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Golden Age of Islam. 632-1258 CE Geography/Background Muslim Society Medicine, Math, and Science Philosophy Literature Trade Decline. REVIEW. Mohammed 5 Pillars Monotheism Prayer 5x a day Alms giving Fasting during Ramadan Hajj No Priest Hierarchy Why?. Nomadic Tribes

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golden age of islam

Golden Age of Islam

632-1258 CE

Geography/Background

Muslim Society

Medicine, Math, and Science

Philosophy

Literature

Trade

Decline

review
REVIEW
  • Mohammed
  • 5 Pillars
    • Monotheism
    • Prayer 5x a day
    • Alms giving
    • Fasting during Ramadan
    • Hajj
  • No Priest Hierarchy
    • Why?
  • Nomadic Tribes
    • Influence of geography?
  • Mecca and Medina
    • Hijrah
  • Holy Text  Quran
muslims praying at the ka ba
Muslims praying at the Ka’ba

What is the Ka’ba?

Why did Mohammed destroy the idols at the Ka’ba?

distribution of sunni and shiite muslims
Distribution of Sunni and Shiite Muslims

What countries are predominately Shia Muslim today?

growth of islam by 850 ce
Growth of Islam by 850 CE

Why did Islam spread so quickly? What ideas appealed to its converts?

umayyad dynasty ruled until 750 ce
Umayyad Dynasty – Ruled until 750 CE

Where was their capital?

What practices did the Umayyad engage in that upset other Muslims?

abbasid dynasty 750 1258 ce
Abbasid Dynasty – 750-1258 CE

What changes did they make during their rule?

muslim society
Muslim Society

4 Social Classes

Muslims

Converts

Jews/Christians

Slaves/Non –Muslims

Women’s Rights

Subservient to men

Had marriage, property, and family rights

AKA better off than Chinese women at the time

medicine math and science
Medicine, Math, and Science

Astronomy– map night sky and calculate time and position

Why would the Astrolabe be so important to Muslims?

Al-Razi Wrote a medical encyclopedia (used Greek, Syrian, Arabic, and Indian ideas)

Algebra

Relied on scientific observation

Hospitals

WESTERN = SIMPLE MONASTARIES

MUSLIM = 24/7, HYGIENE, FREE DOCTORS, MEDICAL SCHOOLS

literature and the arts
Literature and the Arts

28 Letters

Poetry celebrating honesty, bravery, hospitality

How does this compare to Greek literature of heroes?

Thousand and One Nights

Collection of fables and legends

Calligraphy

Ornamental writing

Why was calligraphy so important and valued in society?

trade
Trade

IBN BATTUTA

ISLAM’S MARCO POLO

TRAVELED 75,000 MILES

RECORDED HIS TRAVELS

Monsoons connect ME with India, China, and Africa

Dhows - ships able to sail upwind

collapse
COLLAPSE

Mongol invasion in 1258 – Upwards of one million die in Baghdad alone

philosophy
Philosophy

House of Wisdom (Baghdad)

The ideal man was an educated, worldly man combining all cultures

What idea is being conveyed in the “ideal man”?

IbnRushd (Averroes) - blended Greek and Muslim ideas

Goal in both cases was to find truth

Happiness is tied to education

dome of the rock
Dome of the Rock

What don’t you notice? Something you might notice on a church?

interior photos
Interior Photos
  • Use of geometric patterns
  • Forbade depiction of God or Mohammed
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