosis(Graham et al., 1996)
cognitive impairment not dementia
Cognitive Impairment, not Dementia
  • CIND is twice as common as dementia(Graham, 1997; Ebly, 1995)
  • At least 10 etiologies lead to cognitive impairment (Tuokko et al., 2000)
  • Mortality rates are lowest for those who are cognitively normal, and increase with the degree of cognitive impairments (Hill et al., 1997)
  • After five years, half of those with cognitive impairment had died. Of survivors, half progressed to dementia (Tuokko et al., 2000)
validation of 3ms screening test
Validation of 3MS Screening Test
  • Sensitivity, speficity(McDowell et al., 1997)
  • Reliability(Bravo & Hébert, 1997)
  • French translation & norms (Hébert, 1992)
  • Comparisons with MMSE and other tests(Bravo & Hébert 1997; McDowell et al., 1997)
  • Reference values & norms(Tombaugh, 1996; Bravo & Hébert 1997)
  • Corrections for age and educational level(Bravo & Hébert 1997)
  • Adding questions on disability does not improve sensitivity of 3MS (Rockwood et al., 1994)
neuropsychology
Neuropsychology
  • Tuokko and Woodward (1996) produced norms from the CSHA sample for 11 neuropsychological tests
  • Crossley et al. (1997) compared verbal fluency tests in identifying AD, showing that letter and category tests both identify AD, but the former is associated with education
  • There do appear to be language biases in several neuropsychological tests(Steenhuis & Østbye, 1995; Tuokko et al., 1995)
  • Tuokko et al. (2000) compared five ways to score the Clock Drawing task
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