Golden age of islam
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Golden Age of Islam. 632-1258 CE Geography/Background Muslim Society Medicine, Math, and Science Philosophy Literature Trade Decline. REVIEW. Mohammed 5 Pillars Monotheism Prayer 5x a day Alms giving Fasting during Ramadan Hajj No Priest Hierarchy Why?. Nomadic Tribes

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Golden Age of Islam

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Golden age of islam

Golden Age of Islam

632-1258 CE

Geography/Background

Muslim Society

Medicine, Math, and Science

Philosophy

Literature

Trade

Decline


Review

REVIEW

  • Mohammed

  • 5 Pillars

    • Monotheism

    • Prayer 5x a day

    • Alms giving

    • Fasting during Ramadan

    • Hajj

  • No Priest Hierarchy

    • Why?

  • Nomadic Tribes

    • Influence of geography?

  • Mecca and Medina

    • Hijrah

  • Holy Text  Quran


Muslims praying at the ka ba

Muslims praying at the Ka’ba

What is the Ka’ba?

Why did Mohammed destroy the idols at the Ka’ba?


Distribution of sunni and shiite muslims

Distribution of Sunni and Shiite Muslims

What countries are predominately Shia Muslim today?


Growth of islam by 850 ce

Growth of Islam by 850 CE

Why did Islam spread so quickly? What ideas appealed to its converts?


Umayyad dynasty ruled until 750 ce

Umayyad Dynasty – Ruled until 750 CE

Where was their capital?

What practices did the Umayyad engage in that upset other Muslims?


Abbasid dynasty 750 1258 ce

Abbasid Dynasty – 750-1258 CE

What changes did they make during their rule?


Muslim society

Muslim Society

4 Social Classes

Muslims

Converts

Jews/Christians

Slaves/Non –Muslims

Women’s Rights

Subservient to men

Had marriage, property, and family rights

AKA better off than Chinese women at the time


Medicine math and science

Medicine, Math, and Science

Astronomy– map night sky and calculate time and position

Why would the Astrolabe be so important to Muslims?

Al-Razi Wrote a medical encyclopedia (used Greek, Syrian, Arabic, and Indian ideas)

Algebra

Relied on scientific observation

Hospitals

WESTERN = SIMPLE MONASTARIES

MUSLIM = 24/7, HYGIENE, FREE DOCTORS, MEDICAL SCHOOLS


Literature and the arts

Literature and the Arts

28 Letters

Poetry celebrating honesty, bravery, hospitality

How does this compare to Greek literature of heroes?

Thousand and One Nights

Collection of fables and legends

Calligraphy

Ornamental writing

Why was calligraphy so important and valued in society?


Trade

Trade

IBN BATTUTA

ISLAM’S MARCO POLO

TRAVELED 75,000 MILES

RECORDED HIS TRAVELS

Monsoons connect ME with India, China, and Africa

Dhows - ships able to sail upwind


Trade winds and travel

Trade Windsand Travel


Collapse

COLLAPSE

Mongol invasion in 1258 – Upwards of one million die in Baghdad alone


Philosophy

Philosophy

House of Wisdom (Baghdad)

The ideal man was an educated, worldly man combining all cultures

What idea is being conveyed in the “ideal man”?

IbnRushd (Averroes) - blended Greek and Muslim ideas

Goal in both cases was to find truth

Happiness is tied to education


Dome of the rock

Dome of the Rock

What don’t you notice? Something you might notice on a church?


Interior photos

Interior Photos

  • Use of geometric patterns

  • Forbade depiction of God or Mohammed


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