Golden Age of Islam. 632-1258 CE Geography/Background Muslim Society Medicine, Math, and Science Philosophy Literature Trade Decline. REVIEW. Mohammed 5 Pillars Monotheism Prayer 5x a day Alms giving Fasting during Ramadan Hajj No Priest Hierarchy Why?. Nomadic Tribes
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Medicine, Math, and Science
What is the Ka’ba?
Why did Mohammed destroy the idols at the Ka’ba?
What countries are predominately Shia Muslim today?
Why did Islam spread so quickly? What ideas appealed to its converts?
Where was their capital?
What practices did the Umayyad engage in that upset other Muslims?
What changes did they make during their rule?
4 Social Classes
Subservient to men
Had marriage, property, and family rights
AKA better off than Chinese women at the time
Astronomy– map night sky and calculate time and position
Why would the Astrolabe be so important to Muslims?
Al-Razi Wrote a medical encyclopedia (used Greek, Syrian, Arabic, and Indian ideas)
Relied on scientific observation
WESTERN = SIMPLE MONASTARIES
MUSLIM = 24/7, HYGIENE, FREE DOCTORS, MEDICAL SCHOOLS
Poetry celebrating honesty, bravery, hospitality
How does this compare to Greek literature of heroes?
Thousand and One Nights
Collection of fables and legends
Why was calligraphy so important and valued in society?
ISLAM’S MARCO POLO
TRAVELED 75,000 MILES
RECORDED HIS TRAVELS
Monsoons connect ME with India, China, and Africa
Dhows - ships able to sail upwind
Mongol invasion in 1258 – Upwards of one million die in Baghdad alone
House of Wisdom (Baghdad)
The ideal man was an educated, worldly man combining all cultures
What idea is being conveyed in the “ideal man”?
IbnRushd (Averroes) - blended Greek and Muslim ideas
Goal in both cases was to find truth
Happiness is tied to education
What don’t you notice? Something you might notice on a church?